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DBMS > Amazon Redshift vs. Datomic vs. NSDb vs. RethinkDB vs. TiDB

System Properties Comparison Amazon Redshift vs. Datomic vs. NSDb vs. RethinkDB vs. TiDB

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Redshift  Xexclude from comparisonDatomic  Xexclude from comparisonNSDb  Xexclude from comparisonRethinkDB  Xexclude from comparisonTiDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionLarge scale data warehouse service for use with business intelligence toolsDatomic builds on immutable values, supports point-in-time queries and uses 3rd party systems for durabilityScalable, High-performance Time Series DBMS designed for Real-time Analytics on top of KubernetesDBMS for the Web with a mechanism to push updated query results to applications in realtime.TiDB is an open source distributed Hybrid Transactional/Analytical Processing (HTAP) database that supports MySQL and Spark SQL syntaxes.
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSTime Series DBMSDocument storeRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMSDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score23.64
Rank#32  Overall
#18  Relational DBMS
Score1.96
Rank#119  Overall
#58  Relational DBMS
Score0.00
Rank#350  Overall
#31  Time Series DBMS
Score3.51
Rank#89  Overall
#15  Document stores
Score2.49
Rank#107  Overall
#53  Relational DBMS
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­redshiftwww.datomic.comnsdb.iorethinkdb.compingcap.com
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­redshiftdocs.datomic.comnsdb.io/­Architecturerethinkdb.com/­docsdocs.pingcap.com/­tidb/­stable
DeveloperAmazon (based on PostgreSQL)CognitectThe Linux Foundation infosince July 2017PingCAP, Inc.
Initial release20122012201720092016
Current release0.9.5951, July 20192.4.1, August 20205.0.1, April 2021
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercial infolimited edition freeOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0Open Source infoApache Version 2Open Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
TiDB Cloud: Fully-managed TiDB Service. Bring everything great about TiDB to the cloud.
Implementation languageCJava, ClojureJava, ScalaC++Go, Rust
Server operating systemshostedAll OS with a Java VMLinux
macOS
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux
Data schemeyesyesschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes: int, bigint, decimal, stringyes infostring, binary, float, bool, date, geometryyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonononono
Secondary indexesrestrictedyesall fields are automatically indexedyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infodoes not fully support an SQL-standardnoSQL-like query languagenoyes
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP APIgRPC
HTTP REST
WebSocket
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
Supported programming languagesAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBCClojure
Java
Java
Scala
C infocommunity-supported driver
C# infocommunity-supported driver
C++ infocommunity-supported driver
Clojure infocommunity-supported driver
Dart infocommunity-supported driver
Erlang infocommunity-supported driver
Go infocommunity-supported driver
Haskell infocommunity-supported driver
Java infoofficial driver
JavaScript (Node.js) infoofficial driver
Lisp infocommunity-supported driver
Lua infocommunity-supported driver
Objective-C infocommunity-supported driver
Perl infocommunity-supported driver
PHP infocommunity-supported driver
Python infoofficial driver
Ruby infoofficial driver
Scala infocommunity-supported driver
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions infoin Pythonyes infoTransaction Functionsnono
TriggersnoBy using transaction functionsClient-side triggers through changefeedsno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingnone infoBut extensive use of caching in the application peersShardingSharding inforange basedhorizontal partitioning (by key range)
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesnone infoBut extensive use of caching in the application peersSource-replica replicationUsing Raft consensus algorithm to ensure data replication with strong consistency among multiple replicas.
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononoyesyes infowith TiSpark Connector
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoinformational only, not enforced by the systemnononono infocurrently only supported in syntax
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDnoAtomic single-document operationsACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes infoMVCC basedyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infousing external storage systems (e.g. Cassandra, DynamoDB, PostgreSQL, Couchbase and others)Using Apache Luceneyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes inforecommended only for testing and developmentnono
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardnoyes infousers and table-level permissionsUsers with fine-grained authorization concept. No user groups or roles.
More information provided by the system vendor
Amazon RedshiftDatomicNSDbRethinkDBTiDB
Specific characteristicsTiDB is an open-source NewSQL database built by PingCAP. TiDB supports Hybrid Transactional...
» more
Competitive advantagesIn the current database landscape, infrastructure engineers often have to use one...
» more
Typical application scenariosTiDB is designed to support both OLTP and OLAP scenarios. You can use TiDB , the...
» more
Key customersShopee (E-commerce) BookMyShow.com (E-commerce) Yiguo.com (E-commerce) JD Cloud &...
» more
Market metrics25K+ GitHub Stars for TiDB, and 8K+ GitHub Stars for TiKV 1.6K+ members in TiDB Community...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsOpen Source Apache 2.0 with either commercial licensing or fully-hosted DB-as-a-service...
» more
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More resources
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