DB-EnginesExtremeDB Active Replication featuresEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > Amazon Redshift vs. Datomic vs. NSDb vs. RethinkDB vs. TypeDB

System Properties Comparison Amazon Redshift vs. Datomic vs. NSDb vs. RethinkDB vs. TypeDB

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Redshift  Xexclude from comparisonDatomic  Xexclude from comparisonNSDb  Xexclude from comparisonRethinkDB  Xexclude from comparisonTypeDB infoformerly named Grakn  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionLarge scale data warehouse service for use with business intelligence toolsDatomic builds on immutable values, supports point-in-time queries and uses 3rd party systems for durabilityScalable, High-performance Time Series DBMS designed for Real-time Analytics on top of KubernetesDBMS for the Web with a mechanism to push updated query results to applications in realtime.TypeDB is a distributed, hyper-relational database for managing complex data that serves as a knowledge base for cognitive/AI systems.
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSTime Series DBMSDocument storeGraph DBMS
Relational DBMS infoOften described as a 'hyper-relational' database, since it implements the 'Entity-Relationship Paradigm' to manage complex data structures and ontologies.
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score23.64
Rank#32  Overall
#18  Relational DBMS
Score1.96
Rank#119  Overall
#58  Relational DBMS
Score0.00
Rank#350  Overall
#31  Time Series DBMS
Score3.51
Rank#89  Overall
#15  Document stores
Score0.81
Rank#192  Overall
#17  Graph DBMS
#94  Relational DBMS
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­redshiftwww.datomic.comnsdb.iorethinkdb.comgrakn.ai
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­redshiftdocs.datomic.comnsdb.io/­Architecturerethinkdb.com/­docsdocs.vaticle.com
DeveloperAmazon (based on PostgreSQL)CognitectThe Linux Foundation infosince July 2017Grakn Labs / Vaticle
Initial release20122012201720092016
Current release0.9.5951, July 20192.4.1, August 20202.0, April 2021
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercial infolimited edition freeOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0Open Source infoApache Version 2Open Source infoGPL Version 3, commercial licenses available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageCJava, ClojureJava, ScalaC++Java
Server operating systemshostedAll OS with a Java VMLinux
macOS
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeyesyesschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes: int, bigint, decimal, stringyes infostring, binary, float, bool, date, geometryyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonononono
Secondary indexesrestrictedyesall fields are automatically indexedyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infodoes not fully support an SQL-standardnoSQL-like query languagenono
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP APIgRPC
HTTP REST
WebSocket
console (shell)
gRPC protocol
Workbase (visualisation software)
Supported programming languagesAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBCClojure
Java
Java
Scala
C infocommunity-supported driver
C# infocommunity-supported driver
C++ infocommunity-supported driver
Clojure infocommunity-supported driver
Dart infocommunity-supported driver
Erlang infocommunity-supported driver
Go infocommunity-supported driver
Haskell infocommunity-supported driver
Java infoofficial driver
JavaScript (Node.js) infoofficial driver
Lisp infocommunity-supported driver
Lua infocommunity-supported driver
Objective-C infocommunity-supported driver
Perl infocommunity-supported driver
PHP infocommunity-supported driver
Python infoofficial driver
Ruby infoofficial driver
Scala infocommunity-supported driver
All JVM based languages
Groovy
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions infoin Pythonyes infoTransaction Functionsnono
TriggersnoBy using transaction functionsClient-side triggers through changefeedsno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingnone infoBut extensive use of caching in the application peersShardingSharding inforange basedSharding infoby using Cassandra
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesnone infoBut extensive use of caching in the application peersSource-replica replicationMulti-source replication infoby using Cassandra
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononoyesyes infoby using Apache Kafka and Apache Zookeeper
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoinformational only, not enforced by the systemnononono infosubstituted by the relationship feature
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDnoAtomic single-document operationsACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes infoMVCC basedyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infousing external storage systems (e.g. Cassandra, DynamoDB, PostgreSQL, Couchbase and others)Using Apache Luceneyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes inforecommended only for testing and developmentnono
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardnoyes infousers and table-level permissionsyes infoat REST API level; other APIs in progress
More information provided by the system vendor
Amazon RedshiftDatomicNSDbRethinkDBTypeDB infoformerly named Grakn
Specific characteristicsGrakn is the knowledge graph to organise complex networks of data and making it queryable,...
» more
Competitive advantagesExpressive and flexible data model: The meta-schema of Grakn allows for modelling...
» more
Typical application scenariosLife sciences : Grakn makes working with biological data much easier and accelerates...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsAGPL and Commercial . The commercial license is priced based on cluster resources...
» more

