DB-EnginesInfluxDB download bannerEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > Amazon Redshift vs. FoundationDB vs. Oracle vs. TimescaleDB

System Properties Comparison Amazon Redshift vs. FoundationDB vs. Oracle vs. TimescaleDB

Please select another system to include it in the comparison.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Redshift  Xexclude from comparisonFoundationDB  Xexclude from comparisonOracle  Xexclude from comparisonTimescaleDB  Xexclude from comparison
Created as commercial project in 2013, FoundationDB has been acquired by Apple in March 2015 and was withdrawn from the market. As a consequence, the product was removed from the DB-Engines ranking. In April 2018, Apple open-sourced FoundationDB and it therefore reappears in the ranking.
DescriptionLarge scale data warehouse service for use with business intelligence toolsOrdered key-value store. Core features are complimented by layers.Widely used RDBMSA time series DBMS optimized for fast ingest and complex queries, based on PostgreSQL
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument store infosupported via specific layer
Key-value store
Relational DBMS infosupported via specific SQL-layer
Relational DBMSTime Series DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
RDF store infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
Relational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score22.41
Rank#29  Overall
#17  Relational DBMS
Score0.91
Rank#167  Overall
#26  Document stores
#31  Key-value stores
#80  Relational DBMS
Score1340.26
Rank#1  Overall
#1  Relational DBMS
Score2.32
Rank#110  Overall
#6  Time Series DBMS
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­redshiftwww.foundationdb.orgwww.oracle.com/­databasewww.timescale.com
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­redshiftapple.github.io/­foundationdbdocs.oracle.com/­en/­databasedocs.timescale.com
DeveloperAmazon (based on PostgreSQL)FoundationDBOracleTimescale
Initial release2012201319802017
Current release6.2.11, November 201919c, February 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageCC++C and C++C
Server operating systemshostedLinux
OS X
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
Linux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeyesschema-free infosome layers support schemasyes infoSchemaless in JSON and XML columnsyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesno infosome layers support typingyesnumerics, strings, booleans, arrays, JSON blobs, geospatial dimensions, currencies, binary data, other complex data types
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesyes
Secondary indexesrestrictednoyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infodoes not fully support an SQL-standardsupported in specific SQL layer onlyyes infowith proprietary extensionsyes infofull PostgreSQL SQL syntax
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languagesAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBC.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
PHP
Python
Ruby
Swift
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Cobol
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Fortran
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Objective C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Visual Basic
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions infoin Pythonin SQL-layer onlyPL/SQL infoalso stored procedures in Java possibleuser defined functions, PL/pgSQL, PL/Tcl, PL/Perl, PL/Python, PL/Java, PL/PHP, PL/R, PL/Ruby, PL/Scheme, PL/Unix shell
Triggersnonoyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardinghorizontal partitioning infowith the optional Oracle Partitioningyes, across time and space (hash partitioning) attributes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesyesMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
Master-slave replication with hot standby and reads on slaves info
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono infocan be realized in PL/SQLno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyLinearizable consistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoinformational only, not enforced by the systemin SQL-layer onlyyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID infoisolation level can be parameterizedACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes infoVersion 12c introduced the new option 'Oracle Database In-Memory'no
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardnofine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
Amazon RedshiftFoundationDBOracleTimescaleDB
Specific characteristicsOracle Database (commonly referred to as Oracle RDBMS or simply as Oracle) is a multi-model...
» more
Timescale is the creator of TimescaleDB , the first open-source time-series database...
» more
Competitive advantagesTimescaleDB is purpose-built to scale and handle time-series data workloads and is...
» more
Typical application scenariosIoT, Industrial Machine, and Sensor Data Various industrial IoT use cases across...
» more
Key customersComcast, Cray, Cree, DNSFilter, LAIKA, Nutanix, Sakura Internet, Schneider Electric,...
» more
Market metricsWith over 8.5K GitHub stars and growing, 1.8 million+ downloads, and an active Slack...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsOracle Database Cloud Services Customers can choose from a wide range of database...
» more
TimescaleDB comes in 3 versions, including a fully managed Cloud-hosted solution,...
» more

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesCData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
» more
Navicat for Oracle improves the efficiency and productivity of Oracle developers and administrators with a streamlined working environment.
» more

General SQL Parser: Instantly adding parsing, decoding, analysis and rewrite SQL processing capability to your products.
» more

DBHawk: Secure access to SQL, NoSQL and Cloud databases with an all-in-one solution.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Amazon RedshiftFoundationDBOracleTimescaleDB
DB-Engines blog posts

Cloud-based DBMS's popularity grows at high rates
12 December 2019, Paul Andlinger

The popularity of cloud-based DBMSs has increased tenfold in four years
7 February 2017, Matthias Gelbmann

