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DBMS > Amazon Redshift vs. FoundationDB vs. Oracle vs. Oracle NoSQL

System Properties Comparison Amazon Redshift vs. FoundationDB vs. Oracle vs. Oracle NoSQL

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Redshift  Xexclude from comparisonFoundationDB  Xexclude from comparisonOracle  Xexclude from comparisonOracle NoSQL  Xexclude from comparison
Created as commercial project in 2013, FoundationDB has been acquired by Apple in March 2015 and was withdrawn from the market. As a consequence, the product was removed from the DB-Engines ranking. In April 2018, Apple open-sourced FoundationDB and it therefore reappears in the ranking.
DescriptionLarge scale data warehouse service for use with business intelligence toolsOrdered key-value store. Core features are complimented by layers.Widely used RDBMSA multi-model, scalable, distributed NoSQL database, designed to provide highly reliable, flexible, and available data management across a configurable set of storage nodes
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument store infosupported via specific layer
Key-value store
Relational DBMS infosupported via specific SQL-layer
Relational DBMSDocument store
Key-value store
Relational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
RDF store infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score22.42
Rank#31  Overall
#18  Relational DBMS
Score1.18
Rank#158  Overall
#26  Document stores
#28  Key-value stores
#79  Relational DBMS
Score1325.60
Rank#1  Overall
#1  Relational DBMS
Score4.42
Rank#80  Overall
#13  Document stores
#13  Key-value stores
#44  Relational DBMS
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­redshiftwww.foundationdb.orgwww.oracle.com/­databasewww.oracle.com/­database/­technologies/­related/­nosql.html
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­redshiftapple.github.io/­foundationdbdocs.oracle.com/­en/­databasedocs.oracle.com/­en/­database/­other-databases/­nosql-database/­index.html
DeveloperAmazon (based on PostgreSQL)FoundationDBOracleOracle
Initial release2012201319802011
Current release6.2.28, November 202019c, February 201920.2, August 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoProprietary for Enterprise Edition (Oracle Database EE license has Oracle NoSQL database EE covered: details)
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageCC++C and C++Java
Server operating systemshostedLinux
OS X
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
Linux
Solaris SPARC/x86
Data schemeyesschema-free infosome layers support schemasyes infoSchemaless in JSON and XML columnsSupport Fixed schema and Schema-less deployment with the ability to interoperate between them.
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesno infosome layers support typingyesoptional
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesno
Secondary indexesrestrictednoyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infodoes not fully support an SQL-standardsupported in specific SQL layer onlyyes infowith proprietary extensionsSQL-like DML and DDL statements
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
RESTful HTTP API
Supported programming languagesAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBC.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
PHP
Python
Ruby
Swift
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Cobol
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Fortran
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Objective C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Visual Basic
C
C#
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions infoin Pythonin SQL-layer onlyPL/SQL infoalso stored procedures in Java possibleno
Triggersnonoyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardinghorizontal partitioning infowith the optional Oracle PartitioningSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesyesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Electable source-replica replication per shard. Support distributed global deployment with Multi-region table feature
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono infocan be realized in PL/SQLwith Hadoop integration
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyLinearizable consistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infodepending on configuration
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoinformational only, not enforced by the systemin SQL-layer onlyyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID infoisolation level can be parameterizedconfigurable infoACID within a storage node (=shard)
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes infoVersion 12c introduced the new option 'Oracle Database In-Memory'yes infooff heap cache
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardnofine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users and roles
More information provided by the system vendor
Amazon RedshiftFoundationDBOracleOracle NoSQL
Specific characteristicsOracle Database (commonly referred to as Oracle RDBMS or simply as Oracle) is a multi-model...
» more
Oracle NoSQL Database is designed for today’s most demanding applications that require...
» more
Competitive advantagesData can be modeled as relational-database-style tables, JSON documents, RDF Triples,...
» more
Typical application scenariosInternet of Things where a large volume of data needs to be stored and processed...
» more
Key customersLarge credit card company Airbus NTT Docomo Global rewards company
» more
Market metricsOracle NoSQL Database is used by hundreds of companies around the world. Oracle NoSQL...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsOracle Database Cloud Services Customers can choose from a wide range of database...
» more
Oracle NoSQL Database Enterprise Edition can be purchased under the Oracle Commercial...
» more

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More resources
Amazon RedshiftFoundationDBOracleOracle NoSQL
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