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DBMS > Amazon Redshift vs. Datomic vs. Nebula Graph vs. NSDb vs. RethinkDB

System Properties Comparison Amazon Redshift vs. Datomic vs. Nebula Graph vs. NSDb vs. RethinkDB

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Redshift  Xexclude from comparisonDatomic  Xexclude from comparisonNebula Graph  Xexclude from comparisonNSDb  Xexclude from comparisonRethinkDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionLarge scale data warehouse service for use with business intelligence toolsDatomic builds on immutable values, supports point-in-time queries and uses 3rd party systems for durabilityA distributed, linear scalable, high perfomant Graph DBMSScalable, High-performance Time Series DBMS designed for Real-time Analytics on top of KubernetesDBMS for the Web with a mechanism to push updated query results to applications in realtime.
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSGraph DBMSTime Series DBMSDocument store
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score23.64
Rank#32  Overall
#18  Relational DBMS
Score1.96
Rank#119  Overall
#58  Relational DBMS
Score1.04
Rank#170  Overall
#15  Graph DBMS
Score0.00
Rank#350  Overall
#31  Time Series DBMS
Score3.51
Rank#89  Overall
#15  Document stores
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­redshiftwww.datomic.comgithub.com/­vesoft-inc/­nebula
nebula-graph.io
nsdb.iorethinkdb.com
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­redshiftdocs.datomic.comdocs.nebula-graph.ionsdb.io/­Architecturerethinkdb.com/­docs
DeveloperAmazon (based on PostgreSQL)CognitectVesoft Inc.The Linux Foundation infosince July 2017
Initial release20122012201920172009
Current release0.9.5951, July 20192.4.1, August 2020
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercial infolimited edition freeOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0 + Common Clause 1.0Open Source infoApache Version 2.0Open Source infoApache Version 2
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageCJava, ClojureC++Java, ScalaC++
Server operating systemshostedAll OS with a Java VMLinuxLinux
macOS
Linux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeyesyesStrong typed schemaschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes: int, bigint, decimal, stringyes infostring, binary, float, bool, date, geometry
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonononono
Secondary indexesrestrictedyesyes infoNebula Graph internally uses the Key-Value store RocksDB for persistency. The vertices, edges, and their properties are stored as Key while their values are stored as Value. The primary indexes are per Key and secondary indexes are per Value.all fields are automatically indexedyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infodoes not fully support an SQL-standardnoSQL-like query languageSQL-like query languageno
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP APIBrowser interface
console (shell)
Proprietary native API
Query language nGQL
gRPC
HTTP REST
WebSocket
Supported programming languagesAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBCClojure
Java
C++
Go
Java
Python
Java
Scala
C infocommunity-supported driver
C# infocommunity-supported driver
C++ infocommunity-supported driver
Clojure infocommunity-supported driver
Dart infocommunity-supported driver
Erlang infocommunity-supported driver
Go infocommunity-supported driver
Haskell infocommunity-supported driver
Java infoofficial driver
JavaScript (Node.js) infoofficial driver
Lisp infocommunity-supported driver
Lua infocommunity-supported driver
Objective-C infocommunity-supported driver
Perl infocommunity-supported driver
PHP infocommunity-supported driver
Python infoofficial driver
Ruby infoofficial driver
Scala infocommunity-supported driver
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions infoin Pythonyes infoTransaction Functionsno
TriggersnoBy using transaction functionsClient-side triggers through changefeeds
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingnone infoBut extensive use of caching in the application peersShardingShardingSharding inforange based
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesnone infoBut extensive use of caching in the application peersCausal Clustering using Raft protocolSource-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonononoyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoinformational only, not enforced by the systemnoyes infoRelationships in graphsnono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDnoAtomic single-document operations
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes infoMVCC based
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infousing external storage systems (e.g. Cassandra, DynamoDB, PostgreSQL, Couchbase and others)yes infousing RocksDBUsing Apache Luceneyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes inforecommended only for testing and developmentyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardnoRole-based access controlyes infousers and table-level permissions
More information provided by the system vendor
Amazon RedshiftDatomicNebula GraphNSDbRethinkDB
Specific characteristicsNebula Graph is a truly distributed, linearly scalable, lightning-fast graph database,...
» more
Competitive advantagesNebula Graph boasts the world's only graph database solution that is able to host...
» more
Typical application scenariosSocial networking Fraud detection Knowledge graph Data warehouse management Anti...
» more
Key customersCurrently we have some top internet companies in China implementing Nebula Graph...
» more
Market metricsAt our very early stage, Nebula Graph has already received 3.5k stars and thousands...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsNebula Graph is open source and free to use under Apache 2.0 license and Common Clause...
» more
News

Community Contribution | Nebula Graph 2.0 Performance Testing
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BDD-Based Integration Testing Framework for Nebula Graph: Part Ⅰ
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Using Ansible to Automate Deployment of Nebula Graph Cluster
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Handling Tens of Billions of Threat Intelligence Data with Graph Database at Kuaishou
27 May 2021

Storage Format in Nebula Graph v2.0.0
12 May 2021

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
Amazon RedshiftDatomicNebula GraphNSDbRethinkDB
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