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DBMS > Amazon Redshift vs. Graph Engine vs. Informix vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics

System Properties Comparison Amazon Redshift vs. Graph Engine vs. Informix vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Redshift  Xexclude from comparisonGraph Engine infoformer name: Trinity  Xexclude from comparisonInformix  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data Warehouse  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionLarge scale data warehouse service for use with business intelligence toolsA distributed in-memory data processing engine, underpinned by a strongly-typed RAM store and a general distributed computation engineA secure embeddable database from IBM, positioned besides IBM Db2 as a relatively low-cost product optimized for OLTP and Internet of Things dataElastic, large scale data warehouse service leveraging the broad eco-system of SQL Server
Primary database modelRelational DBMSGraph DBMS
Key-value store
Relational DBMS infoSince Version 12.10 support for JSON/BSON datatypes compatible with MongoDBRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
Time Series DBMS infowith Informix TimeSeries Extension
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score25.94
Rank#31  Overall
#18  Relational DBMS
Score0.91
Rank#184  Overall
#16  Graph DBMS
#30  Key-value stores
Score23.37
Rank#34  Overall
#20  Relational DBMS
Score20.66
Rank#36  Overall
#22  Relational DBMS
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­redshiftwww.graphengine.iowww.ibm.com/­products/­informixazure.microsoft.com/­services/­synapse-analytics
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­redshiftwww.graphengine.io/­docs/­manualinformix.hcldoc.com
www.ibm.com/­support/­knowledgecenter/­SSGU8G/­welcomeIfxServers.html
docs.microsoft.com/­azure/­synapse-analytics
DeveloperAmazon (based on PostgreSQL)MicrosoftIBM, HCL Technologies infoEffective May 1st, 2017, HCL took on development, technical support, and product management teams, and works jointly with IBM on product strategy, marketing, and sales.Microsoft
Initial release2012201019842016
Current release14.10.FC5, November 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoMIT Licensecommercial infofree developer edition availablecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnonoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC.NET and CC, C++ and JavaC++
Server operating systemshosted.NETAIX
HP-UX
Linux
macOS
Solaris
Windows
hosted
Data schemeyesyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes infoSince Version 12.10 support for JSON/BSON datatypesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesrestrictedyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infodoes not fully support an SQL-standardnoyesyes
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP APIJDBC
JSON API infoMongoDB compatible
MQTT (Message Queue Telemetry Transport)
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBCC#
C++
F#
Visual Basic
.Net
C
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
C#
Java
PHP
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions infoin PythonyesyesTransact SQL
Triggersnonoyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardinghorizontal partitioningShardingSharding, horizontal partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
yes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoinformational only, not enforced by the systemnoyesno infodocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­synapse-analytics/­sql-data-warehouse/­sql-data-warehouse-table-constraints
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesoptional: either by committing a write-ahead log (WAL) to the local persistent storage or by dumping the memory to a persistent storageyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardUsers with fine-grained authentication, authorization, and auditing controlsyes

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More resources
Amazon RedshiftGraph Engine infoformer name: TrinityInformixMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data Warehouse
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