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DBMS > Amazon Redshift vs. Google Cloud Spanner vs. Impala vs. Tibero

System Properties Comparison Amazon Redshift vs. Google Cloud Spanner vs. Impala vs. Tibero

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Redshift  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Spanner  Xexclude from comparisonImpala  Xexclude from comparisonTibero  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionLarge scale data warehouse service for use with business intelligence toolsA horizontally scalable, globally consistent, relational database service. It is the externalization of the core Google database that runs the biggest aspects of Google, like Ads and Google Play.Analytic DBMS for HadoopA secure RDBMS, designed for easy portability from Oracle
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score20.97
Rank#32  Overall
#19  Relational DBMS
Score2.13
Rank#111  Overall
#53  Relational DBMS
Score15.71
Rank#36  Overall
#22  Relational DBMS
Score1.59
Rank#128  Overall
#63  Relational DBMS
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­redshiftcloud.google.com/­spannerwww.cloudera.com/­products/­open-source/­apache-hadoop/­impala.htmlwww.tmaxsoft.com/­products/­tibero
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­redshiftcloud.google.com/­spanner/­docswww.cloudera.com/­documentation/­enterprise/­latest/­topics/­impala.htmltechnet.tmaxsoft.com/­upload/­download/­online/­tibero/­pver-20150504-000002/­index.html
DeveloperAmazon (based on PostgreSQL)GoogleClouderaTmaxSoft
Initial release2012201720132003
Current release3.3.0, August 20196, April 2015
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialcommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageCC++C and Assembler
Server operating systemshostedhostedLinuxAIX
HP-UX
Linux
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononoyes
Secondary indexesrestrictedyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infodoes not fully support an SQL-standardyes infoQuery statements complying to ANSI 2011SQL-like DML and DDL statementsyes
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
JDBC infoAt present, JDBC supports read-only queries. No support for DDL or DML statements.
RESTful HTTP API
JDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
Tibero CLI
Supported programming languagesAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBCGo
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBCC
C#
C++
Cobol
Java
Objective-C
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions infoin Pythonnoyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reducePersistent Stored Procedure (PSM)
Triggersnononoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingShardinghorizontal partitioning infoby range, hash, list or composite
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesMaster-Master replication with 3 replicas for regional instances.selectable replication factorMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyes infousing Google Cloud Dataflowyes infoquery execution via MapReduceno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoinformational only, not enforced by the systemyes infoby using interleaved tables, this features focuses more on performance improvements than on referential integritynoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID infoStrict serializable isolationnoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesnonono infoplanned for next version
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)Access rights for users, groups and roles infobased on Apache Sentry and Kerberosfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard (SQL 92, SQL 99)

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