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DBMS > Amazon Redshift vs. Graph Engine vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB

System Properties Comparison Amazon Redshift vs. Graph Engine vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Redshift  Xexclude from comparisonGraph Engine infoformer name: Trinity  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionLarge scale data warehouse service for use with business intelligence toolsA distributed in-memory data processing engine, underpinned by a strongly-typed RAM store and a general distributed computation engineGlobally distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model database service
Primary database modelRelational DBMSGraph DBMS
Key-value store
Document store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score24.27
Rank#32  Overall
#18  Relational DBMS
Score0.85
Rank#190  Overall
#17  Graph DBMS
#31  Key-value stores
Score40.29
Rank#26  Overall
#3  Document stores
#2  Graph DBMS
#3  Key-value stores
#3  Wide column stores
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­redshiftwww.graphengine.ioazure.microsoft.com/­services/­cosmos-db
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­redshiftwww.graphengine.io/­docs/­manualdocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­cosmos-db
DeveloperAmazon (based on PostgreSQL)MicrosoftMicrosoft
Initial release201220102014
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoMIT Licensecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC.NET and C
Server operating systemshosted.NEThosted
Data schemeyesyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes infoJSON types
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesrestrictedyes infoAll properties auto-indexed by default
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infodoes not fully support an SQL-standardnoSQL-like query language
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP APIDocumentDB API
Graph API (Gremlin)
MongoDB API
RESTful HTTP API
Table API
Supported programming languagesAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBCC#
C++
F#
Visual Basic
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
MongoDB client drivers written for various programming languages
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions infoin PythonyesJavaScript
TriggersnonoJavaScript
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardinghorizontal partitioningSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud service
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud service
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnowith Hadoop integration infoIntegration with Hadoop/HDInsight on Azure*
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyBounded Staleness
Consistent Prefix
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable on request level
Session Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoinformational only, not enforced by the systemnono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoMulti-item ACID transactions with snapshot isolation within a partition
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesoptional: either by committing a write-ahead log (WAL) to the local persistent storage or by dumping the memory to a persistent storageyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights can be defined down to the item level

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More resources
Amazon RedshiftGraph Engine infoformer name: TrinityMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB
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