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DBMS > Amazon Redshift vs. CouchDB vs. Firebase Realtime Database

System Properties Comparison Amazon Redshift vs. CouchDB vs. Firebase Realtime Database

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Redshift  Xexclude from comparisonCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"  Xexclude from comparisonFirebase Realtime Database  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionLarge scale data warehouse service for use with business intelligence toolsA native JSON - document store inspired by Lotus Notes, scalable from globally distributed server-clusters down to mobile phones.Cloud-hosted realtime document store. iOS, Android, and JavaScript clients share one Realtime Database instance and automatically receive updates with the newest data.
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument storeDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score20.27
Rank#31  Overall
#19  Relational DBMS
Score19.22
Rank#33  Overall
#5  Document stores
Score10.85
Rank#41  Overall
#7  Document stores
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­redshiftcouchdb.apache.orgfirebase.google.com/­products/­realtime-database
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­redshiftwiki.apache.org/­couchdbfirebase.google.com/­docs/­database
DeveloperAmazon (based on PostgreSQL)Apache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by Damien Katz, a former Lotus Notes developerGoogle infoacquired by Google 2014
Initial release201220052012
Current release2.3.1, March 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache version 2commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageCErlang
Server operating systemshostedAndroid
BSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
hosted
Data schemeyesschema-freeschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnoyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesrestrictedyes infovia viewsyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infodoes not fully support an SQL-standardnono
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP/JSON APIAndroid
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
Supported programming languagesAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBCC
C#
ColdFusion
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
Ruby
Smalltalk
Java
JavaScript
Objective-C
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions infoin PythonView functions in JavaScriptlimited functionality with using 'rules'
TriggersnoyesCallbacks are triggered when data changes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingSharding infoimproved architecture with release 2.0
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyEventual Consistency infoif the client is offline
Immediate Consistency infoif the client is online
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoinformational only, not enforced by the systemnono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDno infoatomic operations within a single document possibleyes
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infostrategy: optimistic lockingyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesno
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users can be defined per databaseyes, based on authentication and database rules

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More resources
Amazon RedshiftCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"Firebase Realtime Database
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