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DBMS > Amazon Redshift vs. FoundationDB vs. TimescaleDB vs. XAP

System Properties Comparison Amazon Redshift vs. FoundationDB vs. TimescaleDB vs. XAP

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Redshift  Xexclude from comparisonFoundationDB  Xexclude from comparisonTimescaleDB  Xexclude from comparisonXAP  Xexclude from comparison
Created as commercial project in 2013, FoundationDB has been acquired by Apple in March 2015 and was withdrawn from the market. As a consequence, the product was removed from the DB-Engines ranking. In April 2018, Apple open-sourced FoundationDB and it therefore reappears in the ranking.
DescriptionLarge scale data warehouse service for use with business intelligence toolsOrdered key-value store. Core features are complimented by layers.A time series DBMS optimized for fast ingest and complex queries, based on PostgreSQLHigh performant in-memory data grid for mission critical applications. Insight Edge from the same company extends XAP for AI/ML support, BI and other interfaces
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument store infosupported via specific layer
Key-value store
Relational DBMS infosupported via specific SQL-layer
Time Series DBMSDocument store
Key-value store infoValues are user defined objects
Secondary database modelsRelational DBMSObject oriented DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score20.97
Rank#32  Overall
#19  Relational DBMS
Score0.94
Rank#161  Overall
#24  Document stores
#28  Key-value stores
#79  Relational DBMS
Score1.88
Rank#121  Overall
#8  Time Series DBMS
Score0.81
Rank#171  Overall
#27  Document stores
#30  Key-value stores
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­redshiftwww.foundationdb.orgwww.timescale.comwww.gigaspaces.com/­products/­xap
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­redshiftapple.github.io/­foundationdbdocs.timescale.comdocs.gigaspaces.com/­latest/­landing.html
DeveloperAmazon (based on PostgreSQL)FoundationDBTimescaleGigaspaces Technologies
Initial release2012201320172000
Current release6.2.11, November 201914.5.0, June 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoApache Version 2; Commercial licenses available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageCC++CJava, C++, .Net
Server operating systemshostedLinux
OS X
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux
macOS
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeyesschema-free infosome layers support schemasyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesno infosome layers support typingnumerics, strings, booleans, arrays, JSON blobs, geospatial dimensions, currencies, binary data, other complex data typesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesno infoXML can be used for describing objects metadata
Secondary indexesrestrictednoyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infodoes not fully support an SQL-standardsupported in specific SQL layer onlyyes infofull PostgreSQL SQL syntaxSQL-like query language and DML statements
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
GigaSpaces LRMI
Hibernate
JCache
JDBC
JPA
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data
Supported programming languagesAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBC.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
PHP
Python
Ruby
Swift
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
.Net
C++
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions infoin Pythonin SQL-layer onlyuser defined functions, PL/pgSQL, PL/Tcl, PL/Perl, PL/Python, PL/Java, PL/PHP, PL/R, PL/Ruby, PL/Scheme, PL/Unix shellyes
Triggersnonoyesyes infoEvent Listeners
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingyes, across time and space (hash partitioning) attributesSharding infoHash based
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesyesMaster-slave replication with hot standby and reads on slaves infoMaster-master replication infosynchronous or asynchronous
Master-slave replication infosynchronous or asynchronous
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononoyes infoMap-Reduce pattern can be built with XAP task executors
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyLinearizable consistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable: ALL, QUORUM, ANY
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoinformational only, not enforced by the systemin SQL-layer onlyyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesnoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardnofine grained access rights according to SQL-standardRole-based access control
More information provided by the system vendor
Amazon RedshiftFoundationDBTimescaleDBXAP
Specific characteristicsTimescaleDB is the first open-source time-series database that combines the reliability,...
» more
Competitive advantagesTimescaleDB is purpose-built to scale and handle time-series data workloads and is...
» more
Typical application scenariosIoT, Industrial Machine, and Sensor Data Various industrial IoT use cases across...
» more
Key customersAltair Engineering Inc., Bloomberg, Comcast, Cray, Cree, DNSFilter, Laika, LaunchDarkly,...
» more
Market metrics1.8 million+ downloads, 7,500+ Github stars
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsApache 2 and Timescale License (TSL); Product matrix here ; information on pricing...
» more

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
Amazon RedshiftFoundationDBTimescaleDBXAP
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