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DBMS > Amazon Redshift vs. Datomic vs. RethinkDB vs. RocksDB

System Properties Comparison Amazon Redshift vs. Datomic vs. RethinkDB vs. RocksDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Redshift  Xexclude from comparisonDatomic  Xexclude from comparisonRethinkDB  Xexclude from comparisonRocksDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionLarge scale data warehouse service for use with business intelligence toolsDatomic builds on immutable values, supports point-in-time queries and uses 3rd party systems for durabilityDBMS for the Web with a mechanism to push updated query results to applications in realtime.Embeddable persistent key-value store optimized for fast storage (flash and RAM)
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSDocument storeKey-value store
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score23.53
Rank#32  Overall
#18  Relational DBMS
Score1.93
Rank#120  Overall
#59  Relational DBMS
Score3.23
Rank#90  Overall
#16  Document stores
Score3.44
Rank#88  Overall
#14  Key-value stores
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­redshiftwww.datomic.comrethinkdb.comrocksdb.org
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­redshiftdocs.datomic.comrethinkdb.com/­docsgithub.com/­facebook/­rocksdb/­wiki
DeveloperAmazon (based on PostgreSQL)CognitectThe Linux Foundation infosince July 2017Facebook, Inc.
Initial release2012201220092013
Current release0.9.5951, July 20192.4.1, August 20206.20.3, May 2021
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercial infolimited edition freeOpen Source infoApache Version 2Open Source infoBSD
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageCJava, ClojureC++C++
Server operating systemshostedAll OS with a Java VMLinux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeyesyesschema-freeschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes infostring, binary, float, bool, date, geometryno
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononono
Secondary indexesrestrictedyesyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infodoes not fully support an SQL-standardnonono
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP APIC++ API
Java API
Supported programming languagesAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBCClojure
Java
C infocommunity-supported driver
C# infocommunity-supported driver
C++ infocommunity-supported driver
Clojure infocommunity-supported driver
Dart infocommunity-supported driver
Erlang infocommunity-supported driver
Go infocommunity-supported driver
Haskell infocommunity-supported driver
Java infoofficial driver
JavaScript (Node.js) infoofficial driver
Lisp infocommunity-supported driver
Lua infocommunity-supported driver
Objective-C infocommunity-supported driver
Perl infocommunity-supported driver
PHP infocommunity-supported driver
Python infoofficial driver
Ruby infoofficial driver
Scala infocommunity-supported driver
C++
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions infoin Pythonyes infoTransaction Functionsno
TriggersnoBy using transaction functionsClient-side triggers through changefeedsno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingnone infoBut extensive use of caching in the application peersSharding inforange basednone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesnone infoBut extensive use of caching in the application peersSource-replica replicationnone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoinformational only, not enforced by the systemnonono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDAtomic single-document operationsyes
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes infoMVCC basedyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infousing external storage systems (e.g. Cassandra, DynamoDB, PostgreSQL, Couchbase and others)yesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes inforecommended only for testing and developmentnoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardnoyes infousers and table-level permissionsno

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More resources
Amazon RedshiftDatomicRethinkDBRocksDB
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