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DBMS > Amazon Redshift vs. FoundationDB vs. Oracle vs. Oracle NoSQL vs. Redis

System Properties Comparison Amazon Redshift vs. FoundationDB vs. Oracle vs. Oracle NoSQL vs. Redis

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Redshift  Xexclude from comparisonFoundationDB  Xexclude from comparisonOracle  Xexclude from comparisonOracle NoSQL  Xexclude from comparisonRedis  Xexclude from comparison
Created as commercial project in 2013, FoundationDB has been acquired by Apple in March 2015 and was withdrawn from the market. As a consequence, the product was removed from the DB-Engines ranking. In April 2018, Apple open-sourced FoundationDB and it therefore reappears in the ranking.
DescriptionLarge scale data warehouse service for use with business intelligence toolsOrdered key-value store. Core features are complimented by layers.Widely used RDBMSKey-value store based on Berkeley DB Java EditionIn-memory data structure store, used as database, cache and message broker infoRedis focuses on performance so most of its design decisions prioritize high performance and very low latencies.
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument store infosupported via specific layer
Key-value store
Relational DBMS infosupported via specific SQL-layer
Relational DBMSKey-value storeKey-value store infoMultiple data types and a rich set of operations, as well as configurable data expiration, eviction and persistence
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
RDF store infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
Relational DBMSDocument store infowith Redis Modules
Graph DBMS infowith Redis Modules
Search engine infowith Redis Modules
Time Series DBMS infowith Redis Modules
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score21.58
Rank#31  Overall
#19  Relational DBMS
Score0.86
Rank#161  Overall
#23  Document stores
#28  Key-value stores
#78  Relational DBMS
Score1346.68
Rank#1  Overall
#1  Relational DBMS
Score3.62
Rank#79  Overall
#13  Key-value stores
Score148.75
Rank#8  Overall
#1  Key-value stores
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­redshiftwww.foundationdb.orgwww.oracle.com/­databasewww.oracle.com/­database/­nosql/­index.htmlredis.io
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­redshiftapple.github.io/­foundationdbdocs.oracle.com/­en/­databasedocs.oracle.com/­cd/­NOSQL/­index.htmlredis.io/­documentation
DeveloperAmazon (based on PostgreSQL)FoundationDBOracleOracleSalvatore Sanfilippo infoDevelopment sponsored by Redis Labs
Initial release20122013198020112009
Current release6.2.11, November 201919c, February 201919.5, November 20195.0.7, November 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoApache V2 for Community Edition, proprietary license for Enterprise EditionOpen Source infoBSD 3-Clause, commercial license available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageCC++C and C++JavaC
Server operating systemshostedLinux
OS X
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
Linux
Solaris SPARC/x86
BSD
Linux
OS X
Windows infoported and maintained by Microsoft Open Technologies, Inc.
Data schemeyesschema-free infosome layers support schemasyes infoSchemaless in JSON and XML columnsoptional, scheme definition possible with AVRO or in 'table-style'schema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesno infosome layers support typingyesoptionalpartial infoSupported data types are strings, hashes, lists, sets and sorted sets, bit arrays, hyperloglogs and geospatial indexes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesnono
Secondary indexesrestrictednoyesyesyes infowith RediSearch module
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infodoes not fully support an SQL-standardsupported in specific SQL layer onlyyes infowith proprietary extensionsSQL-like DML and DDL statementsno
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
RESTful HTTP APIproprietary protocol infoRESP - REdis Serialization Protocol
Supported programming languagesAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBC.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
PHP
Python
Ruby
Swift
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Cobol
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Fortran
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Objective C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Visual Basic
C
C#
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Crystal
D
Dart
Elixir
Erlang
Fancy
Go
Haskell
Haxe
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Lisp
Lua
MatLab
Objective-C
OCaml
Pascal
Perl
PHP
Prolog
Pure Data
Python
R
Rebol
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Scheme
Smalltalk
Swift
Tcl
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions infoin Pythonin SQL-layer onlyPL/SQL infoalso stored procedures in Java possiblenoLua
Triggersnonoyesnono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardinghorizontal partitioning infowith the optional Oracle PartitioningShardingSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesyesMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
Electable Master-Slave per shardMaster-slave replication infoChained replication is supported
Multi-master replication infowith Redis Enterprise Pack
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono infocan be realized in PL/SQLwith Hadoop integrationno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyLinearizable consistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infodepending on configuration
Eventual Consistency
Strong eventual consistency with CRDTs
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoinformational only, not enforced by the systemin SQL-layer onlyyesnono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID infoisolation level can be parameterizedconfigurable infoACID within a storage node (=shard)Optimistic locking, atomic execution of commands blocks and scripts
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes infoData access is serialized by the server
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes infoConfigurable mechanisms for persistency via snapshots and/or operations logs
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes infoVersion 12c introduced the new option 'Oracle Database In-Memory'yes infooff heap cacheyes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardnofine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users and rolesSimple password-based access control infoAccess control lists and SSL are available in the commercial version
More information provided by the system vendor
Amazon RedshiftFoundationDBOracleOracle NoSQLRedis
Specific characteristicsOracle Database (commonly referred to as Oracle RDBMS or simply as Oracle) is a multi-model...
» more
Oracle NoSQL Database is a scalable , distributed NoSQL database, designed to provide...
» more
Competitive advantagesData can be modeled as relational-database-style tables, JSON documents, RDF Triples...
» more
Typical application scenariosInternet of Things where large volume of data needs to be stored and processed very...
» more
Key customersLarge credit card company Airbus NTT Docomo Global rewards company
» more
Market metricsOracle NoSQL Database is used by hundreds of companies around the world. Oracle NoSQL...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsOracle Database Cloud Services Customers can choose from a wide range of database...
» more
Oracle NoSQL Database Enterprise Edition can be purchased under the Oracle Commercial...
» more

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
Amazon RedshiftFoundationDBOracleOracle NoSQLRedis
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