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DBMS > Amazon Redshift vs. Blazegraph vs. FoundationDB vs. MonetDB vs. Neo4j

System Properties Comparison Amazon Redshift vs. Blazegraph vs. FoundationDB vs. MonetDB vs. Neo4j

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Redshift  Xexclude from comparisonBlazegraph  Xexclude from comparisonFoundationDB  Xexclude from comparisonMonetDB  Xexclude from comparisonNeo4j  Xexclude from comparison
Amazon has acquired Blazegraph's domain and (probably) product. It is said that Amazon Neptune is based on Blazegraph.Created as commercial project in 2013, FoundationDB has been acquired by Apple in March 2015 and was withdrawn from the market. As a consequence, the product was removed from the DB-Engines ranking. In April 2018, Apple open-sourced FoundationDB and it therefore reappears in the ranking.
DescriptionLarge scale data warehouse service for use with business intelligence toolsHigh-performance graph database supporting Semantic Web (RDF/SPARQL) and Graph Database (tinkerpop3, blueprints, vertex-centric) APIs with scale-out and High Availability.Ordered key-value store. Core features are complimented by layers.A relational database management system that stores data in columnsOpen source graph database
Primary database modelRelational DBMSGraph DBMS
RDF store
Document store infosupported via specific layer
Key-value store
Relational DBMS infosupported via specific SQL-layer
Relational DBMSGraph DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score20.27
Rank#31  Overall
#18  Relational DBMS
Score0.64
Rank#189  Overall
#15  Graph DBMS
#8  RDF stores
Score0.70
Rank#177  Overall
#26  Document stores
#31  Key-value stores
#87  Relational DBMS
Score1.71
Rank#120  Overall
#58  Relational DBMS
Score49.76
Rank#21  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­redshiftblazegraph.comwww.foundationdb.orgwww.monetdb.orgneo4j.com
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­redshiftwiki.blazegraph.comapple.github.io/­foundationdbwww.monetdb.org/­Documentationneo4j.com/­docs
DeveloperAmazon (based on PostgreSQL)BlazegraphFoundationDBMonetDB BVNeo4j, Inc.
Initial release20122006201320042007
Current release2.1.5, March 20196.2.11, November 2019Nov2019-SP1, December 20194.0.4, May 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoextended commercial license availableOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoMozilla Public License 2.0Open Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageCJavaC++CJava, Scala
Server operating systemshostedLinux
OS X
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeyesschema-freeschema-free infosome layers support schemasyesschema-free and schema-optional
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infoRDF literal typesno infosome layers support typingyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.no
Secondary indexesrestrictedyesnoyesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Lucene
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infodoes not fully support an SQL-standardSPARQL is used as query languagesupported in specific SQL layer onlyyes infoSQL 2003 with some extensionsno
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
Java API
RESTful HTTP API
SPARQL QUERY
SPARQL UPDATE
TinkerPop 3
JDBC
native C library infoMAPI library (MonetDB application programming interface)
ODBC
Bolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
Supported programming languagesAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBC.Net
C
C++
Java
JavaScript
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
PHP
Python
Ruby
Swift
C
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions infoin Pythonyesin SQL-layer onlyyes, in SQL, C, Ryes infoUser defined Procedures and Functions
Triggersnononoyesyes infovia event handler
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingShardingSharding via remote tablesnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesyesyesnone infoMaster-slave replication available in experimental statusCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version only
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on configurationLinearizable consistencyCausal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoinformational only, not enforced by the systemyes infoRelationships in Graphsin SQL-layer onlyyesyes infoRelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardSecurity and Authentication via Web Application Container (Tomcat, Jetty)nofine grained access rights according to SQL-standardUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)
More information provided by the system vendor
Amazon RedshiftBlazegraphFoundationDBMonetDBNeo4j
Specific characteristicsColumn-store In-memory optimized GeoSpatial support JSON document support
» more
Neo4j is a native graph database platform that is built to store, query, analyze...
» more
Competitive advantagesScalable architecture - vertical data organization and in-memory optimization guarantee...
» more
Neo4j database is the only transactional database that combines everything you need...
» more
Typical application scenariosAnalytical database, Data warehouse, OLAP Data mining Scientific database
» more
Real-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Key customersNumascale , Spinque , SecurActive , CHS , NOZHUP
» more
Over 300 commercial customers and over 750 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Market metricsNeo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than a 15 million...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsFree and open-source software, Mozilla Public License 2.0 Commercial support available
» more
GPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
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