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DBMS > Amazon Redshift vs. Cloudant vs. IBM Db2 warehouse vs. MariaDB

System Properties Comparison Amazon Redshift vs. Cloudant vs. IBM Db2 warehouse vs. MariaDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Redshift  Xexclude from comparisonCloudant  Xexclude from comparisonIBM Db2 warehouse infoformerly named IBM dashDB  Xexclude from comparisonMariaDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionLarge scale data warehouse service for use with business intelligence toolsDatabase as a Service offering based on Apache CouchDBCloud-based data warehousing serviceMySQL application compatible open source RDBMS, enhanced with high availability, security, interoperability and performance capabilities. With MariaDB ColumnStore a column-oriented storage engine is available too.
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument storeRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith OQGraph storage engine
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score21.78
Rank#31  Overall
#19  Relational DBMS
Score3.80
Rank#75  Overall
#14  Document stores
Score1.99
Rank#114  Overall
#56  Relational DBMS
Score85.57
Rank#13  Overall
#8  Relational DBMS
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­redshiftcloudant.comwww.ibm.com/­products/­db2-warehousemariadb.com infoSite of MariaDB Corporation
mariadb.org infoSite of MariaDB Foundation
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­redshiftdocs.cloudant.commariadb.com/­kb/­en/­library
DeveloperAmazon (based on PostgreSQL)IBM, Apache Software Foundation infoIBM acquired Cloudant in February 2014IBMMariaDB Corporation Ab (MariaDB Enterprise),
MariaDB Foundation (community MariaDB Server) infoThe lead developer Monty Widenius is the original author of MySQL
Initial release2012201020142009
Current release10.4.10, November 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialcommercialcommercialOpen Source infoGPL version 2, commercial enterprise subscription available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesyesyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
  • Azure Database for MariaDB: A fully managed, scalable MariaDB relational database with high availability and security built in at no extra cost
  • MariaDB Managed Service: A customized MariaDB deployment fully managed by the experts at MariaDB in the cloud of your choice. Keeps you up to date with features, upgrades, hotfixes and security patches.
Implementation languageCErlangC and C++
Server operating systemshostedhostedhostedFreeBSD
Linux
Solaris
Windows infoColumnStore storage engine not available on Windows
Data schemeyesschema-freeyesyes infoDynamic columns are supported
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnoyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono infoImport/export of XML data possibleyes
Secondary indexesrestrictedyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infodoes not fully support an SQL-standardnoyesyes infowith proprietary extensions
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP/JSON API.NET Client API
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
Supported programming languagesAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBCC#
Java
JavaScript
Objective-C
PHP
Ruby
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Eiffel
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions infoin PythonView functions (Map-Reduce) in JavaScriptPL/SQL, SQL PLyes infoPL/SQL compatibility added with version 10.3
Triggersnoyesyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingShardingHorizontal partitioning, sharding with Spider storage engine or Galera cluster infoPartitioning by range, list, hash, key
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
yesMaster-master replication infousing MariaDB Galera Cluster
Master-slave replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoinformational only, not enforced by the systemnoyesyes infonot for MyISAM storage engine
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDno infoatomic operations within a document possibleACIDACID infonot for MyISAM storage engine
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infoOptimistic lockingyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes infonot for in-memory storage engine
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesnoyesyes infowith MEMORY storage engine
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users can be defined per databasefine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
Amazon RedshiftCloudantIBM Db2 warehouse infoformerly named IBM dashDBMariaDB
Specific characteristicsOpen source database from the creators of MySQL, enhanced with enterprise tools and...
» more
Competitive advantagesHigh availability, scalability, performance beyond MySQL and other databases.
» more
Typical application scenariosWeb, SaaS and Cloud operational/transactional applications that require high availability,...
» more
Key customersBooking.com, Wikipedia, Google, Canal+, ClubMed, Deutsche Telekom, La Poste, Virgin...
» more
Market metricsMariaDB is the default database in the LAMP stack supplied by Red Hat and SUSE Linux,...
» more

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesDremio is like magic for Redshift accelerating your analytical queries up to 1,000x.
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DBHawk: a web-based Amazon Redshift Workbench and Cloud database tool.
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CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
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Azure Database for MariaDB: Easily deploy applications to the cloud.
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Navicat for MariaDB provides a native environment for MariaDB database management and development.
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We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Amazon RedshiftCloudantIBM Db2 warehouse infoformerly named IBM dashDBMariaDB
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