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesCData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
» more

DBHawk: Secure access to SQL, NoSQL and Cloud databases with an all-in-one solution.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Amazon RedshiftDatomicNSDbRethinkDBTypeDB infoformerly named Grakn
DB-Engines blog posts

Cloud-based DBMS's popularity grows at high rates
12 December 2019, Paul Andlinger

The popularity of cloud-based DBMSs has increased tenfold in four years
7 February 2017, Matthias Gelbmann

Increased popularity for consuming DBMS services out of the cloud
2 October 2015, Paul Andlinger

show all

Meet some database management systems you are likely to hear more about in the future
4 August 2014, Paul Andlinger

show all

Recent citations in the news

Amazon AWS launches Redshift ML to let developers train models with SQL
27 May 2021, VentureBeat

Merkle Achieves Amazon Redshift Service Delivery Designation
15 June 2021, Business Wire

Amazon Redshift ML available: train and operate machine learning models on Redshift data • DEVCLASS
28 May 2021, DevClass

Amazon Redshift ML Now Generally Available
2 June 2021, iProgrammer

news digest: Amazon Redshift ML, Microsoft's GPT-3 features, and OpenCilk 1.0 released - SD Times
28 May 2021, SDTimes.com

provided by Google News

Brazil's Nubank Acquires US Software Firm Cognitect
30 July 2020, Nearshore Americas

Nubank buys firm behind Clojure programming language
28 July 2020, Finextra

Fintech Powerhouse Nubank Buys U.S. Software Firm Cognitect
23 July 2020, Bloomberg

Latin American banking giant Nubank snaps up US software company
24 July 2020, AltFi

These are the top 25 people who will have the most influence in tech this year, according to a survey of over
24 July 2019, Business Insider India

provided by Google News

Document Databases Software Market Size and Growth 2021-2028 | Top Vendors – MongoDB, Amazon, ArangoDB, Azure Cosmos DB, Couchbase, MarkLogic, RethinkDB, CouchDB – KSU | The Sentinel Newspaper
20 June 2021, KSU | The Sentinel Newspaper

NoSQL Databases Software Market Report Future Prospects, Growth, Outlook and Forecast 2021-2027| SQL-RD, RethinkDB, Redis, RavenDB – The Manomet Current
29 May 2021, The Manomet Current

NoSQL Database Software Market Growth, Trends, Forecasts, and COVID-19 Impact (2021)
19 May 2021, Illinoisnewstoday.com

NoSQL Databases Software Market Innovative Strategy by 2028 | MongoDB, Amazon, ArangoDB, Azure Cosmos DB – The Courier
28 May 2021, The Courier

NoSQL Databases Software Market to Reflect Robust Expansion during 2021–2028| Global Key Players- MongoDB, Amazon, ArangoDB, Azure Cosmos DB – The Manomet Current
15 June 2021, The Manomet Current

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Amazon Redshift - Software Development Engineer
Amazon.com Services LLC, East Palo Alto, CA

Database Engineer - AWS, Amazon Redshift
Amazon Web Services, Inc., East Palo Alto, CA

Director of Technology Alliances, Amazon Web Services
N2W Software, Seattle, WA

Software Development Engineer - Amazon Redshift Query Processing
Amazon.com Services LLC, Seattle, WA

Software Development Engineer - AWS, Amazon Redshift
Amazon.com Services LLC, Boston, MA

Sr. iOS Engineer
Client Resources, Inc., Lincoln, NE

Software Engineer, Internal Systems
EARNEST RESEARCH, Remote

Software Development Manager (Clojure/Datomic)
ThorTech Solutions, Remote

Data Platform Engineer
Analytical Flavor Systems, Inc, Remote

LISP/Clojure Software Engineer
Adaxa Technologies, Fort Lauderdale, FL

jobs by Indeed




Share this page

Featured Products

Neo4j logo

Get your free copy of the new O'Reilly book Graph Algorithms with 20+ examples for
machine learning, graph analytics and more.

Vertica logo

The fastest unified analytical warehouse at extreme scale with in-database Machine Learning. Try Vertica for free with no time limit.

Datastax Astra logo

Build cloud-native apps fast with Astra, the open-source, multi-cloud stack for
modern data apps.
Get started with 5 GB free..

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

Couchbase logo

SQL + JSON + NoSQL.
Power, flexibility & scale.
All open source.
Get started now.

Present your product here