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DBMS > Amazon Redshift vs. Datomic vs. Microsoft Access vs. NSDb

System Properties Comparison Amazon Redshift vs. Datomic vs. Microsoft Access vs. NSDb

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Redshift  Xexclude from comparisonDatomic  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Access  Xexclude from comparisonNSDb  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionLarge scale data warehouse service for use with business intelligence toolsDatomic builds on immutable values, supports point-in-time queries and uses 3rd party systems for durabilityMicrosoft Access combines a backend RDBMS (JET / ACE Engine) with a GUI frontend for data manipulation and queries. infoThe Access frontend is often used for accessing other datasources (DBMS, Excel, etc.)Scalable, High-performance Time Series DBMS designed for Real-time Analytics on top of Kubernetes
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMSTime Series DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score23.53
Rank#32  Overall
#18  Relational DBMS
Score1.93
Rank#120  Overall
#59  Relational DBMS
Score113.45
Rank#11  Overall
#7  Relational DBMS
Score0.00
Rank#352  Overall
#33  Time Series DBMS
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­redshiftwww.datomic.comwww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­microsoft-365/­accessnsdb.io
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­redshiftdocs.datomic.comdeveloper.microsoft.com/­en-us/­accessnsdb.io/­Architecture
DeveloperAmazon (based on PostgreSQL)CognitectMicrosoft
Initial release2012201219922017
Current release0.9.5951, July 20191902 (16.0.11328.20222), March 2019
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercial infolimited edition freecommercial infoBundled with Microsoft OfficeOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageCJava, ClojureC++Java, Scala
Server operating systemshostedAll OS with a Java VMWindows infoNot a real database server, but making use of DLLsLinux
macOS
Data schemeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes: int, bigint, decimal, string
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesrestrictedyesyesall fields are automatically indexed
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infodoes not fully support an SQL-standardnoyes infobut not compliant to any SQL standardSQL-like query language
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP APIADO.NET
DAO
ODBC
OLE DB
gRPC
HTTP REST
WebSocket
Supported programming languagesAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBCClojure
Java
C
C#
C++
Delphi
Java (JDBC-ODBC)
VBA
Visual Basic.NET
Java
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions infoin Pythonyes infoTransaction Functionsyes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-engineno
TriggersnoBy using transaction functionsyes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-engine
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingnone infoBut extensive use of caching in the application peersnoneSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesnone infoBut extensive use of caching in the application peersnone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoinformational only, not enforced by the systemnoyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID infobut no files for transaction loggingno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infousing external storage systems (e.g. Cassandra, DynamoDB, PostgreSQL, Couchbase and others)yes infobut no files for transaction loggingUsing Apache Lucene
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes inforecommended only for testing and development
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardnono infoa simple user-level security was built in till version Access 2003

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More resources
Amazon RedshiftDatomicMicrosoft AccessNSDb
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