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DBMS > Amazon Redshift vs. Blazegraph vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics vs. Milvus

System Properties Comparison Amazon Redshift vs. Blazegraph vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics vs. Milvus

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Redshift  Xexclude from comparisonBlazegraph  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data Warehouse  Xexclude from comparisonMilvus  Xexclude from comparison
Amazon has acquired Blazegraph's domain and (probably) product. It is said that Amazon Neptune is based on Blazegraph.
DescriptionLarge scale data warehouse service for use with business intelligence toolsHigh-performance graph database supporting Semantic Web (RDF/SPARQL) and Graph Database (tinkerpop3, blueprints, vertex-centric) APIs with scale-out and High Availability.Elastic, large scale data warehouse service leveraging the broad eco-system of SQL ServerA DBMS designed for efficient storage of vector data and vector similarity searches
Primary database modelRelational DBMSGraph DBMS
RDF store
Relational DBMSMultivalue DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score23.53
Rank#32  Overall
#18  Relational DBMS
Score0.84
Rank#195  Overall
#17  Graph DBMS
#8  RDF stores
Score15.75
Rank#40  Overall
#24  Relational DBMS
Score0.22
Rank#285  Overall
#11  Multivalue DBMS
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­redshiftblazegraph.comazure.microsoft.com/­services/­synapse-analyticsmilvus.io
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­redshiftwiki.blazegraph.comdocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­synapse-analyticsmilvus.io/­docs/­overview.md
DeveloperAmazon (based on PostgreSQL)BlazegraphMicrosoft
Initial release2012200620162019
Current release2.1.5, March 20191.0, March 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoextended commercial license availablecommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageCJavaC++C++
Server operating systemshostedLinux
OS X
Windows
hostedLinux
Data schemeyesschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infoRDF literal typesyesNumeric data only
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesrestrictedyesyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infodoes not fully support an SQL-standardSPARQL is used as query languageyesno
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
Java API
RESTful HTTP API
SPARQL QUERY
SPARQL UPDATE
TinkerPop 3
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
Supported programming languagesAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBC.Net
C
C++
Java
JavaScript
PHP
Python
Ruby
C#
Java
PHP
C++
Go
Java
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions infoin PythonyesTransact SQLno
Triggersnononono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingSharding, horizontal partitioningSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesyesyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on configurationImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoinformational only, not enforced by the systemyes infoRelationships in Graphsno infodocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­synapse-analytics/­sql-data-warehouse/­sql-data-warehouse-table-constraintsno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesno
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardSecurity and Authentication via Web Application Container (Tomcat, Jetty)yesno

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More resources
Amazon RedshiftBlazegraphMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data WarehouseMilvus
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