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DBMS > Amazon Redshift vs. CockroachDB vs. Datomic vs. NSDb vs. RethinkDB

System Properties Comparison Amazon Redshift vs. CockroachDB vs. Datomic vs. NSDb vs. RethinkDB

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Redshift  Xexclude from comparisonCockroachDB  Xexclude from comparisonDatomic  Xexclude from comparisonNSDb  Xexclude from comparisonRethinkDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionLarge scale data warehouse service for use with business intelligence toolsCockroachDB is a distributed database architected for modern cloud applications. It is wire compatible with PostgreSQL and backed by a Key-Value Store, which is either RocksDB or a purpose-built derivative, called Pebble.Datomic builds on immutable values, supports point-in-time queries and uses 3rd party systems for durabilityScalable, High-performance Time Series DBMS designed for Real-time Analytics on top of KubernetesDBMS for the Web with a mechanism to push updated query results to applications in realtime.
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMSTime Series DBMSDocument store
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score23.64
Rank#32  Overall
#18  Relational DBMS
Score6.67
Rank#58  Overall
#32  Relational DBMS
Score1.96
Rank#119  Overall
#58  Relational DBMS
Score0.00
Rank#350  Overall
#31  Time Series DBMS
Score3.51
Rank#89  Overall
#15  Document stores
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­redshiftwww.cockroachlabs.comwww.datomic.comnsdb.iorethinkdb.com
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­redshiftwww.cockroachlabs.com/­docsdocs.datomic.comnsdb.io/­Architecturerethinkdb.com/­docs
DeveloperAmazon (based on PostgreSQL)Cockroach LabsCognitectThe Linux Foundation infosince July 2017
Initial release20122015201220172009
Current release21.1.2, June 20210.9.5951, July 20192.4.1, August 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0, commercial license availablecommercial infolimited edition freeOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0Open Source infoApache Version 2
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
CockroachCloud: Get your applications to market faster with a fully managed CockroachDB instance. Leave the daily maintenance, security, and operations of your database to us, and spend more time building apps and running your business.
Implementation languageCGoJava, ClojureJava, ScalaC++
Server operating systemshostedLinux
macOS
Windows
All OS with a Java VMLinux
macOS
Linux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeyesdynamic schemayesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes: int, bigint, decimal, stringyes infostring, binary, float, bool, date, geometry
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonononono
Secondary indexesrestrictedyesyesall fields are automatically indexedyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infodoes not fully support an SQL-standardyes, wire compatible with PostgreSQLnoSQL-like query languageno
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
JDBCRESTful HTTP APIgRPC
HTTP REST
WebSocket
Supported programming languagesAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBCC#
C++
Clojure
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Rust
Clojure
Java
Java
Scala
C infocommunity-supported driver
C# infocommunity-supported driver
C++ infocommunity-supported driver
Clojure infocommunity-supported driver
Dart infocommunity-supported driver
Erlang infocommunity-supported driver
Go infocommunity-supported driver
Haskell infocommunity-supported driver
Java infoofficial driver
JavaScript (Node.js) infoofficial driver
Lisp infocommunity-supported driver
Lua infocommunity-supported driver
Objective-C infocommunity-supported driver
Perl infocommunity-supported driver
PHP infocommunity-supported driver
Python infoofficial driver
Ruby infoofficial driver
Scala infocommunity-supported driver
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions infoin Pythonnoyes infoTransaction Functionsno
TriggersnonoBy using transaction functionsClient-side triggers through changefeeds
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardinghorizontal partitioning (by key range) infoall tables are translated to an ordered KV store and then broken down into 64MB ranges, which are then used as replicas in RAFTnone infoBut extensive use of caching in the application peersShardingSharding inforange based
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesMulti-source replication using RAFTnone infoBut extensive use of caching in the application peersSource-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonononoyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoinformational only, not enforced by the systemyesnonono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDnoAtomic single-document operations
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes infoMVCC based
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infousing external storage systems (e.g. Cassandra, DynamoDB, PostgreSQL, Couchbase and others)Using Apache Luceneyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesnoyes inforecommended only for testing and developmentno
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardRole-based access controlnoyes infousers and table-level permissions
More information provided by the system vendor
Amazon RedshiftCockroachDBDatomicNSDbRethinkDB
Specific characteristicsCockroachDB is a cloud-native, distributed SQL database architected for modern applications....
» more
Competitive advantages- EFFORTLESS SCALE: Scale your applications, not operational complexity. CockroachDB...
» more
Typical application scenariosSystem of record (financial ledger, inventory management, transaction record), identity...
» more
Key customersComcast, SpaceX, eBay, DoorDash, Mythical Games, Norfolk Southern, LUSH, Bose, Kindred,...
» more
Market metrics8K+ long-running clusters 900+ CockroachDB Enterprise clusters 2K+ CockroachCloud...
» more
Licensing and pricing models- Apache 2.0 for core features released up to and including the 19.1 release - Time-limited...
» more

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More resources
Amazon RedshiftCockroachDBDatomicNSDbRethinkDB
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