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DBMS > Amazon Redshift vs. Firebird vs. FoundationDB vs. Oracle vs. XAP

System Properties Comparison Amazon Redshift vs. Firebird vs. FoundationDB vs. Oracle vs. XAP

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Redshift  Xexclude from comparisonFirebird  Xexclude from comparisonFoundationDB  Xexclude from comparisonOracle  Xexclude from comparisonXAP  Xexclude from comparison
Created as commercial project in 2013, FoundationDB has been acquired by Apple in March 2015 and was withdrawn from the market. As a consequence, the product was removed from the DB-Engines ranking. In April 2018, Apple open-sourced FoundationDB and it therefore reappears in the ranking.
DescriptionLarge scale data warehouse service for use with business intelligence toolsFirebird is an open source RDBMS forked from Borland's InterBaseOrdered key-value store. Core features are complimented by layers.Widely used RDBMSHigh performant in-memory data grid for mission critical applications. Insight Edge from the same company extends XAP for AI/ML support, BI and other interfaces
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSDocument store infosupported via specific layer
Key-value store
Relational DBMS infosupported via specific SQL-layer
Relational DBMSDocument store
Key-value store infoValues are user defined objects
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
RDF store infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
Object oriented DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score21.58
Rank#31  Overall
#19  Relational DBMS
Score22.55
Rank#30  Overall
#18  Relational DBMS
Score0.86
Rank#161  Overall
#23  Document stores
#28  Key-value stores
#78  Relational DBMS
Score1346.68
Rank#1  Overall
#1  Relational DBMS
Score0.80
Rank#167  Overall
#26  Document stores
#30  Key-value stores
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­redshiftwww.firebirdsql.orgwww.foundationdb.orgwww.oracle.com/­databasewww.gigaspaces.com/­products/­xap
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­redshiftwww.firebirdsql.org/­en/­reference-manualsapple.github.io/­foundationdbdocs.oracle.com/­en/­databasedocs.gigaspaces.com/­latest/­landing.html
DeveloperAmazon (based on PostgreSQL)Firebird FoundationFoundationDBOracleGigaspaces Technologies
Initial release20122000 infoAs fork of Borland's InterBase201319802000
Current release3.0.5, January 20206.2.11, November 201919c, February 201914.5.0, June 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoInitial Developer's Public LicenseOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoApache Version 2; Commercial licenses available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageCC and C++C++C and C++Java, C++, .Net
Server operating systemshostedAIX
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
server-less infoFirebird Embedded Server
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
Linux
macOS
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeyesyesschema-free infosome layers support schemasyes infoSchemaless in JSON and XML columnsschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesno infosome layers support typingyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesno infoXML can be used for describing objects metadata
Secondary indexesrestrictedyesnoyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infodoes not fully support an SQL-standardyessupported in specific SQL layer onlyyes infowith proprietary extensionsSQL-like query language and DML statements
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
C/C++ API
JDBC infoJaybird
ODBC
OLE DB
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
GigaSpaces LRMI
Hibernate
JCache
JDBC
JPA
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data
Supported programming languagesAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBCC
C#
C++
Delphi
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Lua
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
PHP
Python
Ruby
Swift
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Cobol
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Fortran
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Objective C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Visual Basic
.Net
C++
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions infoin PythonPSQLin SQL-layer onlyPL/SQL infoalso stored procedures in Java possibleyes
Triggersnoyesnoyesyes infoEvent Listeners
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingnoneShardinghorizontal partitioning infowith the optional Oracle PartitioningSharding infoHash based
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesnone infoavailable via 3rd party productsyesMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
Master-master replication infosynchronous or asynchronous
Master-slave replication infosynchronous or asynchronous
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono infocan be realized in PL/SQLyes infoMap-Reduce pattern can be built with XAP task executors
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyLinearizable consistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable: ALL, QUORUM, ANY
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoinformational only, not enforced by the systemyesin SQL-layer onlyyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDACID infoisolation level can be parameterizedACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infoFeatures a multi-generational MVCC architecture, readers do not block writersyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes infoVersion 12c introduced the new option 'Oracle Database In-Memory'yes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardUsers with fine-grained authorization conceptnofine grained access rights according to SQL-standardRole-based access control
More information provided by the system vendor
Amazon RedshiftFirebirdFoundationDBOracleXAP
Specific characteristicsOracle Database (commonly referred to as Oracle RDBMS or simply as Oracle) is a multi-model...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsOracle Database Cloud Services Customers can choose from a wide range of database...
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More resources
Amazon RedshiftFirebirdFoundationDBOracleXAP
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