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DBMS > Amazon Redshift vs. FoundationDB vs. Hive vs. Oracle vs. Oracle NoSQL

System Properties Comparison Amazon Redshift vs. FoundationDB vs. Hive vs. Oracle vs. Oracle NoSQL

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Redshift  Xexclude from comparisonFoundationDB  Xexclude from comparisonHive  Xexclude from comparisonOracle  Xexclude from comparisonOracle NoSQL  Xexclude from comparison
Created as commercial project in 2013, FoundationDB has been acquired by Apple in March 2015 and was withdrawn from the market. As a consequence, the product was removed from the DB-Engines ranking. In April 2018, Apple open-sourced FoundationDB and it therefore reappears in the ranking.
DescriptionLarge scale data warehouse service for use with business intelligence toolsOrdered key-value store. Core features are complimented by layers.data warehouse software for querying and managing large distributed datasets, built on HadoopWidely used RDBMSA multi-model, scalable, distributed NoSQL database, designed to provide highly reliable, flexible, and available data management across a configurable set of storage nodes
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument store infosupported via specific layer
Key-value store
Relational DBMS infosupported via specific SQL-layer
Relational DBMSRelational DBMSDocument store
Key-value store
Relational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
RDF store infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score22.92
Rank#29  Overall
#16  Relational DBMS
Score1.07
Rank#164  Overall
#27  Document stores
#29  Key-value stores
#82  Relational DBMS
Score70.43
Rank#16  Overall
#11  Relational DBMS
Score1322.93
Rank#1  Overall
#1  Relational DBMS
Score4.49
Rank#79  Overall
#13  Document stores
#13  Key-value stores
#43  Relational DBMS
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­redshiftwww.foundationdb.orghive.apache.orgwww.oracle.com/­databasewww.oracle.com/­database/­technologies/­related/­nosql.html
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­redshiftapple.github.io/­foundationdbcwiki.apache.org/­confluence/­display/­Hive/­Homedocs.oracle.com/­en/­databasedocs.oracle.com/­en/­database/­other-databases/­nosql-database/­index.html
DeveloperAmazon (based on PostgreSQL)FoundationDBApache Software Foundation infoinitially developed by FacebookOracleOracle
Initial release20122013201219802011
Current release6.2.28, November 20203.1.2, August 201919c, February 201920.2, August 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoApache Version 2commercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoProprietary for Enterprise Edition (Oracle Database EE license has Oracle NoSQL database EE covered: details)
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageCC++JavaC and C++Java
Server operating systemshostedLinux
OS X
Windows
All OS with a Java VMAIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
Linux
Solaris SPARC/x86
Data schemeyesschema-free infosome layers support schemasyesyes infoSchemaless in JSON and XML columnsSupport Fixed schema and Schema-less deployment with the ability to interoperate between them.
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesno infosome layers support typingyesyesoptional
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesno
Secondary indexesrestrictednoyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infodoes not fully support an SQL-standardsupported in specific SQL layer onlySQL-like DML and DDL statementsyes infowith proprietary extensionsSQL-like DML and DDL statements
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
Thrift
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
RESTful HTTP API
Supported programming languagesAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBC.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
PHP
Python
Ruby
Swift
C++
Java
PHP
Python
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Cobol
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Fortran
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Objective C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Visual Basic
C
C#
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions infoin Pythonin SQL-layer onlyyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reducePL/SQL infoalso stored procedures in Java possibleno
Triggersnononoyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingShardinghorizontal partitioning infowith the optional Oracle PartitioningSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesyesselectable replication factorMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Electable source-replica replication per shard. Support distributed global deployment with Multi-region table feature
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoyes infoquery execution via MapReduceno infocan be realized in PL/SQLwith Hadoop integration
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyLinearizable consistencyEventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infodepending on configuration
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoinformational only, not enforced by the systemin SQL-layer onlynoyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDnoACID infoisolation level can be parameterizedconfigurable infoACID within a storage node (=shard)
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes infoVersion 12c introduced the new option 'Oracle Database In-Memory'yes infooff heap cache
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardnoAccess rights for users, groups and rolesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users and roles

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