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DBMS > Amazon Redshift vs. Dgraph vs. EsgynDB vs. Microsoft Azure SQL Database vs. NuoDB

System Properties Comparison Amazon Redshift vs. Dgraph vs. EsgynDB vs. Microsoft Azure SQL Database vs. NuoDB

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Redshift  Xexclude from comparisonDgraph  Xexclude from comparisonEsgynDB  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL Azure  Xexclude from comparisonNuoDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionLarge scale data warehouse service for use with business intelligence toolsDistributed and scalable native Graph DBMSEnterprise-class SQL-on-Hadoop solution, powered by Apache TrafodionDatabase as a Service offering with high compatibility to Microsoft SQL ServerNuoDB is a webscale distributed database that supports SQL and ACID transactions
Primary database modelRelational DBMSGraph DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score23.86
Rank#32  Overall
#18  Relational DBMS
Score1.81
Rank#127  Overall
#10  Graph DBMS
Score0.27
Rank#274  Overall
#127  Relational DBMS
Score78.26
Rank#15  Overall
#10  Relational DBMS
Score1.10
Rank#167  Overall
#84  Relational DBMS
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­redshiftdgraph.iowww.esgyn.cnazure.microsoft.com/­en-us/­services/­sql-databasenuodb.com
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­redshiftdgraph.io/­docsdocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­azure-sqldoc.nuodb.com
DeveloperAmazon (based on PostgreSQL)Dgraph Labs, Inc.EsgynMicrosoftNuoDB, Inc.
Initial release20122016201520102013
Current releaseV12
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercialcommercialcommercial infolimited edition free
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnonoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageCGoC++, JavaC++C++
Server operating systemshostedLinux
OS X
Windows
Linuxhostedhosted infoAmazon EC2, Windows Azure, SoftLayer
Linux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeyesschema-freeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononoyesno
Secondary indexesrestrictedyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infodoes not fully support an SQL-standardnoyesyesyes
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
GraphQL query language
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HTTP API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBCC#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBC/ADO.Net.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions infoin PythonnoJava Stored ProceduresTransact SQLJava, SQL
Triggersnononoyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingyesShardingdata is dynamically stored/cached on the nodes where it is read/written
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesSynchronous replication via RaftMulti-source replication between multi datacentersyes, with always 3 replicas availableyes infoManaged transparently by NuoDB
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoyesnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoinformational only, not enforced by the systemnoyesyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDACIDACID infotunable commit protocol
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes infoMVCC
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesnoyes infoTemporary table
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardno infoPlanned for future releasesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardStandard SQL roles/ privileges, Administrative Users
More information provided by the system vendor
Amazon RedshiftDgraphEsgynDBMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL AzureNuoDB
Competitive advantagesHorizontally scalable transactional graph database with fast arbitrary-depth joins...
» more

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
Amazon RedshiftDgraphEsgynDBMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL AzureNuoDB
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