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DBMS > Amazon Redshift vs. Google BigQuery vs. Impala vs. Oracle vs. SAP Adaptive Server

System Properties Comparison Amazon Redshift vs. Google BigQuery vs. Impala vs. Oracle vs. SAP Adaptive Server

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Redshift  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle BigQuery  Xexclude from comparisonImpala  Xexclude from comparisonOracle  Xexclude from comparisonSAP Adaptive Server infoformer name: Sybase ASE  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionLarge scale data warehouse service for use with business intelligence toolsLarge scale data warehouse service with append-only tablesAnalytic DBMS for HadoopWidely used RDBMSThe SAP (Sybase) Adaptive Server Enterprise (ASE) is an enterprise-class RDBMS
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument storeDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
RDF store infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score23.01
Rank#30  Overall
#17  Relational DBMS
Score33.32
Rank#24  Overall
#15  Relational DBMS
Score15.15
Rank#37  Overall
#22  Relational DBMS
Score1369.36
Rank#1  Overall
#1  Relational DBMS
Score54.01
Rank#18  Overall
#12  Relational DBMS
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­redshiftcloud.google.com/­bigquerywww.cloudera.com/­products/­open-source/­apache-hadoop/­impala.htmlwww.oracle.com/­databasewww.sap.com/­products/­sybase-ase.html
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­redshiftcloud.google.com/­bigquery/­docsdocs.cloudera.com/­documentation/­enterprise/­latest/­topics/­impala.htmldocs.oracle.com/­en/­databasehelp.sap.com/­adaptive-server-enterprise
DeveloperAmazon (based on PostgreSQL)GoogleClouderaOracleSAP, Sybase
Initial release20122010201319801987
Current release3.3.0, August 201919c, February 201916.0
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialcommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2commercial inforestricted free version is availablecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesyesnonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageCC++C and C++C and C++
Server operating systemshostedhostedLinuxAIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyesyes infoSchemaless in JSON and XML columnsyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononoyesno
Secondary indexesrestrictednoyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infodoes not fully support an SQL-standardyesSQL-like DML and DDL statementsyes infowith proprietary extensionsyes
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP/JSON APIJDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
Supported programming languagesAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBC.Net
Java
JavaScript
Objective-C
PHP
Python
Ruby
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBCC
C#
C++
Clojure
Cobol
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Fortran
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Objective C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Visual Basic
C
C++
Cobol
Java
Java
Perl
PHP
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions infoin Pythonuser defined functions infoin JavaScriptyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reducePL/SQL infoalso stored procedures in Java possibleJava and Transact-SQL
Triggersnononoyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingnoneShardinghorizontal partitioning infowith the optional Oracle Partitioninghorizontal partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesselectable replication factorMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Multi-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoyes infoquery execution via MapReduceno infocan be realized in PL/SQLno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoinformational only, not enforced by the systemnonoyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDno infoSince BigQuery is designed for querying datanoACID infoisolation level can be parameterizedACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesnonoyes infoVersion 12c introduced the new option 'Oracle Database In-Memory'
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess privileges (owner, writer, reader) for whole datasets, not for individual tables infoGoogle Cloud Identity & Access Management (IAM)Access rights for users, groups and roles infobased on Apache Sentry and Kerberosfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
Amazon RedshiftGoogle BigQueryImpalaOracleSAP Adaptive Server infoformer name: Sybase ASE
Specific characteristicsOracle Database (commonly referred to as Oracle RDBMS or simply as Oracle) is a multi-model...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsOracle Database Cloud Services Customers can choose from a wide range of database...
» more

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More resources
Amazon RedshiftGoogle BigQueryImpalaOracleSAP Adaptive Server infoformer name: Sybase ASE
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