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DBMS > Amazon Redshift vs. Google Cloud Bigtable vs. LevelDB vs. SAP SQL Anywhere vs. TerminusDB

System Properties Comparison Amazon Redshift vs. Google Cloud Bigtable vs. LevelDB vs. SAP SQL Anywhere vs. TerminusDB

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Redshift  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Bigtable  Xexclude from comparisonLevelDB  Xexclude from comparisonSAP SQL Anywhere infoformerly called Adaptive Server Anywhere  Xexclude from comparisonTerminusDB infoformer name was DataChemist  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionLarge scale data warehouse service for use with business intelligence toolsGoogle's NoSQL Big Data database service. It's the same database that powers many core Google services, including Search, Analytics, Maps, and Gmail.Embeddable fast key-value storage library that provides an ordered mapping from string keys to string valuesRDBMS database and synchronization technologies for server, desktop, remote office, and mobile environmentsScalable Graph Database platform making enterprise data available by exploiting inferred entities and relationships
Primary database modelRelational DBMSKey-value store
Wide column store
Key-value storeRelational DBMSGraph DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
RDF store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score26.17
Rank#31  Overall
#18  Relational DBMS
Score4.84
Rank#80  Overall
#13  Key-value stores
#6  Wide column stores
Score3.33
Rank#101  Overall
#18  Key-value stores
Score5.77
Rank#74  Overall
#40  Relational DBMS
Score0.11
Rank#317  Overall
#29  Graph DBMS
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­redshiftcloud.google.com/­bigtablegithub.com/­google/­leveldbwww.sap.com/­products/­sql-anywhere.htmlterminusdb.com
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­redshiftcloud.google.com/­bigtable/­docsgithub.com/­google/­leveldb/­blob/­master/­doc/­index.mdhelp.sap.com/­sql-anywhereterminusdb.github.io/­terminusdb/­#
DeveloperAmazon (based on PostgreSQL)GoogleGoogleSAP infoformerly SybaseDataChemist Ltd.
Initial release20122015201119922018
Current release1.23, February 202117, July 201510.0.21, March 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialcommercialOpen Source infoBSDcommercialOpen Source infoGPL V3
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesyesnonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageCC++Prolog, Rust
Server operating systemshostedhostedIllumos
Linux
OS X
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
Data schemeyesschema-freeschema-freeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnonoyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononoyesno
Secondary indexesrestrictednonoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infodoes not fully support an SQL-standardnonoyesSQL-like query language (WOQL)
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HappyBase (Python library)
HBase compatible API (Java)
ADO.NET
HTTP API
JDBC
ODBC
OWL
RESTful HTTP API
WOQL (Web Object Query Language)
Supported programming languagesAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBCC#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
C++
Go
Java info3rd party binding
JavaScript (Node.js) info3rd party binding
Python info3rd party binding
C
C#
C++
Delphi
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
JavaScript
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions infoin Pythonnonoyes, in C/C++, Java, .Net or Perlyes
Triggersnononoyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingnonenoneGraph Partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesInternal replication in Colossus, and regional replication between two clusters in different zonesnoneSource-replica replication infoDatabase mirroringJournaling Streams
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate consistency (for a single cluster), Eventual consistency (for two or more replicated clusters)Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoinformational only, not enforced by the systemnonoyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDAtomic single-row operationsnoACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infowith automatic compression on writesyesyes infoin-memory journaling
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesnoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)nofine grained access rights according to SQL-standardRole-based access control

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More resources
Amazon RedshiftGoogle Cloud BigtableLevelDBSAP SQL Anywhere infoformerly called Adaptive Server AnywhereTerminusDB infoformer name was DataChemist
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