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DBMS > Amazon Redshift vs. FoundationDB vs. MonetDB vs. Nebula Graph

System Properties Comparison Amazon Redshift vs. FoundationDB vs. MonetDB vs. Nebula Graph

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Redshift  Xexclude from comparisonFoundationDB  Xexclude from comparisonMonetDB  Xexclude from comparisonNebula Graph  Xexclude from comparison
Created as commercial project in 2013, FoundationDB has been acquired by Apple in March 2015 and was withdrawn from the market. As a consequence, the product was removed from the DB-Engines ranking. In April 2018, Apple open-sourced FoundationDB and it therefore reappears in the ranking.
DescriptionLarge scale data warehouse service for use with business intelligence toolsOrdered key-value store. Core features are complimented by layers.A relational database management system that stores data in columnsA distributed, linear scalable, high perfomant Graph DBMS
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument store infosupported via specific layer
Key-value store
Relational DBMS infosupported via specific SQL-layer
Relational DBMSGraph DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score22.41
Rank#29  Overall
#17  Relational DBMS
Score0.91
Rank#167  Overall
#26  Document stores
#31  Key-value stores
#80  Relational DBMS
Score1.89
Rank#124  Overall
#61  Relational DBMS
Score0.30
Rank#250  Overall
#20  Graph DBMS
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­redshiftwww.foundationdb.orgwww.monetdb.orggithub.com/­vesoft-inc/­nebula
nebula-graph.io
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­redshiftapple.github.io/­foundationdbwww.monetdb.org/­Documentationdocs.nebula-graph.io
DeveloperAmazon (based on PostgreSQL)FoundationDBMonetDB BVVesoft Inc.
Initial release2012201320042019
Current release6.2.11, November 2019Jun2020, June 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoMozilla Public License 2.0Open Source infoApache Version 2.0 + Common Clause 1.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageCC++CC++
Server operating systemshostedLinux
OS X
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
Data schemeyesschema-free infosome layers support schemasyesStrong typed schema
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesno infosome layers support typingyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesrestrictednoyesyes infoNebula Graph internally uses the Key-Value store RocksDB for persistency. The vertices, edges, and their properties are stored as Key while their values are stored as Value. The primary indexes are per Key and secondary indexes are per Value.
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infodoes not fully support an SQL-standardsupported in specific SQL layer onlyyes infoSQL 2003 with some extensionsSQL-like query language
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
JDBC
native C library infoMAPI library (MonetDB application programming interface)
ODBC
Browser interface
console (shell)
Proprietary native API
Query language nGQL
Supported programming languagesAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBC.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
PHP
Python
Ruby
Swift
C
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
C++
Go
Java
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions infoin Pythonin SQL-layer onlyyes, in SQL, C, R
Triggersnonoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingSharding via remote tablesSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesyesnone infoMaster-slave replication available in experimental statusCausal Clustering using Raft protocol
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyLinearizable consistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoinformational only, not enforced by the systemin SQL-layer onlyyesyes infoRelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes infousing RocksDB
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardnofine grained access rights according to SQL-standardRole-based access control
More information provided by the system vendor
Amazon RedshiftFoundationDBMonetDBNebula Graph
Specific characteristicsColumn-store In-memory optimized GeoSpatial support JSON document support
» more
Nebula Graph is a truly distributed, linearly scalable, lightning-fast graph database,...
» more
Competitive advantagesScalable architecture - vertical data organization and in-memory optimization guarantee...
» more
Nebula Graph boasts the world's only graph database solution that is able to host...
» more
Typical application scenariosAnalytical database, Data warehouse, OLAP Data mining Scientific database
» more
Social networking Fraud detection Knowledge graph Data warehouse management Anti...
» more
Key customersNumascale , Spinque , SecurActive , CHS , NOZHUP
» more
Currently we have some top internet companies in China implementing Nebula Graph...
» more
Market metricsAt our very early stage, Nebula Graph has already received over nearly three thousand...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsFree and open-source software, Mozilla Public License 2.0 Commercial support available
» more
Nebula Graph is open source and free to use under Apache 2.0 license and Common Clause...
» more
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