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DBMS > Amazon Redshift vs. Grakn vs. Impala vs. Oracle

System Properties Comparison Amazon Redshift vs. Grakn vs. Impala vs. Oracle

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Redshift  Xexclude from comparisonGrakn  Xexclude from comparisonImpala  Xexclude from comparisonOracle  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionLarge scale data warehouse service for use with business intelligence toolsGrakn is a distributed, hyper-relational database for managing complex data that serves as a knowledge base for cognitive/AI systems.Analytic DBMS for HadoopWidely used RDBMS
Primary database modelRelational DBMSGraph DBMS
Relational DBMS infoOften described as a 'hyper-relational' database, since it implements the 'Entity-Relationship Paradigm' to manage complex data structures and ontologies.
Relational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument storeDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
RDF store infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score21.24
Rank#29  Overall
#17  Relational DBMS
Score0.59
Rank#199  Overall
#16  Graph DBMS
#97  Relational DBMS
Score14.26
Rank#36  Overall
#22  Relational DBMS
Score1343.59
Rank#1  Overall
#1  Relational DBMS
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­redshiftgrakn.aiwww.cloudera.com/­products/­open-source/­apache-hadoop/­impala.htmlwww.oracle.com/­database
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­redshiftdev.grakn.ai/­docswww.cloudera.com/­documentation/­enterprise/­latest/­topics/­impala.htmldocs.oracle.com/­en/­database
DeveloperAmazon (based on PostgreSQL)Grakn LabsClouderaOracle
Initial release2012201620131980
Current release1.7.2, June 20203.3.0, August 201919c, February 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoGPL Version 3, commercial licenses availableOpen Source infoApache Version 2commercial inforestricted free version is available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageCJavaC++C and C++
Server operating systemshostedLinux
OS X
Windows
LinuxAIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
Data schemeyesyesyesyes infoSchemaless in JSON and XML columns
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononoyes
Secondary indexesrestrictedyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infodoes not fully support an SQL-standardnoSQL-like DML and DDL statementsyes infowith proprietary extensions
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
console (shell)
gRPC protocol
Workbase (visualisation software)
JDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
Supported programming languagesAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBCAll JVM based languages
Groovy
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Scala
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBCC
C#
C++
Clojure
Cobol
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Fortran
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Objective C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions infoin Pythonnoyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reducePL/SQL infoalso stored procedures in Java possible
Triggersnononoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingSharding infoby using CassandraShardinghorizontal partitioning infowith the optional Oracle Partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesMaster-master replication infoby using Cassandraselectable replication factorMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyes infoby using Apache Kafka and Apache Zookeeperyes infoquery execution via MapReduceno infocan be realized in PL/SQL
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoinformational only, not enforced by the systemno infosubstituted by the relationship featurenoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDnoACID infoisolation level can be parameterized
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesnonoyes infoVersion 12c introduced the new option 'Oracle Database In-Memory'
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardyes infoat REST API level; other APIs in progressAccess rights for users, groups and roles infobased on Apache Sentry and Kerberosfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
Amazon RedshiftGraknImpalaOracle
Specific characteristicsGrakn is the knowledge graph to organise complex networks of data and making it queryable,...
» more
Oracle Database (commonly referred to as Oracle RDBMS or simply as Oracle) is a multi-model...
» more
Competitive advantagesExpressive and flexible data model: The meta-schema of Grakn allows for modelling...
» more
Typical application scenariosLife sciences : Grakn makes working with biological data much easier and accelerates...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsAGPL and Commercial . The commercial license is priced based on cluster resources...
» more
Oracle Database Cloud Services Customers can choose from a wide range of database...
» more
News

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More resources
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