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DBMS > Amazon Redshift vs. Dgraph vs. FoundationDB vs. NuoDB

System Properties Comparison Amazon Redshift vs. Dgraph vs. FoundationDB vs. NuoDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Redshift  Xexclude from comparisonDgraph  Xexclude from comparisonFoundationDB  Xexclude from comparisonNuoDB  Xexclude from comparison
Created as commercial project in 2013, FoundationDB has been acquired by Apple in March 2015 and was withdrawn from the market. As a consequence, the product was removed from the DB-Engines ranking. In April 2018, Apple open-sourced FoundationDB and it therefore reappears in the ranking.
DescriptionLarge scale data warehouse service for use with business intelligence toolsDistributed and scalable native Graph DBMSOrdered key-value store. Core features are complimented by layers.NuoDB is a webscale distributed database that supports SQL and ACID transactions
Primary database modelRelational DBMSGraph DBMSDocument store infosupported via specific layer
Key-value store
Relational DBMS infosupported via specific SQL-layer
Relational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score24.27
Rank#32  Overall
#18  Relational DBMS
Score1.74
Rank#129  Overall
#11  Graph DBMS
Score1.35
Rank#146  Overall
#24  Document stores
#28  Key-value stores
#72  Relational DBMS
Score1.07
Rank#168  Overall
#83  Relational DBMS
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­redshiftdgraph.iowww.foundationdb.orgnuodb.com
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­redshiftdgraph.io/­docsapple.github.io/­foundationdbdoc.nuodb.com
DeveloperAmazon (based on PostgreSQL)Dgraph Labs, Inc.FoundationDBNuoDB, Inc.
Initial release2012201620132013
Current release6.2.28, November 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoApache 2.0commercial infolimited edition free
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageCGoC++C++
Server operating systemshostedLinux
OS X
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
hosted infoAmazon EC2, Windows Azure, SoftLayer
Linux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeyesschema-freeschema-free infosome layers support schemasyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesno infosome layers support typingyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesrestrictedyesnoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infodoes not fully support an SQL-standardnosupported in specific SQL layer onlyyes
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
GraphQL query language
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HTTP API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBCC#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
PHP
Python
Ruby
Swift
.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions infoin Pythonnoin SQL-layer onlyJava, SQL
Triggersnononoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingyesShardingdata is dynamically stored/cached on the nodes where it is read/written
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesSynchronous replication via Raftyesyes infoManaged transparently by NuoDB
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyLinearizable consistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoinformational only, not enforced by the systemnoin SQL-layer onlyyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDACID infotunable commit protocol
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes infoMVCC
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes infoTemporary table
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardno infoPlanned for future releasesnoStandard SQL roles/ privileges, Administrative Users
More information provided by the system vendor
Amazon RedshiftDgraphFoundationDBNuoDB
Competitive advantagesHorizontally scalable transactional graph database with fast arbitrary-depth joins...
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More resources
Amazon RedshiftDgraphFoundationDBNuoDB
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