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DBMS > Amazon Redshift vs. Google BigQuery vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics

System Properties Comparison Amazon Redshift vs. Google BigQuery vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Redshift  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle BigQuery  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data Warehouse  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionLarge scale data warehouse service for use with business intelligence toolsLarge scale data warehouse service with append-only tablesElastic, large scale data warehouse service leveraging the broad eco-system of SQL Server
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score20.63
Rank#33  Overall
#20  Relational DBMS
Score62.67
Rank#19  Overall
#13  Relational DBMS
Score23.95
Rank#30  Overall
#18  Relational DBMS
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­redshiftcloud.google.com/­bigqueryazure.microsoft.com/­services/­synapse-analytics
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­redshiftcloud.google.com/­bigquery/­docsdocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­synapse-analytics
DeveloperAmazon (based on PostgreSQL)GoogleMicrosoft
Initial release201220102016
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercialcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesyesyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageCC++
Server operating systemshostedhostedhosted
Data schemeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesrestrictednoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infodoes not fully support an SQL-standardyesyes
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP/JSON APIADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBC.Net
Java
JavaScript
Objective-C
PHP
Python
Ruby
C#
Java
PHP
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions infoin Pythonuser defined functions infoin JavaScriptTransact SQL
Triggersnonono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingnoneSharding, horizontal partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoinformational only, not enforced by the systemnono infodocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­synapse-analytics/­sql-data-warehouse/­sql-data-warehouse-table-constraints
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDno infoSince BigQuery is designed for querying dataACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesno
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess privileges (owner, writer, reader) on dataset, table or view level infoGoogle Cloud Identity & Access Management (IAM)yes

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More resources
Amazon RedshiftGoogle BigQueryMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data Warehouse
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