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DBMS > Amazon Redshift vs. Google Cloud Bigtable vs. SAP SQL Anywhere vs. TerminusDB vs. ToroDB

System Properties Comparison Amazon Redshift vs. Google Cloud Bigtable vs. SAP SQL Anywhere vs. TerminusDB vs. ToroDB

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Redshift  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Bigtable  Xexclude from comparisonSAP SQL Anywhere infoformerly called Adaptive Server Anywhere  Xexclude from comparisonTerminusDB infoformer name was DataChemist  Xexclude from comparisonToroDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionLarge scale data warehouse service for use with business intelligence toolsGoogle's NoSQL Big Data database service. It's the same database that powers many core Google services, including Search, Analytics, Maps, and Gmail.RDBMS database and synchronization technologies for server, desktop, remote office, and mobile environmentsScalable Graph Database platform making enterprise data available by exploiting inferred entities and relationshipsA MongoDB-compatible JSON document store, built on top of PostgreSQL
Primary database modelRelational DBMSKey-value store
Wide column store
Relational DBMSGraph DBMSDocument store
Secondary database modelsDocument store
RDF store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score26.17
Rank#31  Overall
#18  Relational DBMS
Score4.84
Rank#80  Overall
#13  Key-value stores
#6  Wide column stores
Score5.77
Rank#74  Overall
#40  Relational DBMS
Score0.11
Rank#317  Overall
#29  Graph DBMS
Score0.03
Rank#342  Overall
#45  Document stores
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­redshiftcloud.google.com/­bigtablewww.sap.com/­products/­sql-anywhere.htmlterminusdb.comwww.torodb.com
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­redshiftcloud.google.com/­bigtable/­docshelp.sap.com/­sql-anywhereterminusdb.github.io/­terminusdb/­#www.torodb.com/­stampede/­docs
DeveloperAmazon (based on PostgreSQL)GoogleSAP infoformerly SybaseDataChemist Ltd.8Kdata
Initial release20122015199220182016
Current release17, July 201510.0.21, March 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialcommercialcommercialOpen Source infoGPL V3Open Source infoAGPL-V3
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesyesnonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageCProlog, RustJava
Server operating systemshostedhostedAIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
LinuxAll OS with a Java 7 VM
Data schemeyesschema-freeyesyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnoyesyesyes infostring, integer, double, boolean, date, object_id
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyesnono
Secondary indexesrestrictednoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infodoes not fully support an SQL-standardnoyesSQL-like query language (WOQL)
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HappyBase (Python library)
HBase compatible API (Java)
ADO.NET
HTTP API
JDBC
ODBC
OWL
RESTful HTTP API
WOQL (Web Object Query Language)
Supported programming languagesAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBCC#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
C
C#
C++
Delphi
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
JavaScript
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions infoin Pythonnoyes, in C/C++, Java, .Net or Perlyes
Triggersnonoyesyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingnoneGraph PartitioningSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesInternal replication in Colossus, and regional replication between two clusters in different zonesSource-replica replication infoDatabase mirroringJournaling StreamsSource-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate consistency (for a single cluster), Eventual consistency (for two or more replicated clusters)Immediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoinformational only, not enforced by the systemnoyesyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDAtomic single-row operationsACIDACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes infoin-memory journalingyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesnoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)fine grained access rights according to SQL-standardRole-based access controlAccess rights for users and roles

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More resources
Amazon RedshiftGoogle Cloud BigtableSAP SQL Anywhere infoformerly called Adaptive Server AnywhereTerminusDB infoformer name was DataChemistToroDB
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