DB-EnginesCrateDB bannerEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > Amazon Redshift vs. Google Cloud Spanner vs. Impala vs. Oracle

System Properties Comparison Amazon Redshift vs. Google Cloud Spanner vs. Impala vs. Oracle

Please select another system to include it in the comparison.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Redshift  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Spanner  Xexclude from comparisonImpala  Xexclude from comparisonOracle  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionLarge scale data warehouse service for use with business intelligence toolsA horizontally scalable, globally consistent, relational database service. It is the externalization of the core Google database that runs the biggest aspects of Google, like Ads and Google Play.Analytic DBMS for HadoopWidely used RDBMS
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument storeDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
RDF store infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score21.24
Rank#29  Overall
#17  Relational DBMS
Score2.25
Rank#108  Overall
#52  Relational DBMS
Score14.26
Rank#36  Overall
#22  Relational DBMS
Score1343.59
Rank#1  Overall
#1  Relational DBMS
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­redshiftcloud.google.com/­spannerwww.cloudera.com/­products/­open-source/­apache-hadoop/­impala.htmlwww.oracle.com/­database
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­redshiftcloud.google.com/­spanner/­docswww.cloudera.com/­documentation/­enterprise/­latest/­topics/­impala.htmldocs.oracle.com/­en/­database
DeveloperAmazon (based on PostgreSQL)GoogleClouderaOracle
Initial release2012201720131980
Current release3.3.0, August 201919c, February 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialcommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2commercial inforestricted free version is available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageCC++C and C++
Server operating systemshostedhostedLinuxAIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
Data schemeyesyesyesyes infoSchemaless in JSON and XML columns
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononoyes
Secondary indexesrestrictedyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infodoes not fully support an SQL-standardyes infoQuery statements complying to ANSI 2011SQL-like DML and DDL statementsyes infowith proprietary extensions
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
JDBC infoAt present, JDBC supports read-only queries. No support for DDL or DML statements.
RESTful HTTP API
JDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
Supported programming languagesAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBCGo
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBCC
C#
C++
Clojure
Cobol
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Fortran
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Objective C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions infoin Pythonnoyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reducePL/SQL infoalso stored procedures in Java possible
Triggersnononoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingShardinghorizontal partitioning infowith the optional Oracle Partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesMaster-Master replication with 3 replicas for regional instances.selectable replication factorMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyes infousing Google Cloud Dataflowyes infoquery execution via MapReduceno infocan be realized in PL/SQL
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoinformational only, not enforced by the systemyes infoby using interleaved tables, this features focuses more on performance improvements than on referential integritynoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID infoStrict serializable isolationnoACID infoisolation level can be parameterized
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesnonoyes infoVersion 12c introduced the new option 'Oracle Database In-Memory'
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)Access rights for users, groups and roles infobased on Apache Sentry and Kerberosfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
Amazon RedshiftGoogle Cloud SpannerImpalaOracle
Specific characteristicsOracle Database (commonly referred to as Oracle RDBMS or simply as Oracle) is a multi-model...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsOracle Database Cloud Services Customers can choose from a wide range of database...
» more

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesCData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
» more
General SQL Parser: Instantly adding parsing, decoding, analysis and rewrite SQL processing capability to your products.
» more

Navicat for Oracle improves the efficiency and productivity of Oracle developers and administrators with a streamlined working environment.
» more

DBHawk: Secure access to SQL, NoSQL and Cloud databases with an all-in-one solution.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Amazon RedshiftGoogle Cloud SpannerImpalaOracle
DB-Engines blog posts

Cloud-based DBMS's popularity grows at high rates
12 December 2019, Paul Andlinger

The popularity of cloud-based DBMSs has increased tenfold in four years
7 February 2017, Matthias Gelbmann

Increased popularity for consuming DBMS services out of the cloud
2 October 2015, Paul Andlinger

show all

MySQL is the DBMS of the Year 2019
3 January 2020, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

The struggle for the hegemony in Oracle's database empire
2 May 2017, Paul Andlinger

Architecting eCommerce Platforms for Zero Downtime on Black Friday and Beyond
25 November 2016, Tony Branson (guest author)

show all

Recent citations in the news

AWS Overhauls Redshift, Amid Latency Complaints
4 June 2020, Computer Business Review

Monitor and control the storage space of a schema with quotas with Amazon Redshift
3 June 2020, idk.dev

