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DBMS > Amazon Redshift vs. Firebase Realtime Database vs. Impala vs. Oracle vs. Tibero

System Properties Comparison Amazon Redshift vs. Firebase Realtime Database vs. Impala vs. Oracle vs. Tibero

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Redshift  Xexclude from comparisonFirebase Realtime Database  Xexclude from comparisonImpala  Xexclude from comparisonOracle  Xexclude from comparisonTibero  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionLarge scale data warehouse service for use with business intelligence toolsCloud-hosted realtime document store. iOS, Android, and JavaScript clients share one Realtime Database instance and automatically receive updates with the newest data.Analytic DBMS for HadoopWidely used RDBMSA secure RDBMS, designed for easy portability from Oracle
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument storeRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument storeDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
RDF store infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score21.58
Rank#31  Overall
#19  Relational DBMS
Score12.28
Rank#39  Overall
#7  Document stores
Score16.03
Rank#36  Overall
#22  Relational DBMS
Score1346.68
Rank#1  Overall
#1  Relational DBMS
Score1.58
Rank#125  Overall
#61  Relational DBMS
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­redshiftfirebase.google.com/­products/­realtime-databasewww.cloudera.com/­products/­open-source/­apache-hadoop/­impala.htmlwww.oracle.com/­databasewww.tmaxsoft.com/­products/­tibero
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­redshiftfirebase.google.com/­docs/­databasewww.cloudera.com/­documentation/­enterprise/­latest/­topics/­impala.htmldocs.oracle.com/­en/­databasetechnet.tmaxsoft.com/­upload/­download/­online/­tibero/­pver-20150504-000002/­index.html
DeveloperAmazon (based on PostgreSQL)Google infoacquired by Google 2014ClouderaOracleTmaxSoft
Initial release20122012201319802003
Current release3.3.0, August 201919c, February 20196, April 2015
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialcommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2commercial inforestricted free version is availablecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesyesnonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageCC++C and C++C and Assembler
Server operating systemshostedhostedLinuxAIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeyesschema-freeyesyes infoSchemaless in JSON and XML columnsyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononoyesyes
Secondary indexesrestrictedyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infodoes not fully support an SQL-standardnoSQL-like DML and DDL statementsyes infowith proprietary extensionsyes
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
Android
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
JDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
Tibero CLI
Supported programming languagesAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBCJava
JavaScript
Objective-C
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBCC
C#
C++
Clojure
Cobol
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Fortran
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Objective C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Visual Basic
C
C#
C++
Cobol
Java
Objective-C
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions infoin Pythonlimited functionality with using 'rules'yes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reducePL/SQL infoalso stored procedures in Java possiblePersistent Stored Procedure (PSM)
TriggersnoCallbacks are triggered when data changesnoyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardinghorizontal partitioning infowith the optional Oracle Partitioninghorizontal partitioning infoby range, hash, list or composite
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesselectable replication factorMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
Master-master replication
Master-slave replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoyes infoquery execution via MapReduceno infocan be realized in PL/SQLno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency infoif the client is offline
Immediate Consistency infoif the client is online
Eventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoinformational only, not enforced by the systemnonoyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDyesnoACID infoisolation level can be parameterizedACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesnoyes infoVersion 12c introduced the new option 'Oracle Database In-Memory'no infoplanned for next version
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardyes, based on authentication and database rulesAccess rights for users, groups and roles infobased on Apache Sentry and Kerberosfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard (SQL 92, SQL 99)
More information provided by the system vendor
Amazon RedshiftFirebase Realtime DatabaseImpalaOracleTibero
Specific characteristicsOracle Database (commonly referred to as Oracle RDBMS or simply as Oracle) is a multi-model...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsOracle Database Cloud Services Customers can choose from a wide range of database...
» more

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More resources
Amazon RedshiftFirebase Realtime DatabaseImpalaOracleTibero
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