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DBMS > Amazon Redshift vs. Datomic vs. MariaDB vs. NSDb vs. RethinkDB

System Properties Comparison Amazon Redshift vs. Datomic vs. MariaDB vs. NSDb vs. RethinkDB

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Redshift  Xexclude from comparisonDatomic  Xexclude from comparisonMariaDB  Xexclude from comparisonNSDb  Xexclude from comparisonRethinkDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionLarge scale data warehouse service for use with business intelligence toolsDatomic builds on immutable values, supports point-in-time queries and uses 3rd party systems for durabilityMySQL application compatible open source RDBMS, enhanced with high availability, security, interoperability and performance capabilities. MariaDB ColumnStore provides a column-oriented storage engine and MariaDB Xpand supports distributed SQL.Scalable, High-performance Time Series DBMS designed for Real-time Analytics on top of KubernetesDBMS for the Web with a mechanism to push updated query results to applications in realtime.
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMSTime Series DBMSDocument store
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith OQGraph storage engine
Spatial DBMS
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score23.64
Rank#32  Overall
#18  Relational DBMS
Score1.96
Rank#119  Overall
#58  Relational DBMS
Score96.79
Rank#12  Overall
#8  Relational DBMS
Score0.00
Rank#350  Overall
#31  Time Series DBMS
Score3.51
Rank#89  Overall
#15  Document stores
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­redshiftwww.datomic.commariadb.com infoSite of MariaDB Corporation
mariadb.org infoSite of MariaDB Foundation
nsdb.iorethinkdb.com
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­redshiftdocs.datomic.commariadb.com/­kb/­en/­librarynsdb.io/­Architecturerethinkdb.com/­docs
DeveloperAmazon (based on PostgreSQL)CognitectMariaDB Corporation Ab (MariaDB Enterprise),
MariaDB Foundation (community MariaDB Server) infoThe lead developer Monty Widenius is the original author of MySQL
The Linux Foundation infosince July 2017
Initial release20122012200920172009
Current release0.9.5951, July 201910.5.10, May 20212.4.1, August 2020
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercial infolimited edition freeOpen Source infoGPL version 2, commercial enterprise subscription availableOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0Open Source infoApache Version 2
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
SkySQL (The Ultimate MariaDB Cloud): The first and only DBaaS to bring the full power of MariaDB Platform to the cloud, combining powerful enterprise features and world-class support with unrivaled ease of use and groundbreaking innovation.
Implementation languageCJava, ClojureC and C++Java, ScalaC++
Server operating systemshostedAll OS with a Java VMFreeBSD
Linux
Solaris
Windows infoColumnStore storage engine not available on Windows
Linux
macOS
Linux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyes infoDynamic columns are supportedschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes: int, bigint, decimal, stringyes infostring, binary, float, bool, date, geometry
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyesnono
Secondary indexesrestrictedyesyesall fields are automatically indexedyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infodoes not fully support an SQL-standardnoyes infowith proprietary extensionsSQL-like query languageno
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP APIADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
gRPC
HTTP REST
WebSocket
Supported programming languagesAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBCClojure
Java
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Eiffel
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Java
Scala
C infocommunity-supported driver
C# infocommunity-supported driver
C++ infocommunity-supported driver
Clojure infocommunity-supported driver
Dart infocommunity-supported driver
Erlang infocommunity-supported driver
Go infocommunity-supported driver
Haskell infocommunity-supported driver
Java infoofficial driver
JavaScript (Node.js) infoofficial driver
Lisp infocommunity-supported driver
Lua infocommunity-supported driver
Objective-C infocommunity-supported driver
Perl infocommunity-supported driver
PHP infocommunity-supported driver
Python infoofficial driver
Ruby infoofficial driver
Scala infocommunity-supported driver
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions infoin Pythonyes infoTransaction Functionsyes infoPL/SQL compatibility added with version 10.3no
TriggersnoBy using transaction functionsyesClient-side triggers through changefeeds
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingnone infoBut extensive use of caching in the application peersseveral options for horizontal partitioning and ShardingShardingSharding inforange based
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesnone infoBut extensive use of caching in the application peersMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonononoyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoinformational only, not enforced by the systemnoyes infonot for MyISAM storage enginenono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID infonot for MyISAM storage enginenoAtomic single-document operations
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes infoMVCC based
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infousing external storage systems (e.g. Cassandra, DynamoDB, PostgreSQL, Couchbase and others)yes infonot for in-memory storage engineUsing Apache Luceneyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes inforecommended only for testing and developmentyes infowith MEMORY storage engineno
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardnofine grained access rights according to SQL-standardyes infousers and table-level permissions
More information provided by the system vendor
Amazon RedshiftDatomicMariaDBNSDbRethinkDB
Specific characteristicsMariaDB is the most powerful open source relational database – modern SQL and JSON...
» more
Competitive advantagesMariaDB has many features unavailable in other open source relational databases....
» more
Typical application scenariosWeb, SaaS and Cloud operational/transactional applications that require high availability,...
» more
Key customersDeutsche Bank, DBS Bank, Nasdaq, Red Hat, ServiceNow, Verizon and Walgreens Featured...
» more
Market metricsMariaDB is the default database in the LAMP stack supplied by Red Hat and SUSE Linux,...
» more

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More resources
Amazon RedshiftDatomicMariaDBNSDbRethinkDB
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