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DBMS > Amazon Redshift vs. Cassandra vs. Impala vs. Oracle vs. Tibero

System Properties Comparison Amazon Redshift vs. Cassandra vs. Impala vs. Oracle vs. Tibero

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Redshift  Xexclude from comparisonCassandra  Xexclude from comparisonImpala  Xexclude from comparisonOracle  Xexclude from comparisonTibero  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionLarge scale data warehouse service for use with business intelligence toolsWide-column store based on ideas of BigTable and DynamoDB infoOptimized for write accessAnalytic DBMS for HadoopWidely used RDBMSA secure RDBMS, designed for easy portability from Oracle
Primary database modelRelational DBMSWide column storeRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument storeDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
RDF store infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score21.58
Rank#31  Overall
#19  Relational DBMS
Score120.66
Rank#11  Overall
#1  Wide column stores
Score16.03
Rank#36  Overall
#22  Relational DBMS
Score1346.68
Rank#1  Overall
#1  Relational DBMS
Score1.58
Rank#125  Overall
#61  Relational DBMS
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­redshiftcassandra.apache.orgwww.cloudera.com/­products/­open-source/­apache-hadoop/­impala.htmlwww.oracle.com/­databasewww.tmaxsoft.com/­products/­tibero
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­redshiftcassandra.apache.org/­doc/­latestwww.cloudera.com/­documentation/­enterprise/­latest/­topics/­impala.htmldocs.oracle.com/­en/­databasetechnet.tmaxsoft.com/­upload/­download/­online/­tibero/­pver-20150504-000002/­index.html
DeveloperAmazon (based on PostgreSQL)Apache Software Foundation infoApache top level project, originally developped by FacebookClouderaOracleTmaxSoft
Initial release20122008201319802003
Current release3.11.5, October 20193.3.0, August 201919c, February 20196, April 2015
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoApache Version 2commercial inforestricted free version is availablecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageCJavaC++C and C++C and Assembler
Server operating systemshostedBSD
Linux
OS X
Windows
LinuxAIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeyesschema-freeyesyes infoSchemaless in JSON and XML columnsyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononoyesyes
Secondary indexesrestrictedrestricted infoonly equality queries, not always the best performing solutionyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infodoes not fully support an SQL-standardSQL-like SELECT, DML and DDL statements (CQL)SQL-like DML and DDL statementsyes infowith proprietary extensionsyes
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol infoCQL (Cassandra Query Language, an SQL-like language)
Thrift
JDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
Tibero CLI
Supported programming languagesAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBCC#
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBCC
C#
C++
Clojure
Cobol
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Fortran
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Objective C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Visual Basic
C
C#
C++
Cobol
Java
Objective-C
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions infoin Pythonnoyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reducePL/SQL infoalso stored procedures in Java possiblePersistent Stored Procedure (PSM)
Triggersnoyesnoyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingSharding infono "single point of failure"Shardinghorizontal partitioning infowith the optional Oracle Partitioninghorizontal partitioning infoby range, hash, list or composite
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesselectable replication factor infoRepresentation of geographical distribution of servers is possibleselectable replication factorMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
Master-master replication
Master-slave replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesyes infoquery execution via MapReduceno infocan be realized in PL/SQLno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Eventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoinformational only, not enforced by the systemnonoyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDno infoAtomicity and isolation are supported for single operationsnoACID infoisolation level can be parameterizedACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesnonoyes infoVersion 12c introduced the new option 'Oracle Database In-Memory'no infoplanned for next version
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users can be defined per objectAccess rights for users, groups and roles infobased on Apache Sentry and Kerberosfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard (SQL 92, SQL 99)
More information provided by the system vendor
Amazon RedshiftCassandraImpalaOracleTibero
Specific characteristicsApache Cassandra is the leading NoSQL, distributed database management system, well...
» more
Oracle Database (commonly referred to as Oracle RDBMS or simply as Oracle) is a multi-model...
» more
Competitive advantagesNo single point of failure ensures 100% availability . Operational simplicity for...
» more
Typical application scenariosInternet of Things (IOT), fraud detection applications, recommendation engines, product...
» more
Key customersApple, Netflix, Uber, ING,, Intuit,Fidelity, NY Times, Outbrain, BazaarVoice, Best...
» more
Market metricsCassandra is used by 40% of the Fortune 100.
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsApache license  Pricing for commercial distributions provided by DataStax and available...
» more
Oracle Database Cloud Services Customers can choose from a wide range of database...
» more

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
Amazon RedshiftCassandraImpalaOracleTibero
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