Migrating your Netezza data warehouse to Amazon Redshift
28 May 2020, idk.dev

Monitor and optimize queries on the new Amazon Redshift console
8 May 2020, idk.dev

Amazon, RedShift and IKEA are hiring. See more Pittsburgh jobs — 5/28/20
27 May 2020, NEXTpittsburgh

provided by Google News

Google Releases Spanner Emulator
1 June 2020, iProgrammer

Google Updates Cloud Spanner with New Features: Backup on Demand, Local Emulator, and More
1 May 2020, InfoQ.com

Relational Database Comparison - Alibaba, Amazon, Google, IBM and Microsoft - Web Hosting | Cloud Computing | Datacenter | Domain News
22 May 2020, Daily Host News

Google lays out HarbourBridge to tempt PostgreSQL users onto Cloud Spanner • DEVCLASS
13 February 2020, DevClass

Striim Announces Incremental Data Capture From Google Cloud Spanner; Enhanced Delivery to Google Cloud Pub/Sub
19 November 2019, Business Wire

provided by Google News

Cloudera’s Impala brings Hadoop to SQL and BI
25 October 2012, ZDNet

Cloudera Boosts Hadoop App Development On Impala
10 November 2014, InformationWeek

Cloudera says Impala is faster than Hive, which isn't saying much
13 January 2014, GigaOM

Cloudera's a data warehouse player now
28 August 2018, ZDNet

Shark: Real-time queries and analytics for big data
26 November 2012, O'Reilly Radar

provided by Google News

Microsoft exec explains why its database software has surpassed Oracle
4 June 2020, Business Insider

Cloud migration: top tips for balancing cost and application performance
3 June 2020, NS Tech

Managed disaster recovery and managed reader farm with Amazon RDS for Oracle using Oracle Active Data Guard
3 June 2020, idk.dev

Oracle Database Administration Certifications: What Are They And How To Prepare?
14 May 2020, Analytics India Magazine

Can Larry Ellison Turn Zoom & Autonomous DB into Big-Time Oracle Cloud Revenue?
6 May 2020, Cloud Wars

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Oracle Database Administrator
Akshaya Inc, Mountain View, CA

Manager, Software Development - Redshift
Amazon.com Services LLC, Seattle, WA

AWS Database Services SDE, Amazon Redshift
Amazon.com Services LLC, Seattle, WA

Business Intelligence Analyst
Kochava, Sandpoint, ID

Data Scientist
Kochava, Sandpoint, ID

Principal Engineer, Spanner, Google Cloud
Google, Kirkland, WA

Cloud Data Engineer (GCP) Solution Specialist - USDC
Deloitte, Lake Mary, FL

Cloud Data Engineer (GCP) Solution Analyst - USDC
Deloitte, Lake Mary, FL

Cloud Data Engineer (GCP) Solution Specialist - USDC
Deloitte, Mechanicsburg, PA

Cloud Data Engineer (GCP) Solution Analyst - USDC
Deloitte, Mechanicsburg, PA

Engineers, Software
T-Mobile, Snoqualmie, WA

Intermediate Reporting Data Developer Ocean/Olympus
CITI, Tampa, FL

Intermediate Data Developer Ocean/Olympus
CITI, Tampa, FL

Intermediate Business Analyst for Regulatory Reporting Migration
CITI, Tampa, FL

Data Engineer
Booz Allen Hamilton, Herndon, VA

Oracle Database Administrator (DBA)
C3 Business Solutions, Newport Beach, CA

Oracle Database Programmer
Information Analysis, United States

Microsoft SQL Server DBA
IBM, United States

Associate Database Administrator (3rd Shift)
Navisite, Andover, MA

Database Administrator (Remote)
Paylocity, Remote

jobs by Indeed




Share this page

Featured Products

AllegroGraph logo

Graph Database Leader for AI Knowledge Graph Applications - The Most Secure Graph Database Available.
Free Download

Couchbase logo

SQL + JSON + NoSQL.
Power, flexibility & scale.
All open source.
Get started now.

Neo4j logo

Get your free copy of the new O'Reilly book Graph Algorithms with 20+ examples for
machine learning, graph analytics and more.

Datastax Luna logo

Simple, subscription-based support for open source
Apache Cassandra™ from the Cassandra experts.
Learn more.

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

Present your product here