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DBMS > Amazon Redshift vs. Graph Engine vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics

System Properties Comparison Amazon Redshift vs. Graph Engine vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Redshift  Xexclude from comparisonGraph Engine infoformer name: Trinity  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data Warehouse  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionLarge scale data warehouse service for use with business intelligence toolsA distributed in-memory data processing engine, underpinned by a strongly-typed RAM store and a general distributed computation engineElastic, large scale data warehouse service leveraging the broad eco-system of SQL Server
Primary database modelRelational DBMSGraph DBMS
Key-value store
Relational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score23.53
Rank#32  Overall
#18  Relational DBMS
Score0.74
Rank#204  Overall
#18  Graph DBMS
#32  Key-value stores
Score15.75
Rank#40  Overall
#24  Relational DBMS
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­redshiftwww.graphengine.ioazure.microsoft.com/­services/­synapse-analytics
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­redshiftwww.graphengine.io/­docs/­manualdocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­synapse-analytics
DeveloperAmazon (based on PostgreSQL)MicrosoftMicrosoft
Initial release201220102016
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoMIT Licensecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageC.NET and CC++
Server operating systemshosted.NEThosted
Data schemeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesrestrictedyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infodoes not fully support an SQL-standardnoyes
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP APIADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBCC#
C++
F#
Visual Basic
C#
Java
PHP
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions infoin PythonyesTransact SQL
Triggersnonono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardinghorizontal partitioningSharding, horizontal partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoinformational only, not enforced by the systemnono infodocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­synapse-analytics/­sql-data-warehouse/­sql-data-warehouse-table-constraints
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesoptional: either by committing a write-ahead log (WAL) to the local persistent storage or by dumping the memory to a persistent storageyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardyes

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More resources
Amazon RedshiftGraph Engine infoformer name: TrinityMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data Warehouse
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