DB-EnginesCrateDB bannerEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > Amazon Redshift vs. FoundationDB vs. Neo4j vs. Oracle

System Properties Comparison Amazon Redshift vs. FoundationDB vs. Neo4j vs. Oracle

Please select another system to include it in the comparison.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Redshift  Xexclude from comparisonFoundationDB  Xexclude from comparisonNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonOracle  Xexclude from comparison
Created as commercial project in 2013, FoundationDB has been acquired by Apple in March 2015 and was withdrawn from the market. As a consequence, the product was removed from the DB-Engines ranking. In April 2018, Apple open-sourced FoundationDB and it therefore reappears in the ranking.
DescriptionLarge scale data warehouse service for use with business intelligence toolsOrdered key-value store. Core features are complimented by layers.Open source graph databaseWidely used RDBMS
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument store infosupported via specific layer
Key-value store
Relational DBMS infosupported via specific SQL-layer
Graph DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
RDF store infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score21.78
Rank#31  Overall
#19  Relational DBMS
Score0.86
Rank#165  Overall
#24  Document stores
#29  Key-value stores
#80  Relational DBMS
Score50.53
Rank#22  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score1336.07
Rank#1  Overall
#1  Relational DBMS
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­redshiftwww.foundationdb.orgneo4j.comwww.oracle.com/­database
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­redshiftapple.github.io/­foundationdbneo4j.com/­docsdocs.oracle.com/­en/­database
DeveloperAmazon (based on PostgreSQL)FoundationDBNeo4j, Inc.Oracle
Initial release2012201320071980
Current release6.1.11, July 20193.5.8, July 201919c, February 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availablecommercial inforestricted free version is available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageCC++Java, ScalaC and C++
Server operating systemshostedLinux
OS X
Windows
Linux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
Data schemeyesschema-free infosome layers support schemasschema-free and schema-optionalyes infoSchemaless in JSON and XML columns
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesno infosome layers support typingyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes
Secondary indexesrestrictednoyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Luceneyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infodoes not fully support an SQL-standardsupported in specific SQL layer onlynoyes infowith proprietary extensions
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
Bolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBC.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
PHP
Python
Ruby
Swift
.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Cobol
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Fortran
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Objective C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions infoin Pythonin SQL-layer onlyyes infoUser defined Procedures and FunctionsPL/SQL infoalso stored procedures in Java possible
Triggersnonoyes infovia event handleryes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingnonehorizontal partitioning infowith the optional Oracle Partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesyesCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version onlyMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono infocan be realized in PL/SQL
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyLinearizable consistencyCausal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoinformational only, not enforced by the systemin SQL-layer onlyyes infoRelationships in graphsyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDACID infoisolation level can be parameterized
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes infoVersion 12c introduced the new option 'Oracle Database In-Memory'
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardnoUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)fine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
Amazon RedshiftFoundationDBNeo4jOracle
Specific characteristicsNeo4j is a native graph database platform that is built to store, query, analyze...
» more
Oracle Database (commonly referred to as Oracle RDBMS or simply as Oracle) is a multi-model...
» more
Competitive advantagesNeo4j database is the only transactional database that combines everything you need...
» more
Typical application scenariosReal-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Key customersOver 300 commercial customers and over 750 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Market metricsNeo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than a 15 million...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
Oracle Database Cloud Services Customers can choose from a wide range of database...
» more
News

This Week in Neo4j – Neo4j Aura is Here, Graph Embeddings, Graph Modeling: All about relationships, Exploring Structural Balance
9 November 2019

Capturing Relationships: 5-Minute Interview with Forrest Swope
8 November 2019

Introducing Neo4j Aura: A New Graph Database as a Service
6 November 2019

Anti-Money Laundering Compliance with Graph Technology [Infographic]
5 November 2019

This Week in Neo4j – Graphs, AI, and ML: Q&A with Alicia Frame, Finding prices with Neo4j, Building a Knowledge Graph
2 November 2019

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesDremio is like magic for Redshift accelerating your analytical queries up to 1,000x.
» more

DBHawk: a web-based Amazon Redshift Workbench and Cloud database tool.
» more

CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
» more
Navicat for Oracle improves the efficiency and productivity of Oracle developers and administrators with a streamlined working environment.
» more

General SQL Parser: Instantly adding parsing, decoding, analysis and rewrite SQL processing capability to your products.
» more

DBHawk: a web-based Oracle database management and self-service BI software.
» more

Dremio is like magic for Oracle accelerating your analytical queries up to 1,000x.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Amazon RedshiftFoundationDBNeo4jOracle
DB-Engines blog posts

The popularity of cloud-based DBMSs has increased tenfold in four years
7 February 2017, Matthias Gelbmann

Increased popularity for consuming DBMS services out of the cloud
2 October 2015, Paul Andlinger

Amazon - the rising star in the DBMS market
3 August 2015, Matthias Gelbmann

show all

Applying Graph Analytics to Game of Thrones
12 June 2019, Amy Hodler & Mark Needham, Neo4j (guest author)

