DB-EnginesExtremeDB Active Replication featuresEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > Amazon Redshift vs. Datomic vs. NSDb vs. RethinkDB vs. Virtuoso

System Properties Comparison Amazon Redshift vs. Datomic vs. NSDb vs. RethinkDB vs. Virtuoso

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Redshift  Xexclude from comparisonDatomic  Xexclude from comparisonNSDb  Xexclude from comparisonRethinkDB  Xexclude from comparisonVirtuoso  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionLarge scale data warehouse service for use with business intelligence toolsDatomic builds on immutable values, supports point-in-time queries and uses 3rd party systems for durabilityScalable, High-performance Time Series DBMS designed for Real-time Analytics on top of KubernetesDBMS for the Web with a mechanism to push updated query results to applications in realtime.Virtuoso is a multi-model hybrid-RDBMS that supports management of data represented as relational tables and/or property graphs
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSTime Series DBMSDocument storeDocument store
Graph DBMS
Native XML DBMS
Relational DBMS
RDF store
Search engine
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMSSpatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score23.64
Rank#32  Overall
#18  Relational DBMS
Score1.96
Rank#119  Overall
#58  Relational DBMS
Score0.00
Rank#350  Overall
#31  Time Series DBMS
Score3.51
Rank#89  Overall
#15  Document stores
Score3.69
Rank#86  Overall
#14  Document stores
#5  Graph DBMS
#2  Native XML DBMS
#47  Relational DBMS
#2  RDF stores
#9  Search engines
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­redshiftwww.datomic.comnsdb.iorethinkdb.comvirtuoso.openlinksw.com
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­redshiftdocs.datomic.comnsdb.io/­Architecturerethinkdb.com/­docsdocs.openlinksw.com/­virtuoso
DeveloperAmazon (based on PostgreSQL)CognitectThe Linux Foundation infosince July 2017OpenLink Software
Initial release20122012201720091998
Current release0.9.5951, July 20192.4.1, August 202008.03.3316, March 2020
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercial infolimited edition freeOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0Open Source infoApache Version 2Open Source infoGPLv2, extended commercial license available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageCJava, ClojureJava, ScalaC++C
Server operating systemshostedAll OS with a Java VMLinux
macOS
Linux
OS X
Windows
AIX
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeyesyesschema-freeyes infoSQL - Standard relational schema
RDF - Quad (S, P, O, G) or Triple (S, P, O)
XML - DTD, XML Schema
DAV - freeform filesystem objects, plus User Defined Types a/k/a Dynamic Extension Type
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes: int, bigint, decimal, stringyes infostring, binary, float, bool, date, geometryyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonononoyes
Secondary indexesrestrictedyesall fields are automatically indexedyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infodoes not fully support an SQL-standardnoSQL-like query languagenoyes infoSQL-92, SQL-200x, SQL-3, SQLX
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP APIgRPC
HTTP REST
WebSocket
ADO.NET
GeoSPARQL
HTTP API
JDBC
Jena RDF API
ODBC
OLE DB
RDF4J API
RESTful HTTP API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SOAP webservices
SPARQL 1.1
WebDAV
XPath
XQuery
XSLT
Supported programming languagesAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBCClojure
Java
Java
Scala
C infocommunity-supported driver
C# infocommunity-supported driver
C++ infocommunity-supported driver
Clojure infocommunity-supported driver
Dart infocommunity-supported driver
Erlang infocommunity-supported driver
Go infocommunity-supported driver
Haskell infocommunity-supported driver
Java infoofficial driver
JavaScript (Node.js) infoofficial driver
Lisp infocommunity-supported driver
Lua infocommunity-supported driver
Objective-C infocommunity-supported driver
Perl infocommunity-supported driver
PHP infocommunity-supported driver
Python infoofficial driver
Ruby infoofficial driver
Scala infocommunity-supported driver
.Net
C
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions infoin Pythonyes infoTransaction Functionsnoyes infoVirtuoso PL
TriggersnoBy using transaction functionsClient-side triggers through changefeedsyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingnone infoBut extensive use of caching in the application peersShardingSharding inforange basedyes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesnone infoBut extensive use of caching in the application peersSource-replica replicationChain, star, and bi-directional replication
Multi-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononoyesyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoinformational only, not enforced by the systemnononoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDnoAtomic single-document operationsACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes infoMVCC basedyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infousing external storage systems (e.g. Cassandra, DynamoDB, PostgreSQL, Couchbase and others)Using Apache Luceneyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes inforecommended only for testing and developmentnoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardnoyes infousers and table-level permissionsFine-grained Attribute-Based Access Control (ABAC) in addition to typical coarse-grained Role-Based Access Control (RBAC) according to SQL-standard. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)
More information provided by the system vendor
Amazon RedshiftDatomicNSDbRethinkDBVirtuoso
Specific characteristicsVirtuoso is a modern multi-model RDBMS for managing data represented as tabular relations...
» more
Competitive advantagesPerformance & Scale — as exemplified by DBpedia and the LOD Cloud it spawned, i.e.,...
» more
Typical application scenariosUsed for — Analytics/BI Conceptual Data Virtualization Enterprise Knowledge Graphs...
» more
Key customersBroad use across enterprises and governments including — European Union (EU) US Government...
» more
Market metricsLargest installed-base ​of Multi-Model RDBMS for AI-friendly Knowledge Graphs Platform...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsAvailable in both Commercial Enterprise and Open Source (GPL v2) Editions Feature...
» more

