DB-EnginesExtremeDB: the first and only COTS deterministic embedded database management system for mission- and safety-critical hard real-time applicationsEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > Amazon Redshift vs. FoundationDB vs. Google Cloud Firestore vs. TigerGraph vs. TinkerGraph

System Properties Comparison Amazon Redshift vs. FoundationDB vs. Google Cloud Firestore vs. TigerGraph vs. TinkerGraph

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Redshift  Xexclude from comparisonFoundationDB  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Firestore  Xexclude from comparisonTigerGraph  Xexclude from comparisonTinkerGraph  Xexclude from comparison
Created as commercial project in 2013, FoundationDB has been acquired by Apple in March 2015 and was withdrawn from the market. As a consequence, the product was removed from the DB-Engines ranking. In April 2018, Apple open-sourced FoundationDB and it therefore reappears in the ranking.
DescriptionLarge scale data warehouse service for use with business intelligence toolsOrdered key-value store. Core features are complimented by layers.Cloud Firestore is an auto-scaling document database for storing, syncing, and querying data for mobile and web apps. It offers seamless integration with other Firebase and Google Cloud Platform products.A complete, distributed, parallel graph computing platform supporting web-scale data analytics in real-timeA lightweight, in-memory graph engine that serves as a reference implementation of the TinkerPop3 API
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument store infosupported via specific layer
Key-value store
Relational DBMS infosupported via specific SQL-layer
Document storeGraph DBMSGraph DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score25.85
Rank#31  Overall
#18  Relational DBMS
Score1.29
Rank#152  Overall
#26  Document stores
#28  Key-value stores
#72  Relational DBMS
Score8.92
Rank#52  Overall
#9  Document stores
Score2.02
Rank#120  Overall
#9  Graph DBMS
Score0.12
Rank#306  Overall
#29  Graph DBMS
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­redshiftwww.foundationdb.orgfirebase.google.com/­products/­firestorewww.tigergraph.comtinkerpop.apache.org/­docs/­current/­reference/­#tinkergraph-gremlin
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­redshiftapple.github.io/­foundationdbfirebase.google.com/­docs/­firestoredocs.tigergraph.com
DeveloperAmazon (based on PostgreSQL)FoundationDBGoogle
Initial release20122013201720172009
Current release6.2.28, November 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercialcommercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnoyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageCC++C++Java
Server operating systemshostedLinux
OS X
Windows
hostedLinux
Data schemeyesschema-free infosome layers support schemasschema-freeyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesno infosome layers support typingyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononono
Secondary indexesrestrictednoyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infodoes not fully support an SQL-standardsupported in specific SQL layer onlynoSQL-like query language (GSQL)no
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
Android
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
GSQL (TigerGraph Query Language)
Kafka
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
TinkerPop 3
Supported programming languagesAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBC.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
PHP
Python
Ruby
Swift
Go
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
Python
C++
Java
Groovy
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions infoin Pythonin SQL-layer onlyyes, Firebase Rules & Cloud Functionsyesno
Triggersnonoyes, with Cloud Functionsnono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingShardingnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesyesMulti-source replicationnone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoUsing Cloud Dataflowyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyLinearizable consistencyImmediate Consistencynone
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoinformational only, not enforced by the systemin SQL-layer onlynoyes infoRelationships in graphsyes infoRelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDyesACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesno
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesoptional
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesnoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardnoAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management. Security Rules for 3rd party authentication using Firebase Auth.Role-based access controlno
More information provided by the system vendor
Amazon RedshiftFoundationDBGoogle Cloud FirestoreTigerGraphTinkerGraph
Specific characteristicsTigerGraph is a native graph database, with massively parallel processing and fully...
» more
Competitive advantagesTigerGraph is the fastest and most scalable graph platform, powered by a native parallel...
» more
Typical application scenariosAnti Money Laundering Real-Time Fraud Detection Customer 360 Real-Time Personalized...
» more
Key customersFour out of the top five global banks use TigerGraph for real-time fraud detection....
» more
Market metricsANALYST RESEARCH Nov 2020: TigerGraph Named A Leader For Graph Data Platforms - TigerGraph...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsTry TigerGraph for Free in the Cloud or On Prem https://www.tigergraph.com/get-tigergraph/...
» more

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesSQLFlow: Provides a visual representation of the overall flow of data. Automated SQL data lineage analysis across Databases, ETL, Business Intelligence, Cloud and Hadoop environments by parsing SQL Script and stored procedure.
» more

