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DBMS > Amazon Redshift vs. Firebase Realtime Database vs. Graphite vs. Microsoft Access

System Properties Comparison Amazon Redshift vs. Firebase Realtime Database vs. Graphite vs. Microsoft Access

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Redshift  Xexclude from comparisonFirebase Realtime Database  Xexclude from comparisonGraphite  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Access  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionLarge scale data warehouse service for use with business intelligence toolsCloud-hosted realtime document store. iOS, Android, and JavaScript clients share one Realtime Database instance and automatically receive updates with the newest data.Data logging and graphing tool for time series data infoThe storage layer (fixed size database) is called WhisperMicrosoft Access combines a backend RDBMS (JET / ACE Engine) with a GUI frontend for data manipulation and queries. infoThe Access frontend is often used for accessing other datasources (DBMS, Excel, etc.)
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument storeTime Series DBMSRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score25.85
Rank#31  Overall
#18  Relational DBMS
Score19.36
Rank#36  Overall
#5  Document stores
Score5.58
Rank#70  Overall
#4  Time Series DBMS
Score128.95
Rank#9  Overall
#6  Relational DBMS
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­redshiftfirebase.google.com/­products/­realtime-databasegithub.com/­graphite-project/­graphite-webwww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­microsoft-365/­access
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­redshiftfirebase.google.com/­docs/­databasegraphite.readthedocs.iodeveloper.microsoft.com/­en-us/­access
DeveloperAmazon (based on PostgreSQL)Google infoacquired by Google 2014Chris DavisMicrosoft
Initial release2012201220061992
Current release1902 (16.0.11328.20222), March 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialcommercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercial infoBundled with Microsoft Office
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageCPythonC++
Server operating systemshostedhostedLinux
Unix
Windows infoNot a real database server, but making use of DLLs
Data schemeyesschema-freeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesNumeric data onlyyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesrestrictedyesnoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infodoes not fully support an SQL-standardnonoyes infobut not compliant to any SQL standard
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
Android
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
HTTP API
Sockets
ADO.NET
DAO
ODBC
OLE DB
Supported programming languagesAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBCJava
JavaScript
Objective-C
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
C
C#
C++
Delphi
Java (JDBC-ODBC)
VBA
Visual Basic.NET
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions infoin Pythonlimited functionality with using 'rules'noyes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-engine
TriggersnoCallbacks are triggered when data changesnoyes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-engine
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingnonenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesnonenone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency infoif the client is offline
Immediate Consistency infoif the client is online
none
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoinformational only, not enforced by the systemnonoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDyesnoACID infobut no files for transaction logging
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes infolockingyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes infobut no files for transaction logging
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardyes, based on authentication and database rulesnono infoa simple user-level security was built in till version Access 2003

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More resources
Amazon RedshiftFirebase Realtime DatabaseGraphiteMicrosoft Access
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