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DBMS > Amazon Redshift vs. Graph Engine vs. HyperSQL vs. Microsoft Azure Search vs. SQLite

System Properties Comparison Amazon Redshift vs. Graph Engine vs. HyperSQL vs. Microsoft Azure Search vs. SQLite

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Redshift  Xexclude from comparisonGraph Engine infoformer name: Trinity  Xexclude from comparisonHyperSQL infoalso known as HSQLDB  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Search  Xexclude from comparisonSQLite  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionLarge scale data warehouse service for use with business intelligence toolsA distributed in-memory data processing engine, underpinned by a strongly-typed RAM store and a general distributed computation engineMultithreaded, transactional RDBMS written in Java infoalso known as HSQLDBSearch-as-a-service for web and mobile app developmentWidely used embeddable, in-process RDBMS
Primary database modelRelational DBMSGraph DBMS
Key-value store
Relational DBMSSearch engineRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score25.94
Rank#31  Overall
#18  Relational DBMS
Score0.91
Rank#184  Overall
#16  Graph DBMS
#30  Key-value stores
Score5.35
Rank#76  Overall
#41  Relational DBMS
Score7.54
Rank#59  Overall
#6  Search engines
Score134.73
Rank#10  Overall
#7  Relational DBMS
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­redshiftwww.graphengine.iohsqldb.orgazure.microsoft.com/­en-us/­services/­searchwww.sqlite.org
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­redshiftwww.graphengine.io/­docs/­manualhsqldb.org/­web/­hsqlDocsFrame.htmldocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­searchwww.sqlite.org/­docs.html
DeveloperAmazon (based on PostgreSQL)MicrosoftMicrosoftDwayne Richard Hipp
Initial release20122010200120152000
Current release2.6.1, October 2021V13.38.4  (4 May 2022), May 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoMIT LicenseOpen Source infobased on BSD licensecommercialOpen Source infoPublic Domain
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnonoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC.NET and CJavaC
Server operating systemshosted.NETAll OS with a Java VM infoEmbedded (into Java applications) and Client-Server operating modeshostedserver-less
Data schemeyesyesyesyesyes infodynamic column types
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyesyes infonot rigid because of 'dynamic typing' concept.
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonononono
Secondary indexesrestrictedyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infodoes not fully support an SQL-standardnoyesnoyes infoSQL-92 is not fully supported
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP APIHTTP API infoJDBC via HTTP
JDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP APIADO.NET infoinofficial driver
JDBC infoinofficial driver
ODBC infoinofficial driver
Supported programming languagesAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBCC#
C++
F#
Visual Basic
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBC
Java
.Net
C#
Actionscript
Ada
Basic
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Forth
Fortran
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
MatLab
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Scheme
Smalltalk
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions infoin PythonyesJava, SQLnono
Triggersnonoyesnoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardinghorizontal partitioningnoneSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud servicenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesnoneyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud servicenone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoinformational only, not enforced by the systemnoyesnoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoACIDnoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes infovia file-system locks
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesoptional: either by committing a write-ahead log (WAL) to the local persistent storage or by dumping the memory to a persistent storageyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyesyesnoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardyes infousing Azure authenticationno

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More resources
Amazon RedshiftGraph Engine infoformer name: TrinityHyperSQL infoalso known as HSQLDBMicrosoft Azure SearchSQLite
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