MySQL, PostgreSQL and Redis are the winners of the March ranking
2 March 2016, Paul Andlinger

The openCypher Project: Help Shape the SQL for Graphs
22 December 2015, Emil Eifrem (guest author)

show all

The struggle for the hegemony in Oracle's database empire
2 May 2017, Paul Andlinger

Architecting eCommerce Platforms for Zero Downtime on Black Friday and Beyond
25 November 2016, Tony Branson (guest author)

MySQL, PostgreSQL and Redis are the winners of the March ranking
2 March 2016, Paul Andlinger

show all

Conferences and events

GraphConnect 2020
New York, USA, 20-22 April 2020

Recent citations in the news

Orchestrate Amazon Redshift-Based ETL workflows with AWS Step Functions and AWS Glue
29 October 2019, idk.dev

Amazon Quits Oracle Database for Good
16 October 2019, SDxCentral

Amazon Migrates Away From Oracle DB
24 October 2019, iProgrammer

Amazon Pulls Plug on Oracle Databases
17 October 2019, EnterpriseAI

Joining across data sources on Amazon QuickSight
2 November 2019, idk.dev

provided by Google News

Apple’s FoundationDB open sources the database layer behind CloudKit
14 January 2019, 9to5Mac

FoundationDB's Record Layer Supports Relational Database Semantics, Schema Management and Indexing
10 February 2019, InfoQ.com

FoundationDB, a very interesting NoSQL database owned by Apple, is now an open-source project
19 April 2018, GeekWire

Apple's FoundationDB to use new Record Layer Open Source
15 January 2019, TheCryptoUpdates

FoundationDB Goes Open Source
23 April 2018, Datanami

provided by Google News

Neo4j introduces new cloud service to simplify building a graph database
6 November 2019, TechCrunch

Small or medium business? Neo4j wants to run a graph database for you in the cloud
7 November 2019, ZDNet

Neo4j is the Graph Database of Choice for World's Top Financial Services Organizations
22 October 2019, PRNewswire

Neo4j Unveils New Fully-Managed Graph Database Called Neo4j Aura
7 November 2019, Solutions Review

Neo4j introduces Aura, a new cloud service to supply a flexible, reliable and developer-friendly graph database
7 November 2019, Packt Hub

provided by Google News

What A Free Oracle Database Means To These 4 Developers
28 October 2019, Forbes

Amazon kisses last Oracle database goodbye, completes years-long migration
15 October 2019, CIO Dive

Rimini Street Announces Global Availability of Application Management Services for Oracle Database and Applications
8 November 2019, MarTech Series

What A Free Oracle Database Means To These Four Developers
31 October 2019, Techwire.net

Amazon's Multiyear Plan to Dump Oracle Is Complete
22 October 2019, Motley Fool

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

VP, Business Intelligence & Insight, HBO Max
HBO Max, Burbank, CA

VP, Business Intelligence & Insight, HBO Max
HBO Max, New York, NY

SQL SERVER (SQL) LEAD DATA ENGINEER/PRINCIPAL, # 10560
InspiHER Tech, Chicago, IL

Professional Services Consultant Intern - 2020 United States
Amazon.com Services, Inc., Seattle, WA

Backend Engineer: Learning Technologies & Author Team
Codecademy, New York, NY

Data Scientist
Lucas Systems, Wexford, PA

Data Engineer - App Discovery
Branch, Seattle, WA

Sr. Data Scientist - Knowledge
Branch, Redwood City, CA

Sr. Data Scientist - Monetization
Branch, Redwood City, CA

Data Scientist
Lucas Systems, Inc., Wexford, PA

Information Architect Lead
JP Morgan Chase, Plano, TX

Data Analytics Solutions Analyst - Junior
CACI, Washington, DC

VP / Director of Engineering
LogicGate, Chicago, IL

Vice President, Architecture
JP Morgan Chase, Plano, TX

Sr. Data Engineer
Starcom, Chicago, IL

Oracle Essbase Consultant / Architect
Decision Support Technology, Connecticut

OBIEE+ Consultant / Architect (Oracle Business Intelligence - Enterprise Edition + Hyperion Reports + Hyperion Analyzer)
Decision Support Technology, Connecticut

IT Specialist
US Department of Veterans Affairs, Seattle, WA

Sr Applications Engineer - Corporate Systems
California ISO, Folsom, CA

Database Analyst (Oracle)
IP Keys Technologies, Pentagon, DC

jobs by Indeed




Share this page

Featured Products

AllegroGraph logo

Graph Database Leader for AI Knowledge Graph Applications - The Most Secure Graph Database Available.
Free Download

Redis logo

Hosted, serverless DBaaS
in 3 steps.

30MB Free!
Start now.

Neo4j logo

Get your free copy of the new O'Reilly book Graph Algorithms with 20+ examples for
machine learning, graph analytics and more.


Datastax logo

Build data-driven applications that set the standard for performance, availability,
& scale with DataStax.
Learn more.

Couchbase logo

SQL + JSON + NoSQL.
Power, flexibility & scale.
All open source.
Get started now.

Present your product here