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DBMS > Amazon Redshift vs. GRAKN.AI vs. Oracle vs. Tibero

System Properties Comparison Amazon Redshift vs. GRAKN.AI vs. Oracle vs. Tibero

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Redshift  Xexclude from comparisonGRAKN.AI  Xexclude from comparisonOracle  Xexclude from comparisonTibero  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionLarge scale data warehouse service for use with business intelligence toolsGrakn is a distributed, hyper-relational database for managing complex data that serves as a knowledge base for cognitive/AI systems.Widely used RDBMSA secure RDBMS, designed for easy portability from Oracle
Primary database modelRelational DBMSGraph DBMS
Relational DBMS infoOften described as a 'hyper-relational' database, since it implements the 'Entity-Relationship Paradigm' to manage complex data structures and ontologies.
Relational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
RDF store infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score20.97
Rank#32  Overall
#19  Relational DBMS
Score0.27
Rank#249  Overall
#19  Graph DBMS
#116  Relational DBMS
Score1344.75
Rank#1  Overall
#1  Relational DBMS
Score1.59
Rank#128  Overall
#63  Relational DBMS
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­redshiftgrakn.aiwww.oracle.com/­databasewww.tmaxsoft.com/­products/­tibero
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­redshiftdev.grakn.ai/­docsdocs.oracle.com/­en/­databasetechnet.tmaxsoft.com/­upload/­download/­online/­tibero/­pver-20150504-000002/­index.html
DeveloperAmazon (based on PostgreSQL)Grakn Labs LtdOracleTmaxSoft
Initial release2012201619802003
Current release1.6.2, January 202019c, February 20196, April 2015
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoGPL Version 3, commercial licenses availablecommercial inforestricted free version is availablecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageCJavaC and C++C and Assembler
Server operating systemshostedLinux
OS X
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyes infoSchemaless in JSON and XML columnsyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyesyes
Secondary indexesrestrictedyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infodoes not fully support an SQL-standardnoyes infowith proprietary extensionsyes
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
console (shell)
gRPC protocol
Workbase (visualisation software)
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
Tibero CLI
Supported programming languagesAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBCAll JVM based languages
Groovy
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Scala
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Cobol
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Fortran
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Objective C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Visual Basic
C
C#
C++
Cobol
Java
Objective-C
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions infoin PythonnoPL/SQL infoalso stored procedures in Java possiblePersistent Stored Procedure (PSM)
Triggersnonoyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingSharding infoby using Cassandrahorizontal partitioning infowith the optional Oracle Partitioninghorizontal partitioning infoby range, hash, list or composite
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesMaster-master replication infoby using CassandraMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
Master-master replication
Master-slave replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyes infoby using Apache Kafka and Apache Zookeeperno infocan be realized in PL/SQLno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoinformational only, not enforced by the systemno infosubstituted by the relationship featureyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID infoisolation level can be parameterizedACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesnoyes infoVersion 12c introduced the new option 'Oracle Database In-Memory'no infoplanned for next version
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardyes infoat REST API level; other APIs in progressfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard (SQL 92, SQL 99)
More information provided by the system vendor
Amazon RedshiftGRAKN.AIOracleTibero
Specific characteristicsGrakn is the knowledge graph to organise complex networks of data and making it queryable,...
» more
Oracle Database (commonly referred to as Oracle RDBMS or simply as Oracle) is a multi-model...
» more
Competitive advantagesExpressive and flexible data model: The meta-schema of Grakn allows for modelling...
» more
Typical application scenariosLife sciences : Grakn makes working with biological data much easier and accelerates...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsAGPL and Commercial . The commercial license is priced based on cluster resources...
» more
Oracle Database Cloud Services Customers can choose from a wide range of database...
» more

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Amazon RedshiftGRAKN.AIOracleTibero
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