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DBMS > Amazon Redshift vs. FoundationDB vs. GridDB vs. Oracle vs. XAP

System Properties Comparison Amazon Redshift vs. FoundationDB vs. GridDB vs. Oracle vs. XAP

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Redshift  Xexclude from comparisonFoundationDB  Xexclude from comparisonGridDB  Xexclude from comparisonOracle  Xexclude from comparisonXAP  Xexclude from comparison
Created as commercial project in 2013, FoundationDB has been acquired by Apple in March 2015 and was withdrawn from the market. As a consequence, the product was removed from the DB-Engines ranking. In April 2018, Apple open-sourced FoundationDB and it therefore reappears in the ranking.
DescriptionLarge scale data warehouse service for use with business intelligence toolsOrdered key-value store. Core features are complimented by layers.Scalable in-memory time series database optimized for IoT and Big DataWidely used RDBMSHigh performant in-memory data grid for mission critical applications. Insight Edge from the same company extends XAP for AI/ML support, BI and other interfaces
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument store infosupported via specific layer
Key-value store
Relational DBMS infosupported via specific SQL-layer
Time Series DBMSRelational DBMSDocument store
Key-value store infoValues are user defined objects
Secondary database modelsKey-value store
Relational DBMS
Document store
Graph DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
RDF store infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
Object oriented DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score21.58
Rank#31  Overall
#19  Relational DBMS
Score0.86
Rank#161  Overall
#23  Document stores
#28  Key-value stores
#78  Relational DBMS
Score0.53
Rank#204  Overall
#11  Time Series DBMS
Score1346.68
Rank#1  Overall
#1  Relational DBMS
Score0.80
Rank#167  Overall
#26  Document stores
#30  Key-value stores
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­redshiftwww.foundationdb.orggriddb.netwww.oracle.com/­databasewww.gigaspaces.com/­products/­xap
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­redshiftapple.github.io/­foundationdbgriddb.net/­en/­docs/­documents/­1-1_what-is-griddb.phpdocs.oracle.com/­en/­databasedocs.gigaspaces.com/­latest/­landing.html
DeveloperAmazon (based on PostgreSQL)FoundationDBToshiba CorporationOracleGigaspaces Technologies
Initial release20122013201319802000
Current release6.2.11, November 20194.2, June 201919c, February 201914.5.0, June 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoAGPL version 3 and Apache License, version 2.0 , commercial license (standard and advanced editions) also availablecommercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoApache Version 2; Commercial licenses available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageCC++C++C and C++Java, C++, .Net
Server operating systemshostedLinux
OS X
Windows
LinuxAIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
Linux
macOS
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeyesschema-free infosome layers support schemasyesyes infoSchemaless in JSON and XML columnsschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesno infosome layers support typingyes infonumerical, string, blob, geometry, boolean, timestampyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyesno infoXML can be used for describing objects metadata
Secondary indexesrestrictednoyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infodoes not fully support an SQL-standardsupported in specific SQL layer onlySQL92 (advanced edition only), SQL-like TQL (Toshiba Query Language)yes infowith proprietary extensionsSQL-like query language and DML statements
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocolJDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
GigaSpaces LRMI
Hibernate
JCache
JDBC
JPA
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data
Supported programming languagesAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBC.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
PHP
Python
Ruby
Swift
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Cobol
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Fortran
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Objective C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Visual Basic
.Net
C++
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions infoin Pythonin SQL-layer onlynoPL/SQL infoalso stored procedures in Java possibleyes
Triggersnonoyesyesyes infoEvent Listeners
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingShardinghorizontal partitioning infowith the optional Oracle PartitioningSharding infoHash based
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesyesMaster-slave replicationMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
Master-master replication infosynchronous or asynchronous
Master-slave replication infosynchronous or asynchronous
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoConnector for using GridDB as an input source and output destination for Hadoop MapReduce jobsno infocan be realized in PL/SQLyes infoMap-Reduce pattern can be built with XAP task executors
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyLinearizable consistencyImmediate consistency within container, eventual consistency across containersImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable: ALL, QUORUM, ANY
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoinformational only, not enforced by the systemin SQL-layer onlynoyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID at container levelACID infoisolation level can be parameterizedACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyesyes infoVersion 12c introduced the new option 'Oracle Database In-Memory'yes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardnoAccess rights for users can be defined per databasefine grained access rights according to SQL-standardRole-based access control
More information provided by the system vendor
Amazon RedshiftFoundationDBGridDBOracleXAP
Specific characteristicsGridDB is a highly scalable, in-memory time series database optimized for IoT and...
» more
Oracle Database (commonly referred to as Oracle RDBMS or simply as Oracle) is a multi-model...
» more
Competitive advantages1. Optimized for IoT Equipped with Toshiba's proprietary key-container data model...
» more
Typical application scenariosFactory IoT, Automative Industry, Energy, BEMS, Smart Community, Monitoring system.
» more
Key customersDenso International [see use case ] An Electric Power company [see use case ] Ishinomaki...
» more
Market metricsGitHub trending repository
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsOpen Source license (AGPL v3 & Apache v2) Commercial license (subscription)
» more
Oracle Database Cloud Services Customers can choose from a wide range of database...
» more

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
Amazon RedshiftFoundationDBGridDBOracleXAP
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