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DBMS > Amazon Redshift vs. Elasticsearch vs. Impala vs. JSqlDb vs. Oracle

System Properties Comparison Amazon Redshift vs. Elasticsearch vs. Impala vs. JSqlDb vs. Oracle

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Redshift  Xexclude from comparisonElasticsearch  Xexclude from comparisonImpala  Xexclude from comparisonJSqlDb  Xexclude from comparisonOracle  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionLarge scale data warehouse service for use with business intelligence toolsA distributed, RESTful modern search and analytics engine based on Apache Lucene infoElasticsearch lets you perform and combine many types of searches such as structured, unstructured, geo, and metricAnalytic DBMS for HadoopJavaScript Query Language Database, stores JavaScript objects and primitivesWidely used RDBMS
Primary database modelRelational DBMSSearch engineRelational DBMSDocument store
Object oriented DBMS
Relational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument storeDocument storeDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
RDF store infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score23.01
Rank#30  Overall
#17  Relational DBMS
Score150.50
Rank#8  Overall
#1  Search engines
Score15.15
Rank#37  Overall
#22  Relational DBMS
Score0.00
Rank#340  Overall
#46  Document stores
#20  Object oriented DBMS
Score1369.36
Rank#1  Overall
#1  Relational DBMS
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­redshiftwww.elastic.co/­elasticsearchwww.cloudera.com/­products/­open-source/­apache-hadoop/­impala.htmljsqldb.orgwww.oracle.com/­database
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­redshiftwww.elastic.co/­guide/­en/­elasticsearch/­reference/­current/­index.htmldocs.cloudera.com/­documentation/­enterprise/­latest/­topics/­impala.htmldocs.oracle.com/­en/­database
DeveloperAmazon (based on PostgreSQL)ElasticClouderaKonrad von BackstromOracle
Initial release20122010201320181980
Current release7.8.0, June 20203.3.0, August 20190.8, December 201819c, February 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2; Elastic LicenseOpen Source infoApache Version 2Open Sourcecommercial inforestricted free version is available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Elasticsearch Service on Elastic Cloud: Try out the official hosted Elasticsearch and Kibana offering available on Amazon Web Services, Google Cloud and Microsoft Azure that's powered by the creators of Elasticsearch.
Implementation languageCJavaC++C and C++
Server operating systemshostedAll OS with a Java VMLinuxLinux
macOS
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
Data schemeyesschema-free infoFlexible type definitions. Once a type is defined, it is persistentyesschema-freeyes infoSchemaless in JSON and XML columns
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesnoyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonononoyes
Secondary indexesrestrictedyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexedyesnoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infodoes not fully support an SQL-standardSQL-like query languageSQL-like DML and DDL statementsnoyes infowith proprietary extensions
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
JDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
Supported programming languagesAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBC.Net
Groovy
Community Contributed Clients
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBCJavaScriptC
C#
C++
Clojure
Cobol
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Fortran
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Objective C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions infoin Pythonyesyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reducefunctions in JavaScriptPL/SQL infoalso stored procedures in Java possible
Triggersnoyes infoby using the 'percolation' featurenonoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingShardingnonehorizontal partitioning infowith the optional Oracle Partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesyesselectable replication factornoneMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoES-Hadoop Connectoryes infoquery execution via MapReducenono infocan be realized in PL/SQL
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency infoSynchronous doc based replication. Get by ID may show delays up to 1 sec. Configurable write consistency: one, quorum, allEventual ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoinformational only, not enforced by the systemnononoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnonoACID infoisolation level can be parameterized
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes infousing RocksDByes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesMemcached and Redis integrationnoyes infoVersion 12c introduced the new option 'Oracle Database In-Memory'
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users, groups and roles infobased on Apache Sentry and Kerberosfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
Amazon RedshiftElasticsearchImpalaJSqlDbOracle
Specific characteristicsElasticsearch is an open source search and analytics engine. As the heart of the...
» more
Oracle Database (commonly referred to as Oracle RDBMS or simply as Oracle) is a multi-model...
» more
Competitive advantagesOpen source Real-time indexsearch, and analysis Horizontally scalable Distributed...
» more
Typical application scenariosEnterprise search (search experiences for your workplace, apps, and websites), observability...
» more
Key customersThousands of organizations worldwide, including Cisco, eBay, Goldman Sachs, Microsoft,...
» more
Market metricsPublic as of October 2018 Distributed workforce with 1900+ employees around the globe​...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsThe Elastic Stack (Elasticsearch, Kibana, Beats, and Logstash) is free and open source...
» more
Oracle Database Cloud Services Customers can choose from a wide range of database...
» more

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General SQL Parser: Instantly adding parsing, decoding, analysis and rewrite SQL processing capability to your products.
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More resources
Amazon RedshiftElasticsearchImpalaJSqlDbOracle
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