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesCData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
» more

DBHawk: Secure access to SQL, NoSQL and Cloud databases with an all-in-one solution.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Amazon RedshiftDatomicNSDbRethinkDBVirtuoso
DB-Engines blog posts

Cloud-based DBMS's popularity grows at high rates
12 December 2019, Paul Andlinger

The popularity of cloud-based DBMSs has increased tenfold in four years
7 February 2017, Matthias Gelbmann

Increased popularity for consuming DBMS services out of the cloud
2 October 2015, Paul Andlinger

show all

Meet some database management systems you are likely to hear more about in the future
4 August 2014, Paul Andlinger

show all

Recent citations in the news

Amazon AWS launches Redshift ML to let developers train models with SQL
27 May 2021, VentureBeat

Merkle Achieves Amazon Redshift Service Delivery Designation
15 June 2021, Business Wire

Amazon Redshift ML Now Generally Available
2 June 2021, iProgrammer

Amazon Redshift ML available: train and operate machine learning models on Redshift data • DEVCLASS
28 May 2021, DevClass

Amazon Launches Redshift ML To Train Models Using SQL Amazon recently announced the general availability of
3 June 2021, Analytics India Magazine

provided by Google News

Brazil's Nubank Acquires US Software Firm Cognitect
30 July 2020, Nearshore Americas

Nubank buys firm behind Clojure programming language
28 July 2020, Finextra

Fintech Powerhouse Nubank Buys U.S. Software Firm Cognitect
23 July 2020, Bloomberg

Latin American banking giant Nubank snaps up US software company
24 July 2020, AltFi

These are the top 25 people who will have the most influence in tech this year, according to a survey of over
24 July 2019, Business Insider India

provided by Google News

NoSQL Database Software Market Growth, Trends, Forecasts, and COVID-19 Impact (2021)
23 June 2021, Illinoisnewstoday.com

NoSQL Databases Software Market Report Future Prospects, Growth, Outlook and Forecast 2021-2027| SQL-RD, RethinkDB, Redis, RavenDB – The Manomet Current
29 May 2021, The Manomet Current

Open Source Software Market 2021: Global Industry Size and Growth Opportunities to 2027 | Market Players: Intel, Epson, IBM, Transcend, Oracle, Acquia, OpenText, Alfresco, Astaro, RethinkDB, Canonical, ClearCenter, Cleversafe, Compiere, Continuent… –
25 June 2021, New Mexico Tribune

NoSQL Databases Software Market Size and Growth 2021-2028 | Top Vendors – MongoDB, Amazon, ArangoDB, Azure Cosmos DB, Couchbase, MarkLogic, RethinkDB, CouchDB – KSU | The Sentinel Newspaper
20 June 2021, KSU | The Sentinel Newspaper

NoSQL Databases Software Market Innovative Strategy by 2028 | MongoDB, Amazon, ArangoDB, Azure Cosmos DB – The Courier
28 May 2021, The Courier

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Software Development Engineer - Amazon Redshift Query Processing
Amazon.com Services LLC, Seattle, WA

Software Development Manager - Amazon Redshift
Amazon Web Services, Inc., Austin, TX

Sr. Software Development Engineer - Amazon Redshift Query Processing
Amazon Web Services, Inc., Boston, MA

Software Development Engineer II - Amazon Redshift Concurrency Scaling
Amazon Web Services, Inc., Seattle, WA

Software Development Manager - Amazon Redshift
Amazon Web Services, Inc., Seattle, WA

Sr. iOS Engineer
Client Resources, Inc., Lincoln, NE

Software Engineer, Internal Systems
EARNEST RESEARCH, Remote

LISP/Clojure Software Engineer
Adaxa Technologies, Fort Lauderdale, FL

Data Platform Engineer
Analytical Flavor Systems, Inc, Remote

Software Development Manager (Clojure/Datomic)
ThorTech Solutions, Remote

jobs by Indeed




Share this page

Featured Products

Vertica logo

The fastest unified analytical warehouse at extreme scale with in-database Machine Learning. Try Vertica for free with no time limit.

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

Neo4j logo

Get your free copy of the new O'Reilly book Graph Algorithms with 20+ examples for
machine learning, graph analytics and more.

Datastax Astra logo

Build cloud-native apps fast with Astra, the open-source, multi-cloud stack for
modern data apps.
Get started with 5 GB free..

Couchbase logo

SQL + JSON + NoSQL.
Power, flexibility & scale.
All open source.
Get started now.

Present your product here