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DBMS > Amazon Redshift vs. Datomic vs. Grakn vs. RethinkDB

System Properties Comparison Amazon Redshift vs. Datomic vs. Grakn vs. RethinkDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Redshift  Xexclude from comparisonDatomic  Xexclude from comparisonGrakn  Xexclude from comparisonRethinkDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionLarge scale data warehouse service for use with business intelligence toolsDatomic builds on immutable values, supports point-in-time queries and uses 3rd party systems for durabilityGrakn is a distributed, hyper-relational database for managing complex data that serves as a knowledge base for cognitive/AI systems.DBMS for the Web with a mechanism to push updated query results to applications in realtime.
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSGraph DBMS
Relational DBMS infoOften described as a 'hyper-relational' database, since it implements the 'Entity-Relationship Paradigm' to manage complex data structures and ontologies.
Document store
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score22.42
Rank#33  Overall
#19  Relational DBMS
Score1.96
Rank#117  Overall
#57  Relational DBMS
Score0.76
Rank#193  Overall
#17  Graph DBMS
#97  Relational DBMS
Score3.15
Rank#90  Overall
#16  Document stores
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­redshiftwww.datomic.comgrakn.airethinkdb.com
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­redshiftdocs.datomic.comdev.grakn.ai/­docsrethinkdb.com/­docs
DeveloperAmazon (based on PostgreSQL)CognitectGrakn LabsThe Linux Foundation infosince July 2017
Initial release2012201220162009
Current release0.9.5951, July 20192.0, April 20212.4.1, August 2020
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercial infolimited edition freeOpen Source infoGPL Version 3, commercial licenses availableOpen Source infoApache Version 2
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageCJava, ClojureJavaC++
Server operating systemshostedAll OS with a Java VMLinux
OS X
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes infostring, binary, float, bool, date, geometry
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononono
Secondary indexesrestrictedyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infodoes not fully support an SQL-standardnonono
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP APIconsole (shell)
gRPC protocol
Workbase (visualisation software)
Supported programming languagesAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBCClojure
Java
All JVM based languages
Groovy
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Scala
C infocommunity-supported driver
C# infocommunity-supported driver
C++ infocommunity-supported driver
Clojure infocommunity-supported driver
Dart infocommunity-supported driver
Erlang infocommunity-supported driver
Go infocommunity-supported driver
Haskell infocommunity-supported driver
Java infoofficial driver
JavaScript (Node.js) infoofficial driver
Lisp infocommunity-supported driver
Lua infocommunity-supported driver
Objective-C infocommunity-supported driver
Perl infocommunity-supported driver
PHP infocommunity-supported driver
Python infoofficial driver
Ruby infoofficial driver
Scala infocommunity-supported driver
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions infoin Pythonyes infoTransaction Functionsno
TriggersnoBy using transaction functionsnoClient-side triggers through changefeeds
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingnone infoBut extensive use of caching in the application peersSharding infoby using CassandraSharding inforange based
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesnone infoBut extensive use of caching in the application peersMulti-source replication infoby using CassandraSource-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoyes infoby using Apache Kafka and Apache Zookeeperyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoinformational only, not enforced by the systemnono infosubstituted by the relationship featureno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDAtomic single-document operations
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes infoMVCC based
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infousing external storage systems (e.g. Cassandra, DynamoDB, PostgreSQL, Couchbase and others)yesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes inforecommended only for testing and developmentnono
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardnoyes infoat REST API level; other APIs in progressyes infousers and table-level permissions
More information provided by the system vendor
Amazon RedshiftDatomicGraknRethinkDB
Specific characteristicsGrakn is the knowledge graph to organise complex networks of data and making it queryable,...
» more
Competitive advantagesExpressive and flexible data model: The meta-schema of Grakn allows for modelling...
» more
Typical application scenariosLife sciences : Grakn makes working with biological data much easier and accelerates...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsAGPL and Commercial . The commercial license is priced based on cluster resources...
» more
News

Today’s Biomedical Research Requires New Technologies
12 March 2021

A Clinical Decision Support System Built With a Knowledge Graph
16 February 2021

You’re Invited to Grakn Orbit 2021
12 February 2021

How to Succeed with Your First Grakn Project
12 February 2021

Grakn 2.0 Alpha: best practices of Distributed Systems and Computer Science
13 January 2021

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More resources
Amazon RedshiftDatomicGraknRethinkDB
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