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DBMS > Amazon Redshift vs. FoundationDB vs. Google Cloud Spanner vs. Oracle vs. XAP

System Properties Comparison Amazon Redshift vs. FoundationDB vs. Google Cloud Spanner vs. Oracle vs. XAP

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Redshift  Xexclude from comparisonFoundationDB  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Spanner  Xexclude from comparisonOracle  Xexclude from comparisonXAP  Xexclude from comparison
Created as commercial project in 2013, FoundationDB has been acquired by Apple in March 2015 and was withdrawn from the market. As a consequence, the product was removed from the DB-Engines ranking. In April 2018, Apple open-sourced FoundationDB and it therefore reappears in the ranking.
DescriptionLarge scale data warehouse service for use with business intelligence toolsOrdered key-value store. Core features are complimented by layers.A horizontally scalable, globally consistent, relational database service. It is the externalization of the core Google database that runs the biggest aspects of Google, like Ads and Google Play.Widely used RDBMSHigh performant in-memory data grid for mission critical applications. Insight Edge from the same company extends XAP for AI/ML support, BI and other interfaces
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument store infosupported via specific layer
Key-value store
Relational DBMS infosupported via specific SQL-layer
Relational DBMSRelational DBMSDocument store
Key-value store infoValues are user defined objects
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
RDF store infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
Object oriented DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score21.58
Rank#31  Overall
#19  Relational DBMS
Score0.86
Rank#161  Overall
#23  Document stores
#28  Key-value stores
#78  Relational DBMS
Score1.93
Rank#113  Overall
#55  Relational DBMS
Score1346.68
Rank#1  Overall
#1  Relational DBMS
Score0.80
Rank#167  Overall
#26  Document stores
#30  Key-value stores
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­redshiftwww.foundationdb.orgcloud.google.com/­spannerwww.oracle.com/­databasewww.gigaspaces.com/­products/­xap
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­redshiftapple.github.io/­foundationdbcloud.google.com/­spanner/­docsdocs.oracle.com/­en/­databasedocs.gigaspaces.com/­latest/­landing.html
DeveloperAmazon (based on PostgreSQL)FoundationDBGoogleOracleGigaspaces Technologies
Initial release20122013201719802000
Current release6.2.11, November 201919c, February 201914.5.0, June 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercialcommercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoApache Version 2; Commercial licenses available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnoyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageCC++C and C++Java, C++, .Net
Server operating systemshostedLinux
OS X
Windows
hostedAIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
Linux
macOS
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeyesschema-free infosome layers support schemasyesyes infoSchemaless in JSON and XML columnsschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesno infosome layers support typingyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyesno infoXML can be used for describing objects metadata
Secondary indexesrestrictednoyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infodoes not fully support an SQL-standardsupported in specific SQL layer onlyyes infoQuery statements complying to ANSI 2011yes infowith proprietary extensionsSQL-like query language and DML statements
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
JDBC infoAt present, JDBC supports read-only queries. No support for DDL or DML statements.
RESTful HTTP API
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
GigaSpaces LRMI
Hibernate
JCache
JDBC
JPA
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data
Supported programming languagesAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBC.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
PHP
Python
Ruby
Swift
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Cobol
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Fortran
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Objective C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Visual Basic
.Net
C++
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions infoin Pythonin SQL-layer onlynoPL/SQL infoalso stored procedures in Java possibleyes
Triggersnononoyesyes infoEvent Listeners
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingShardinghorizontal partitioning infowith the optional Oracle PartitioningSharding infoHash based
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesyesMaster-Master replication with 3 replicas for regional instances.Master-master replication
Master-slave replication
Master-master replication infosynchronous or asynchronous
Master-slave replication infosynchronous or asynchronous
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoyes infousing Google Cloud Dataflowno infocan be realized in PL/SQLyes infoMap-Reduce pattern can be built with XAP task executors
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyLinearizable consistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable: ALL, QUORUM, ANY
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoinformational only, not enforced by the systemin SQL-layer onlyyes infoby using interleaved tables, this features focuses more on performance improvements than on referential integrityyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID infoStrict serializable isolationACID infoisolation level can be parameterizedACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesnoyes infoVersion 12c introduced the new option 'Oracle Database In-Memory'yes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardnoAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)fine grained access rights according to SQL-standardRole-based access control
More information provided by the system vendor
Amazon RedshiftFoundationDBGoogle Cloud SpannerOracleXAP
Specific characteristicsOracle Database (commonly referred to as Oracle RDBMS or simply as Oracle) is a multi-model...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsOracle Database Cloud Services Customers can choose from a wide range of database...
» more

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More resources
Amazon RedshiftFoundationDBGoogle Cloud SpannerOracleXAP
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