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DBMS > Amazon Redshift vs. Google Cloud Bigtable vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. SAP SQL Anywhere vs. TerminusDB

System Properties Comparison Amazon Redshift vs. Google Cloud Bigtable vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. SAP SQL Anywhere vs. TerminusDB

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Redshift  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Bigtable  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparisonSAP SQL Anywhere infoformerly called Adaptive Server Anywhere  Xexclude from comparisonTerminusDB infoformer name was DataChemist  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionLarge scale data warehouse service for use with business intelligence toolsGoogle's NoSQL Big Data database service. It's the same database that powers many core Google services, including Search, Analytics, Maps, and Gmail.Globally distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model database serviceRDBMS database and synchronization technologies for server, desktop, remote office, and mobile environmentsScalable Graph Database platform making enterprise data available by exploiting inferred entities and relationships
Primary database modelRelational DBMSKey-value store
Wide column store
Document store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
Relational DBMSGraph DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMSDocument store
RDF store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score26.17
Rank#31  Overall
#18  Relational DBMS
Score4.84
Rank#80  Overall
#13  Key-value stores
#6  Wide column stores
Score41.38
Rank#27  Overall
#4  Document stores
#2  Graph DBMS
#3  Key-value stores
#3  Wide column stores
Score5.77
Rank#74  Overall
#40  Relational DBMS
Score0.11
Rank#317  Overall
#29  Graph DBMS
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­redshiftcloud.google.com/­bigtableazure.microsoft.com/­services/­cosmos-dbwww.sap.com/­products/­sql-anywhere.htmlterminusdb.com
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­redshiftcloud.google.com/­bigtable/­docsdocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­cosmos-dbhelp.sap.com/­sql-anywhereterminusdb.github.io/­terminusdb/­#
DeveloperAmazon (based on PostgreSQL)GoogleMicrosoftSAP infoformerly SybaseDataChemist Ltd.
Initial release20122015201419922018
Current release17, July 201510.0.21, March 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialcommercialcommercialcommercialOpen Source infoGPL V3
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesyesyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageCProlog, Rust
Server operating systemshostedhostedhostedAIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
Data schemeyesschema-freeschema-freeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnoyes infoJSON typesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyesno
Secondary indexesrestrictednoyes infoAll properties auto-indexed by defaultyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infodoes not fully support an SQL-standardnoSQL-like query languageyesSQL-like query language (WOQL)
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HappyBase (Python library)
HBase compatible API (Java)
DocumentDB API
Graph API (Gremlin)
MongoDB API
RESTful HTTP API
Table API
ADO.NET
HTTP API
JDBC
ODBC
OWL
RESTful HTTP API
WOQL (Web Object Query Language)
Supported programming languagesAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBCC#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
MongoDB client drivers written for various programming languages
Python
C
C#
C++
Delphi
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
JavaScript
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions infoin PythonnoJavaScriptyes, in C/C++, Java, .Net or Perlyes
TriggersnonoJavaScriptyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud servicenoneGraph Partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesInternal replication in Colossus, and regional replication between two clusters in different zonesyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceSource-replica replication infoDatabase mirroringJournaling Streams
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyeswith Hadoop integration infoIntegration with Hadoop/HDInsight on Azure*nono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate consistency (for a single cluster), Eventual consistency (for two or more replicated clusters)Bounded Staleness
Consistent Prefix
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable on request level
Session Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoinformational only, not enforced by the systemnonoyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDAtomic single-row operationsMulti-item ACID transactions with snapshot isolation within a partitionACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes infoin-memory journaling
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesnoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)Access rights can be defined down to the item levelfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardRole-based access control

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More resources
Amazon RedshiftGoogle Cloud BigtableMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBSAP SQL Anywhere infoformerly called Adaptive Server AnywhereTerminusDB infoformer name was DataChemist
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