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DBMS > Amazon Redshift vs. CrateDB vs. Datomic vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics vs. NSDb

System Properties Comparison Amazon Redshift vs. CrateDB vs. Datomic vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics vs. NSDb

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Redshift  Xexclude from comparisonCrateDB  Xexclude from comparisonDatomic  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data Warehouse  Xexclude from comparisonNSDb  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionLarge scale data warehouse service for use with business intelligence toolsDistributed Date Store based on LuceneDatomic builds on immutable values, supports point-in-time queries and uses 3rd party systems for durabilityElastic, large scale data warehouse service leveraging the broad eco-system of SQL ServerScalable, High-performance Time Series DBMS designed for Real-time Analytics on top of Kubernetes
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Search engine
Relational DBMSRelational DBMSTime Series DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Time Series DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score24.27
Rank#32  Overall
#18  Relational DBMS
Score0.92
Rank#180  Overall
#87  Relational DBMS
#11  Search engines
Score1.82
Rank#127  Overall
#62  Relational DBMS
Score17.27
Rank#39  Overall
#24  Relational DBMS
Score0.00
Rank#350  Overall
#33  Time Series DBMS
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­redshiftcrate.iowww.datomic.comazure.microsoft.com/­services/­synapse-analyticsnsdb.io
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­redshiftcrate.io/­docsdocs.datomic.comdocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­synapse-analyticsnsdb.io/­Architecture
DeveloperAmazon (based on PostgreSQL)CrateCognitectMicrosoft
Initial release20122013201220162017
Current release0.9.5951, July 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Sourcecommercial infolimited edition freecommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnonoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageCJavaJava, ClojureC++Java, Scala
Server operating systemshostedAll OS with a Java 7 (and higher) VMAll OS with a Java VMhostedLinux
macOS
Data schemeyesFlexible Schema (defined schema, partial schema, schema free)yesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyesyes: int, bigint, decimal, string
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonononono
Secondary indexesrestrictedyesyesyesall fields are automatically indexed
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infodoes not fully support an SQL-standardyes, but no triggers and constraintsnoyesSQL-like query language
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET infocommunity maintained client
JDBC
MQTT (Message Queue Telemetry Transport)
PostgreSQL wire protocol
Prometheus Remote Read/Write
RESTful HTTP API
RESTful HTTP APIADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
gRPC
HTTP REST
WebSocket
Supported programming languagesAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBCErlang
Go infocommunity maintained client
Java
JavaScript (Node.js) infocommunity maintained client
Perl infocommunity maintained client
PHP
Python
Ruby infocommunity maintained client
Scala infocommunity maintained client
Clojure
Java
C#
Java
PHP
Java
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions infoin Pythonuser defined functionsyes infoTransaction FunctionsTransact SQLno
TriggersnonoBy using transaction functionsno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingnone infoBut extensive use of caching in the application peersSharding, horizontal partitioningSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesselectable replication factornone infoBut extensive use of caching in the application peersyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Read Your Own Writes Consistency infofor primary key lookups
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoinformational only, not enforced by the systemnonono infodocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­synapse-analytics/­sql-data-warehouse/­sql-data-warehouse-table-constraintsno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDno infounique row identifiers can be used for implementing an optimistic concurrency control strategyACIDACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infousing external storage systems (e.g. Cassandra, DynamoDB, PostgreSQL, Couchbase and others)yesUsing Apache Lucene
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesnoyes inforecommended only for testing and development
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardrights management via user accountsnoyes
More information provided by the system vendor
Amazon RedshiftCrateDBDatomicMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data WarehouseNSDb
Specific characteristicsCrateDB is an open source distributed SQL database that spreads data and processing...
» more
Competitive advantagesCrateDB is typically used in operational analytics applications, particularly those...
» more
Typical application scenariosCrateDB is ideal for integrating and analyzing streams of data--often machine-generated--in...
» more
Key customersCrateDB customers include McAfee, Qualtrics , Nokia, NBC Golfnow , Digital Domain...
» more
Market metricsThe CrateDB open source project was started in 2014. CrateDB was the winner of TechCrunch...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsCrateDB pricing CrateDB Community Edition is open source and free to use under the...
» more

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More resources
Amazon RedshiftCrateDBDatomicMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data WarehouseNSDb
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