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DBMS > Amazon Redshift vs. CrateDB vs. Impala vs. Oracle

System Properties Comparison Amazon Redshift vs. CrateDB vs. Impala vs. Oracle

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Redshift  Xexclude from comparisonCrateDB  Xexclude from comparisonImpala  Xexclude from comparisonOracle  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionLarge scale data warehouse service for use with business intelligence toolsDistributed Date Store based on LuceneAnalytic DBMS for HadoopWidely used RDBMS
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Search engine
Relational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument storeDocument storeDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
RDF store infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score21.78
Rank#31  Overall
#19  Relational DBMS
Score0.60
Rank#192  Overall
#94  Relational DBMS
#13  Search engines
Score15.07
Rank#36  Overall
#22  Relational DBMS
Score1336.07
Rank#1  Overall
#1  Relational DBMS
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­redshiftcrate.iowww.cloudera.com/­products/­open-source/­apache-hadoop/­impala.htmlwww.oracle.com/­database
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­redshiftcrate.io/­docswww.cloudera.com/­documentation/­enterprise/­latest/­topics/­impala.htmldocs.oracle.com/­en/­database
DeveloperAmazon (based on PostgreSQL)CrateClouderaOracle
Initial release2012201320131980
Current release3.3.0, August 201919c, February 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2commercial inforestricted free version is available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageCJavaC++C and C++
Server operating systemshostedAll OS with a Java 7 VMLinuxAIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
Data schemeyesFlexible Schema (defined schema, partial schema, schema free)yesyes infoSchemaless in JSON and XML columns
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononoyes
Secondary indexesrestrictedyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infodoes not fully support an SQL-standardyes, but no triggers and constraintsSQL-like DML and DDL statementsyes infowith proprietary extensions
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
MQTT (Message Queue Telemetry Transport)
PostgreSQL wire protocol
Prometheus Remote Read/Write
RESTful HTTP API
ADO.NET infocommunity maintained client
JDBC
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBCErlang
Go infocommunity maintained client
Java
JavaScript (Node.js) infocommunity maintained client
Perl infocommunity maintained client
PHP
Python
Ruby infocommunity maintained client
Scala infocommunity maintained client
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBCC
C#
C++
Clojure
Cobol
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Fortran
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Objective C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions infoin Pythonuser defined functionsyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reducePL/SQL infoalso stored procedures in Java possible
Triggersnononoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingShardinghorizontal partitioning infowith the optional Oracle Partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesselectable replication factorselectable replication factorMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoyes infoquery execution via MapReduceno infocan be realized in PL/SQL
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Read Your Own Writes Consistency infofor primary key lookups
Eventual ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoinformational only, not enforced by the systemnonoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDno infounique row identifiers can be used for implementing an optimistic concurrency control strategynoACID infoisolation level can be parameterized
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesnonoyes infoVersion 12c introduced the new option 'Oracle Database In-Memory'
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardrights management via user accountsAccess rights for users, groups and roles infobased on Apache Sentry and Kerberosfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
Amazon RedshiftCrateDBImpalaOracle
Specific characteristicsCrateDB is an open source distributed SQL database that spreads data and processing...
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Oracle Database (commonly referred to as Oracle RDBMS or simply as Oracle) is a multi-model...
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Competitive advantagesCrateDB is typically used in operational analytics applications, particularly those...
» more
Typical application scenariosCrateDB is ideal for integrating and analyzing streams of data--often machine-generated--in...
» more
Key customersCrateDB customers include McAfee, Qualtrics , Nokia, NBC Golfnow , Digital Domain...
» more
Market metricsThe CrateDB open source project was started in 2014. CrateDB was the winner of TechCrunch...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsCrateDB pricing CrateDB Community Edition is open source and free to use under the...
» more
Oracle Database Cloud Services Customers can choose from a wide range of database...
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More resources
Amazon RedshiftCrateDBImpalaOracle
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