Increased popularity for consuming DBMS services out of the cloud
2 October 2015, Paul Andlinger

show all

MySQL is the DBMS of the Year 2019
3 January 2020, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

The struggle for the hegemony in Oracle's database empire
2 May 2017, Paul Andlinger

Architecting eCommerce Platforms for Zero Downtime on Black Friday and Beyond
25 November 2016, Tony Branson (guest author)

show all

Recent citations in the news

Restrict Amazon Redshift Spectrum external table access to Amazon Redshift IAM users and groups using role chaining
6 July 2020, idk.dev

The fundamental issues with Amazon Redshift
30 June 2020, ITProPortal

Best practices for Amazon Redshift Federated Query
16 June 2020, idk.dev

Moovit embraces data lake architecture by extending their Amazon Redshift cluster to analyze billions of data points every day
24 June 2020, idk.dev

Infoworks DataFoundry Adds Amazon Redshift Support
18 June 2020, Business Wire

provided by Google News

FoundationDB, a very interesting NoSQL database owned by Apple, is now an open-source project
19 April 2018, GeekWire

Apple’s FoundationDB open sources the database layer behind CloudKit
14 January 2019, 9to5Mac

Apple Acquires Durable Database Company FoundationDB
24 March 2015, TechCrunch

FoundationDB's Record Layer Supports Relational Database Semantics, Schema Management and Indexing
10 February 2019, InfoQ.com

FoundationDB opens Apple's database sauce • DEVCLASS
15 January 2019, DevClass

provided by Google News

Oracle Autonomous Database Now Available In Customer Datacenters
9 July 2020, MarTech Series

Hey Larry Ellison: Top Microsoft Priority Is Replacing Oracle Databases
15 June 2020, Cloud Wars

Optimize Your Oracle Database for a Multi-cloud World
7 July 2020, ITPro Today

How Propre eases its database management woes
1 July 2020, ComputerWeekly.com

NoSQL Market to witness huge potential in future with key players: MongoDB, PostgreSQL, Oracle Database, MongoLab
11 July 2020, Jewish Life News

provided by Google News

TimescaleDB Delivers Another Option for Time-Series Analytics
17 October 2019, Datanami

TimescaleDB goes distributed; implements ‘Chunking’ over ‘Sharding’ for scaling-out
22 August 2019, Packt Hub

Timescale announces $15M investment and new enterprise version of TimescaleDB
29 January 2019, TechCrunch

The First Complete Life-Cycle Database Management Solution for TimescaleDB
16 April 2019, PRNewswire

TimescaleDB Readies its 1.0 Launch for Primetime
13 September 2018, RTInsights

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Amazon Redshift Development Manager
Amazon.com Services LLC, East Palo Alto, CA

Solutions Architect - Amazon Chime SDK
Amazon Web Services, Inc., Seattle, WA

Solutions Architect - Amazon Chime SDK
Amazon Web Services, Inc., East Palo Alto, CA

Data Engineer, Digital and Computational Pathology
Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY

Data Analyst 3
Nordstrom, Seattle, WA

Software Engineer - Platform Integration
ANDURIL INDUSTRIES, Irvine, CA

Data Scientist
Lucas Systems, Inc., Wexford, PA

Data Scientist
Lucas Systems, Wexford, PA

Software Engineer, Supply Chain Automation
Tesla, Fremont, CA

Senior Software Engineer - Streaming
Epic Games, Bellevue, WA

Oracle Database Administrator (DBA)
C3 Business Solutions, Newport Beach, CA

Oracle Database Programmer
Information Analysis, United States

SQL/Oracle DBA
Ace-stack LLC, Carson City, NV

Oracle Database Administrators
Extra-Net, Evanston, IL

Treasury Clerk I
Prince George's County Public Schools, Prince George's County, MD

Systems Engineer - Monitoring
RingCentral, Denver, CO

Systems Reliability Engineer
PacketFabric, United States

Senior Cloud Data Analyst
NVIDIA, Santa Clara, CA

Software Engineers Multiple Levels – Cloud Infrastructure Predictive Analytics
PCI, Fort Meade, MD

Software Engineer – Predictive Analytics
Aperio Global, LLC, Columbia, MD

jobs by Indeed




Share this page

Featured Products

AllegroGraph logo

Graph Database Leader for AI Knowledge Graph Applications - The Most Secure Graph Database Available.
Free Download

Datastax Astra logo

Cassandra made easy in the cloud. Build cloud-native applications faster with CQL, REST and GraphQL APIs.
Try for Free.

Neo4j logo

Get your free copy of the new O'Reilly book Graph Algorithms with 20+ examples for
machine learning, graph analytics and more.

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

Couchbase logo

SQL + JSON + NoSQL.
Power, flexibility & scale.
All open source.
Get started now.

Present your product here