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DBMS > Amazon Redshift vs. Datomic vs. NSDb vs. RethinkDB vs. ToroDB

System Properties Comparison Amazon Redshift vs. Datomic vs. NSDb vs. RethinkDB vs. ToroDB

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Redshift  Xexclude from comparisonDatomic  Xexclude from comparisonNSDb  Xexclude from comparisonRethinkDB  Xexclude from comparisonToroDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionLarge scale data warehouse service for use with business intelligence toolsDatomic builds on immutable values, supports point-in-time queries and uses 3rd party systems for durabilityScalable, High-performance Time Series DBMS designed for Real-time Analytics on top of KubernetesDBMS for the Web with a mechanism to push updated query results to applications in realtime.A MongoDB-compatible JSON document store, built on top of PostgreSQL
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSTime Series DBMSDocument storeDocument store
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score23.64
Rank#32  Overall
#18  Relational DBMS
Score1.96
Rank#119  Overall
#58  Relational DBMS
Score0.00
Rank#350  Overall
#31  Time Series DBMS
Score3.51
Rank#89  Overall
#15  Document stores
Score0.08
Rank#322  Overall
#42  Document stores
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­redshiftwww.datomic.comnsdb.iorethinkdb.comwww.torodb.com
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­redshiftdocs.datomic.comnsdb.io/­Architecturerethinkdb.com/­docswww.torodb.com/­stampede/­docs
DeveloperAmazon (based on PostgreSQL)CognitectThe Linux Foundation infosince July 20178Kdata
Initial release20122012201720092016
Current release0.9.5951, July 20192.4.1, August 2020
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercial infolimited edition freeOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0Open Source infoApache Version 2Open Source infoAGPL-V3
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageCJava, ClojureJava, ScalaC++Java
Server operating systemshostedAll OS with a Java VMLinux
macOS
Linux
OS X
Windows
All OS with a Java 7 VM
Data schemeyesyesschema-freeschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes: int, bigint, decimal, stringyes infostring, binary, float, bool, date, geometryyes infostring, integer, double, boolean, date, object_id
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonononono
Secondary indexesrestrictedyesall fields are automatically indexedyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infodoes not fully support an SQL-standardnoSQL-like query languageno
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP APIgRPC
HTTP REST
WebSocket
Supported programming languagesAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBCClojure
Java
Java
Scala
C infocommunity-supported driver
C# infocommunity-supported driver
C++ infocommunity-supported driver
Clojure infocommunity-supported driver
Dart infocommunity-supported driver
Erlang infocommunity-supported driver
Go infocommunity-supported driver
Haskell infocommunity-supported driver
Java infoofficial driver
JavaScript (Node.js) infoofficial driver
Lisp infocommunity-supported driver
Lua infocommunity-supported driver
Objective-C infocommunity-supported driver
Perl infocommunity-supported driver
PHP infocommunity-supported driver
Python infoofficial driver
Ruby infoofficial driver
Scala infocommunity-supported driver
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions infoin Pythonyes infoTransaction Functionsno
TriggersnoBy using transaction functionsClient-side triggers through changefeedsno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingnone infoBut extensive use of caching in the application peersShardingSharding inforange basedSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesnone infoBut extensive use of caching in the application peersSource-replica replicationSource-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononoyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoinformational only, not enforced by the systemnononono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDnoAtomic single-document operationsno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes infoMVCC basedyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infousing external storage systems (e.g. Cassandra, DynamoDB, PostgreSQL, Couchbase and others)Using Apache Luceneyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes inforecommended only for testing and developmentno
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardnoyes infousers and table-level permissionsAccess rights for users and roles

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More resources
Amazon RedshiftDatomicNSDbRethinkDBToroDB
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