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DBMS > Amazon Redshift vs. Couchbase vs. Elasticsearch

System Properties Comparison Amazon Redshift vs. Couchbase vs. Elasticsearch

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Redshift  Xexclude from comparisonCouchbase infoOriginally called Membase  Xexclude from comparisonElasticsearch  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionLarge scale data warehouse service for use with business intelligence toolsJSON-based document store derived from CouchDB with a Memcached-compatible interfaceA distributed, RESTful modern search and analytics engine based on Apache Lucene infoElasticsearch lets you perform and combine many types of searches such as structured, unstructured, geo, and metric
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument storeSearch engine
Secondary database modelsKey-value store infooriginating from the former Membase product and supporting the Memcached protocol
Spatial DBMS infousing the Geocouch extension
Document store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score22.50
Rank#32  Overall
#18  Relational DBMS
Score30.23
Rank#26  Overall
#4  Document stores
Score155.35
Rank#8  Overall
#1  Search engines
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­redshiftwww.couchbase.comwww.elastic.co/­elasticsearch
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­redshiftdocs.couchbase.comwww.elastic.co/­guide/­en/­elasticsearch/­reference/­current/­index.html
DeveloperAmazon (based on PostgreSQL)Couchbase, Inc.Elastic
Initial release201220112010
Current releaseServer: 6.5, January 2020; Mobile: 2.7, January 2020; Couchbase Autonomous Operator: 1.2, May 20197.8.0, June 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache version 2; Commercial licenses also availableOpen Source infoApache Version 2; Elastic License
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Couchbase Cloud: Deploy, manage, and operate Couchbase in a few clicksElasticsearch Service on Elastic Cloud: Try out the official hosted Elasticsearch and Kibana offering available on Amazon Web Services, Google Cloud and Microsoft Azure that's powered by the creators of Elasticsearch.
Implementation languageCC, C++, Go and ErlangJava
Server operating systemshostedLinux
OS X
Windows
All OS with a Java VM
Data schemeyesschema-freeschema-free infoFlexible type definitions. Once a type is defined, it is persistent
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infoString, Boolean, Numberyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesrestrictedyesyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexed
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infodoes not fully support an SQL-standardDeclarative query language (N1QL) that extends ANSI SQL to JSON. First commercial implementation of SQL++.SQL-like query language
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
Native language bindings for CRUD, Query, Search and Analytics APIsJava API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Supported programming languagesAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBC.Net
C
Clojure
ColdFusion
Erlang
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
.Net
Groovy
Community Contributed Clients
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions infoin PythonFunctions and timers in JavaScriptyes
Triggersnoyes infovia the TAP protocolyes infoby using the 'percolation' feature
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesMulti-source replication infoincluding cross data center replication
Source-replica replication
yes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesES-Hadoop Connector
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoselectable on a per-operation basis
Eventual Consistency infoSynchronous doc based replication. Get by ID may show delays up to 1 sec. Configurable write consistency: one, quorum, all
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoinformational only, not enforced by the systemnono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes infoEphemeral bucketsMemcached and Redis integration
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardUser and Administrator separation with password-based and LDAP integrated Authentication
More information provided by the system vendor
Amazon RedshiftCouchbase infoOriginally called MembaseElasticsearch
Specific characteristicsDeveloped as an alternative to traditionally inflexible relational databases, Couchbase...
» more
Elasticsearch is an open source search and analytics engine. As the heart of the...
» more
Competitive advantagesCouchbase was architected with several differentiated capabilities: Shared-nothing,...
» more
Open source Real-time indexsearch, and analysis Horizontally scalable Distributed...
» more
Typical application scenariosCustomer 360 for user profile, session store and data aggregation (Comcast, Equifax,...
» more
Enterprise search (search experiences for your workplace, apps, and websites), observability...
» more
Key customersAmadeus, AT&T, BD (Becton, Dickinson and Company), Carrefour, Cisco, Comcast, Disney,...
» more
Thousands of organizations worldwide, including Cisco, eBay, Goldman Sachs, Microsoft,...
» more
Market metricsNamed a leader in the Forrester Wave™: Big Data NoSQL, Q1 2019 Over 10M downloads...
» more
Public as of October 2018 Distributed workforce with 1900+ employees around the globe​...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsThe Community Edition (CE) of Couchbase Server and Couchbase Mobile are available...
» more
The Elastic Stack (Elasticsearch, Kibana, Beats, and Logstash) is free and open source...
» more

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesCData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
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DBHawk: Secure access to SQL, NoSQL and Cloud databases with an all-in-one solution.
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CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
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Elastic Cloud: Try the official managed Elasticsearch.
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More resources
Amazon RedshiftCouchbase infoOriginally called MembaseElasticsearch
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