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DBMS > Amazon Redshift vs. Google Cloud Bigtable vs. Oracle vs. SAP SQL Anywhere vs. TerminusDB

System Properties Comparison Amazon Redshift vs. Google Cloud Bigtable vs. Oracle vs. SAP SQL Anywhere vs. TerminusDB

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Redshift  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Bigtable  Xexclude from comparisonOracle  Xexclude from comparisonSAP SQL Anywhere infoformerly called Adaptive Server Anywhere  Xexclude from comparisonTerminusDB infoformer name was DataChemist  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionLarge scale data warehouse service for use with business intelligence toolsGoogle's NoSQL Big Data database service. It's the same database that powers many core Google services, including Search, Analytics, Maps, and Gmail.Widely used RDBMSRDBMS database and synchronization technologies for server, desktop, remote office, and mobile environmentsScalable Graph Database platform making enterprise data available by exploiting inferred entities and relationships
Primary database modelRelational DBMSKey-value store
Wide column store
Relational DBMSRelational DBMSGraph DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
RDF store infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
Spatial DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
Document store
RDF store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score26.17
Rank#31  Overall
#18  Relational DBMS
Score4.84
Rank#80  Overall
#13  Key-value stores
#6  Wide column stores
Score1260.80
Rank#1  Overall
#1  Relational DBMS
Score5.77
Rank#74  Overall
#40  Relational DBMS
Score0.11
Rank#317  Overall
#29  Graph DBMS
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­redshiftcloud.google.com/­bigtablewww.oracle.com/­databasewww.sap.com/­products/­sql-anywhere.htmlterminusdb.com
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­redshiftcloud.google.com/­bigtable/­docsdocs.oracle.com/­en/­databasehelp.sap.com/­sql-anywhereterminusdb.github.io/­terminusdb/­#
DeveloperAmazon (based on PostgreSQL)GoogleOracleSAP infoformerly SybaseDataChemist Ltd.
Initial release20122015198019922018
Current release19c, February 201917, July 201510.0.21, March 2022
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercialcommercial inforestricted free version is availablecommercialOpen Source infoGPL V3
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesyesnonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageCC and C++Prolog, Rust
Server operating systemshostedhostedAIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
Data schemeyesschema-freeyes infoSchemaless in JSON and XML columnsyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnoyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyesyesno
Secondary indexesrestrictednoyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infodoes not fully support an SQL-standardnoyes infowith proprietary extensionsyesSQL-like query language (WOQL)
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HappyBase (Python library)
HBase compatible API (Java)
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
ADO.NET
HTTP API
JDBC
ODBC
OWL
RESTful HTTP API
WOQL (Web Object Query Language)
Supported programming languagesAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBCC#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Cobol
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Fortran
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Objective C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Visual Basic
C
C#
C++
Delphi
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
JavaScript
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions infoin PythonnoPL/SQL infoalso stored procedures in Java possibleyes, in C/C++, Java, .Net or Perlyes
Triggersnonoyesyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingSharding, horizontal partitioningnoneGraph Partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesInternal replication in Colossus, and regional replication between two clusters in different zonesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Source-replica replication infoDatabase mirroringJournaling Streams
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesno infocan be realized in PL/SQLnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate consistency (for a single cluster), Eventual consistency (for two or more replicated clusters)Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoinformational only, not enforced by the systemnoyesyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDAtomic single-row operationsACID infoisolation level can be parameterizedACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes infoin-memory journaling
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesnoyes infoVersion 12c introduced the new option 'Oracle Database In-Memory'yes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)fine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardRole-based access control

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More resources
Amazon RedshiftGoogle Cloud BigtableOracleSAP SQL Anywhere infoformerly called Adaptive Server AnywhereTerminusDB infoformer name was DataChemist
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