DBHawk: Secure access to SQL, NoSQL and Cloud databases with an all-in-one solution.
» more

CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Amazon RedshiftFoundationDBGoogle Cloud FirestoreTigerGraphTinkerGraph
DB-Engines blog posts

Cloud-based DBMS's popularity grows at high rates
12 December 2019, Paul Andlinger

The popularity of cloud-based DBMSs has increased tenfold in four years
7 February 2017, Matthias Gelbmann

Increased popularity for consuming DBMS services out of the cloud
2 October 2015, Paul Andlinger

show all

Cloud-based DBMS's popularity grows at high rates
12 December 2019, Paul Andlinger

show all

Recent citations in the news

upGrad shifts majority of its IT infrastructure to Amazon Web Services
25 January 2022, Economic Times

Serverless at re:Invent: Where should Amazon Redshift go?
6 December 2021, ZDNet

AWS Introduces Amazon Redshift Serverless
1 December 2021, InfoQ.com

Amplitude : Announcing Amplitude's Integr... Luke Kline
25 January 2022, Marketscreener.com

Location, location, location: how the cloud handles geospatial data
4 January 2022, The Register

provided by Google News

Apple Acquires Durable Database Company FoundationDB
24 March 2015, TechCrunch

FoundationDB, a very interesting NoSQL database owned by Apple, is now an open-source project
19 April 2018, GeekWire

Apple’s FoundationDB open sources the database layer behind CloudKit
14 January 2019, 9to5Mac

Apple Open Sources FoundationDB
19 April 2018, MacRumors

FoundationDB's Record Layer Supports Relational Database Semantics, Schema Management and Indexing
10 February 2019, InfoQ.com

provided by Google News

SD Times news digest: Google adds Firebase extension for Google Pay; Facebook develops self-supervised algorithm; AppFire acquires Numbered Headings
21 January 2022, SDTimes.com

Google Prediction Framework addresses data pipeline drudgery
5 January 2022, InfoWorld

Google Announces Framework For Data Science Predictions
13 January 2022, iProgrammer

Data 2022 outlook, part one: Will data clouds get easier? Will streaming get off its own island?
3 January 2022, ZDNet

Google’s Cloud Firestore NoSQL database hits general availability
31 January 2019, TechCrunch

provided by Google News

TigerGraph appoints Harry Powell as Head of Industry Solutions to develop targeted vertical solutions for customers and partners
19 January 2022, GlobeNewswire

An Exclusive Interview with Kushal Bhanshali, India Country Manager of TigerGraph
31 December 2021, Analytics Insight

TigerGraph seeks to democratize graph databases
5 October 2021, VentureBeat

TigerGraph expands its graph data library with 20 new algorithms
11 November 2021, VentureBeat

TigerGraph Appoints Pekka Kostamaa as Vice President of
9 December 2021, GlobeNewswire

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Software Development Engineer - Amazon Redshift Query Processing, Query Processing
Amazon.com Services LLC, Boston, MA

Performance Engineer - Amazon Redshift
Amazon Web Services, Inc., Boston, MA

AWS Database Services SDE, Amazon Redshift
Amazon.com Services LLC, East Palo Alto, CA

Database Engineer - AWS, Amazon Redshift
Amazon Web Services, Inc., New York, NY

Associate Professional Services
Amazon Web Services, Inc., Dallas, TX

Front End Developer
Kiswe, New Providence, NJ

Backend Engineer
Descartes Labs, Remote

Full-Stack Engineer
ManageXR, San Francisco, CA

Senior Full Stack Developer
Ipsos North America, Chicago, IL

Android Architecture
CGT, Remote

Technical Support Engneer. (East Coast) -Remote
TigerGraph, Georgia

Sales Development Representative I
TigerGraph, Colorado

Vice President of Marketing
TigerGraph, California

Global Controller
TigerGraph, California

Technical Support Engineer. (Central -Remote)
TigerGraph, Texas

jobs by Indeed



Share this page

Featured Products

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

Neo4j logo

See for yourself how a graph database can make your life easier.
Use Neo4j online for free.

AllegroGraph logo

Graph Database Leader for AI Knowledge Graph Applications - The Most Secure Graph Database Available.
Free Download

Datastax Astra logo

Build cloud-native apps fast with Astra, the open-source, multi-cloud stack for
modern data apps.
Get started with 80GB free.

Couchbase logo

The modern database for enterprise applications. Build fast. Scale Big. Save more.
Get started today.

Present your product here