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DBMS > Amazon Redshift vs. Datomic vs. GraphDB vs. NSDb vs. RethinkDB

System Properties Comparison Amazon Redshift vs. Datomic vs. GraphDB vs. NSDb vs. RethinkDB

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Redshift  Xexclude from comparisonDatomic  Xexclude from comparisonGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIM  Xexclude from comparisonNSDb  Xexclude from comparisonRethinkDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionLarge scale data warehouse service for use with business intelligence toolsDatomic builds on immutable values, supports point-in-time queries and uses 3rd party systems for durabilityEnterprise-ready RDF and graph database with efficient reasoning, cluster and external index synchronization support. It supports also SQL JDBC access to Knowledge Graph and GraphQL over SPARQL.Scalable, High-performance Time Series DBMS designed for Real-time Analytics on top of KubernetesDBMS for the Web with a mechanism to push updated query results to applications in realtime.
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSGraph DBMS
RDF store
Time Series DBMSDocument store
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score23.64
Rank#32  Overall
#18  Relational DBMS
Score1.96
Rank#119  Overall
#58  Relational DBMS
Score2.31
Rank#113  Overall
#7  Graph DBMS
#4  RDF stores
Score0.00
Rank#350  Overall
#31  Time Series DBMS
Score3.51
Rank#89  Overall
#15  Document stores
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­redshiftwww.datomic.comwww.ontotext.comnsdb.iorethinkdb.com
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­redshiftdocs.datomic.comgraphdb.ontotext.com/­documentationnsdb.io/­Architecturerethinkdb.com/­docs
DeveloperAmazon (based on PostgreSQL)CognitectOntotextThe Linux Foundation infosince July 2017
Initial release20122012200020172009
Current release0.9.5951, July 20199.8, June 20212.4.1, August 2020
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercial infolimited edition freecommercial infoSome plugins of GraphDB Workbench are open sourcedOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0Open Source infoApache Version 2
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageCJava, ClojureJavaJava, ScalaC++
Server operating systemshostedAll OS with a Java VMAll OS with a Java VM
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux
macOS
Linux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeyesyesschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema support; RDF shapesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes: int, bigint, decimal, stringyes infostring, binary, float, bool, date, geometry
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonononono
Secondary indexesrestrictedyesyes, supports real-time synchronization and indexing in SOLR/Elastic search/Lucene and GeoSPARQL geometry data indexesall fields are automatically indexedyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infodoes not fully support an SQL-standardnostored SPARQL accessed as SQL using Apache Calcite through JDBC/ODBCSQL-like query languageno
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP APIGeoSPARQL
GraphQL
GraphQL Federation
Java API
JDBC
RDF4J API
RDFS
RIO
Sail API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SPARQL 1.1
gRPC
HTTP REST
WebSocket
Supported programming languagesAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBCClojure
Java
.Net
C#
Clojure
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Java
Scala
C infocommunity-supported driver
C# infocommunity-supported driver
C++ infocommunity-supported driver
Clojure infocommunity-supported driver
Dart infocommunity-supported driver
Erlang infocommunity-supported driver
Go infocommunity-supported driver
Haskell infocommunity-supported driver
Java infoofficial driver
JavaScript (Node.js) infoofficial driver
Lisp infocommunity-supported driver
Lua infocommunity-supported driver
Objective-C infocommunity-supported driver
Perl infocommunity-supported driver
PHP infocommunity-supported driver
Python infoofficial driver
Ruby infoofficial driver
Scala infocommunity-supported driver
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions infoin Pythonyes infoTransaction Functionswell-defined plugin interfaces; JavaScript server-side extensibilityno
TriggersnoBy using transaction functionsnoClient-side triggers through changefeeds
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingnone infoBut extensive use of caching in the application peersnoneShardingSharding inforange based
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesnone infoBut extensive use of caching in the application peersMulti-source replicationSource-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonononoyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency, Eventual consistency (configurable in cluster mode per master or individual client request)Eventual ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoinformational only, not enforced by the systemnoyes infoConstraint checkingnono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDnoAtomic single-document operations
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes infoMVCC based
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infousing external storage systems (e.g. Cassandra, DynamoDB, PostgreSQL, Couchbase and others)yesUsing Apache Luceneyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes inforecommended only for testing and developmentno
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardnoDefault Basic authentication through RDF4J client, or via Java when run with cURL, default token-based in the Workbench or via Rest API, optional access through OpenID or Kerberos single sign-on.yes infousers and table-level permissions
More information provided by the system vendor
Amazon RedshiftDatomicGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMNSDbRethinkDB
Specific characteristicsGraphDB Enterprise is a high-performance semantic repository created by Ontotext....
» more
Competitive advantagesGraphDB allows you to link text and data in big knowledge graphs. It’s easy to experiment...
» more
Typical application scenariosMetadata enrichment and management, linked open data publishing, semantic inferencing...
» more
Key customersBBC, Press Association, Financial Times, DK, Euromoney, The British Museum, Getty...
» more
Market metricsGraphDB is the most utilized semantic triplestore for mission-critical enterprise...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGraphDB-Free is free to use. SE and Enterprise are licensed per CPU-Core used. Perpetual...
» more

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More resources
Amazon RedshiftDatomicGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMNSDbRethinkDB
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