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DBMS > Amazon Redshift vs. FoundationDB vs. Oracle vs. Realm vs. XAP

System Properties Comparison Amazon Redshift vs. FoundationDB vs. Oracle vs. Realm vs. XAP

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Redshift  Xexclude from comparisonFoundationDB  Xexclude from comparisonOracle  Xexclude from comparisonRealm  Xexclude from comparisonXAP  Xexclude from comparison
Created as commercial project in 2013, FoundationDB has been acquired by Apple in March 2015 and was withdrawn from the market. As a consequence, the product was removed from the DB-Engines ranking. In April 2018, Apple open-sourced FoundationDB and it therefore reappears in the ranking.
DescriptionLarge scale data warehouse service for use with business intelligence toolsOrdered key-value store. Core features are complimented by layers.Widely used RDBMSA DBMS built for use on mobile devices that’s a fast, easy to use alternative to SQLite and Core DataHigh performant in-memory data grid for mission critical applications. Insight Edge from the same company extends XAP for AI/ML support, BI and other interfaces
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument store infosupported via specific layer
Key-value store
Relational DBMS infosupported via specific SQL-layer
Relational DBMSDocument storeDocument store
Key-value store infoValues are user defined objects
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
RDF store infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
Object oriented DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score21.58
Rank#31  Overall
#19  Relational DBMS
Score0.86
Rank#161  Overall
#23  Document stores
#28  Key-value stores
#78  Relational DBMS
Score1346.68
Rank#1  Overall
#1  Relational DBMS
Score8.23
Rank#46  Overall
#8  Document stores
Score0.80
Rank#167  Overall
#26  Document stores
#30  Key-value stores
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­redshiftwww.foundationdb.orgwww.oracle.com/­databaserealm.iowww.gigaspaces.com/­products/­xap
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­redshiftapple.github.io/­foundationdbdocs.oracle.com/­en/­databaserealm.io/­docsdocs.gigaspaces.com/­latest/­landing.html
DeveloperAmazon (based on PostgreSQL)FoundationDBOracleRealm, acquired by MongoDB in May 2019Gigaspaces Technologies
Initial release20122013198020142000
Current release6.2.11, November 201919c, February 201914.5.0, June 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2; Commercial licenses available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageCC++C and C++Java, C++, .Net
Server operating systemshostedLinux
OS X
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
Android
Backend: server-less
iOS
Windows
Linux
macOS
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeyesschema-free infosome layers support schemasyes infoSchemaless in JSON and XML columnsyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesno infosome layers support typingyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesnono infoXML can be used for describing objects metadata
Secondary indexesrestrictednoyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infodoes not fully support an SQL-standardsupported in specific SQL layer onlyyes infowith proprietary extensionsnoSQL-like query language and DML statements
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
GigaSpaces LRMI
Hibernate
JCache
JDBC
JPA
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data
Supported programming languagesAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBC.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
PHP
Python
Ruby
Swift
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Cobol
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Fortran
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Objective C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Visual Basic
.Net
Java infowith Android only
Objective-C
React Native
Swift
.Net
C++
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions infoin Pythonin SQL-layer onlyPL/SQL infoalso stored procedures in Java possibleno inforuns within the applications so server-side scripts are unnecessaryyes
Triggersnonoyesyes infoChange Listenersyes infoEvent Listeners
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardinghorizontal partitioning infowith the optional Oracle PartitioningnoneSharding infoHash based
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesyesMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
noneMaster-master replication infosynchronous or asynchronous
Master-slave replication infosynchronous or asynchronous
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono infocan be realized in PL/SQLnoyes infoMap-Reduce pattern can be built with XAP task executors
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyLinearizable consistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable: ALL, QUORUM, ANY
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoinformational only, not enforced by the systemin SQL-layer onlyyesnono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID infoisolation level can be parameterizedACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes infoVersion 12c introduced the new option 'Oracle Database In-Memory'yes infoIn-Memory realmyes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardnofine grained access rights according to SQL-standardyesRole-based access control
More information provided by the system vendor
Amazon RedshiftFoundationDBOracleRealmXAP
Specific characteristicsOracle Database (commonly referred to as Oracle RDBMS or simply as Oracle) is a multi-model...
» more
Now a part of MongoDB Data Platform , Realm Database is the fast, easy to use, and...
» more
Competitive advantagesRealm ensures offline-first functionality, meaning apps run smoothly and deliver...
» more
Typical application scenariosMobile Consumer Apps First-Line Worker Apps
» more
Key customersCathay Pacific Royal Carribbean Cruise Lines Open Source Database powers apps built...
» more
Market metricsUsed by 100,000+ developers 2 bn installs Currently used in 40k+ applications in...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsOracle Database Cloud Services Customers can choose from a wide range of database...
» more
Realm database is licensed under the Apache License v2.0.
» more

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More resources
Amazon RedshiftFoundationDBOracleRealmXAP
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